| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 773, 23 July 2018
Welcome to this year's 30th issue of DistroWatch Weekly!
A lot of Linux distributions have relatively short lives. New projects or spins will appear, demonstrate interesting approaches to computing and then disappear as developer attention focuses elsewhere. One of the key exceptions to this pattern is Slackware Linux. Slackware is the oldest surviving Linux distribution still in development and we are pleased to mark the project's 25th anniversary in our News section. We also talk about pfSense releasing subscription services and documentation for free, and discuss the Pentoo project correcting an update bug. The Linux Mint project has faced its own share of bugs lately and we cover how those are being addressed. Our Feature Story this week is a review of Peppermint OS, a distribution which ships with a mixture of local and web-based applications. Joshua Allen Holm provides details on Peppermint OS 9 below. Our Opinion Poll also explores the topic of web applications and we would like to find out how popular web-based solutions are among our readers. Plus we discuss the various types of security offered by different open source operating systems and welcome the NomadBSD project to our database. Below we list the distribution releases of the past week and share the torrents we are seeding. We wish you all a fantastic week and happy reading!
- Review: Peppermint OS 9
- News: pfSense Gold resources become freely available, Pentoo corrects update bug, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25
- Questions and answers: Types of security provided by different projects
- Released last week: SUSE Linux Enterprise 15, NetBSD 8.0, Neptune 5.4
- Torrent corner: ArcoLinux, Neptune, NetBSD, SmartOS
- Opinion poll: Web apps versus desktop applications
- New additions: NomadBSD
- New distributions: Slontoo, Bliss, ZoonityOS
- Reader comments
|Feature Story (by Joshua Allen Holm)
Peppermint OS 9
Peppermint OS is a lightweight, Ubuntu-based distribution. Its default desktop environment is a hybrid of LXDE and Xfce. What sets Peppermint apart from other distributions is its reliance on site-specific browsers to provide easy access to web-based applications. This reliance on web-based applications makes the distribution a decent alternative to Chrome OS while still providing a full, traditional Linux desktop experience.
I should admit up front that my normal workflow involves using a lot of traditional desktop applications and very few web-based applications, so trying out Peppermint 9 was a major shift from my normal combination of working in Evolution and LibreOffice. That said, for this review I did switch as much as possible to using the web-based options included in Peppermint 9.
Installing Peppermint 9
Peppermint 9 is available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions. The ISOs for both images are 1.37GB. For this review, I downloaded the 64-bit image and copied it to a flash drive using the dd command. After the flash drive was ready, I booted the computer from the flash drive into a live desktop environment, which had an icon for the installer on the desktop. I opted to start the installation right away, instead of trying out the live environment.
Peppermint OS 9 -- The Ubiquity installer
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Peppermint 9 uses Ubuntu's Ubiquity installer, so there will be no surprises for anyone who has installed Ubuntu, or any Ubuntu-based distribution, in the past several years. For my installation I simply accepted all the defaults, selected the correct timezone, created my user account, and waited. There is really not much to say about the process, the only difference between Peppermint 9 and Ubuntu is the information presented in the slide show while installing.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Default desktop
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The Peppermint 9 desktop
After logging in, I was presented with the default Peppermint 9 desktop environment. The desktop's look is pretty typical, but built from components from various different desktop environments. The base session comes from LXDE, but the bottom panel and application menu comes from Xfce. The default file manager is Nemo, which comes from the Cinnamon desktop. Despite the diverse origins of the various components, the desktop fits together well. With no applications running, Peppermint's desktop typically consumed between 350MB and 400MB of RAM.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Running Microsoft Word
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The default software included in Peppermint 9 is a combination of traditional desktop software and site-specific browsers for web applications. The traditional desktop software includes Firefox, VLC media player, and various utilities. The site-specific browsers include Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Microsoft Office Online, a few utilities, and six simple games.
The default selection of software is pretty good, but I found the site-specific browser applications to be a little limiting. They worked well enough, but I found the choice of using web applications for all of the default games to be a little odd. If I am stuck off-line, I cannot even play a basic game of solitaire to pass the time, despite there being many different, non-web-based solitaire options to pick from. There are plenty of options available in Peppermint's software repositories, so it would have been nice to pick just one to include by default.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Advert Blocker
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One really interesting application worth specifically mentioning is Advert Blocker, which is a utility that blocks advertisements by modifying the system's /etc/hosts file. The program supports three different block lists, which can be selected separately or combined. I tested the Advert Blocker program with all three lists enabled and found that it worked well at blocking advertisements without breaking basic web browsing.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Peppermint settings panel
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While the default settings for Peppermint are nice, it is possible to customize it using the Peppermint Setting Panel. This panel has options for accessing most settings, including changing the look and feel of the desktop and windows, configuring hardware, and updating the system. The settings panel is, for the most part, well organized, but I found it a little odd that the "Software & Updates Settings" option was in the "Tweaks" section. Granted, making adjustments to which software repositories are enabled could be classified as tweaking those settings, but the classification seems a little off to me. There are also a few advanced configuration tools that are available from the applications menu.
Installing traditional desktop applications
There are many different ways to add software to Peppermint 9. For non-web-based software, Deb packages can be installed from Ubuntu's repositories and the Peppermint PPA. Peppermint 9 also supports Flatpak and Snaps. GNOME Software, Software Manager (mintInstall), and Synaptic Package Manager are the GUI options for browsing and installing applications. Each of the three applications provides different features, so it is nice to have all of them available by default, but three different GUI package managers might overwhelm new users. Peppermint also comes with GDebi for installing Deb packages that come from outside the distribution's repositories.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Software Manager
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Of all the installation methods available, GNOME Software and Software Manager were the easiest to use. I could easily find all the applications that I wanted to install in either of them, but it was nice to have Synaptic around for installing non-GUI applications. Of course, the command line was also a valid alternative, and I often found myself using apt, snap, and flatpak on the command line just because doing so was quicker.
Creating and using site-specific browsers
Peppermint uses a program called Ice to create site-specific browsers. The Ice application makes it really easy to add any website to the application menu. The process is very straightforward. Just enter a URL, select what section of the application menu it should appear under, pick an icon (or use the site's favicon), and select which browser to use. The default is to use Firefox, which is the only browser installed by default, but Ice also works with Chrome, Chromium, and Vivaldi. That is all it takes to create a new site-specific browser application. I was able to quickly create application launchers for GitHub, GitLab, OpenShift, and a few other sites I would want to access on a regular basis as applications.
Peppermint OS 9 -- Ice
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I found it a somewhat useful to have web-based applications in the application menu and to be able to quickly alt-tab between them as separate applications, but I could honestly make do without them. Having a few pinned tabs in Firefox works just as well for me, but I fully understand that other people might feel differently. That said, Ice is nice utility that more distributions should consider including just to make life easier for people who do want to create site-specific browser applications for the sites they use most frequently.
While I have to admit that I am not the target audience for a distribution focused on web-based applications, I found Peppermint 9 to be a solid distribution. Despite pulling components from multiple desktop environments, Peppermint 9's desktop is well integrated and easy to use. It was also easy to add both web-based and traditional applications to the system, so the distribution can be adjusted for users who prefer either.
Peppermint 9 is not for everyone, but users who do most their work in Google Docs or Microsoft Office Online should give Peppermint a try. However, users accustomed to using traditional desktop applications might want to stick to one of the many alternatives out there. Yes, Peppermint 9 can be easily adjusted to use traditional desktop applications, but many of the other distribution options out there come with those kinds of applications pre-installed.
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Hardware used in this review
My physical test equipment for this review was a Lenovo Ideapad 100-15IBD laptop with the following specifications:
- Processor: 2.2GHz Intel Core i3-5020U CPU
- Storage: Seagate 500GB 5400 RPM hard drive
- Memory: 4GB of RAM
- Networking: Realtek RTL8723BE 802.11n Wireless Network Adapter
- Display: Intel HD Graphics 5500
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Visitor supplied rating
Peppermint OS has a visitor supplied average rating of: 8.9/10 from 214 review(s).
Have you used Peppermint OS? You can leave your own review of the project on our ratings page.
|Miscellaneous News (by Jesse Smith)
pfSense Gold resources become freely available, Pentoo corrects update bug, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25
pfSense Gold is a subscription service which provides a number of benefits to its clients, such as additional documentation and a secure, on-line backup service (called AutoConfigBackup or ACB). These and other components of the pfSense Gold service will soon be made available to pfSense users for free. "You may be wondering why we made this change, and why now? The pfSense book and the monthly pfSense Hangouts have proven valuable to many over the years. We decided to open them up to all for free. This brings us to ACB. We've always believed ACB is useful, and that everyone should have it. But, the resource usage required by the package design meant we had to pass some costs onto users. Earlier this year, the Netgate development team rewrote ACB - enabling us to make it available for free. Additionally, while the legacy package version relied on a username/password and a hostname, the new integrated ACB conforms to GDPR best practices. No private information at all is passed to ACB servers." More information on the change can be found in this blog post.
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Pentoo is a Gentoo-based distribution used for penetration testing. This week some users of the distribution ran into an issue where the operating system was unable to update. "If your system works, you have no need to read this. You won't hit this issue, it's already fixed. If your system is unable to update, or you have schadenfreude, read on. Sorry. My bad. Very recently some changes were pushed to Pentoo which moved the Pentoo Overlay from /var/lib/layman to /var/db/repos, for a few reasons, none of which are hugely relevant (although one of them was to make gpg verification work). When this was done, it passed a test case on my system, and was pushed without extensive testing. As such, a few issues popped up, all relating to stupid mistakes made my me personally." The project's blog post includes instructions for fixing the potential update errors.
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The Linux Mint project has been dealing with a number of bugs in core packages since the release of Linux Mint 19. The new release, which is based on Ubuntu 18.04, has run into regressions in the MESA, GRUB, kernel, and WINE packages. In the project's July monthly newsletter the team addresses some of the concerns and discusses efforts being made to fix these problems. "More recently, a GRUB update triggered an issue in one of our own packages. That issue could only be triggered by a new GRUB update and so it had gone undetected during QA and the beta test. Although it was fixed in a matter of hours in the repositories, it still affects our installation ISO images and it breaks EFI installations when the live session is connected to the Internet. The release notes were updated to ask people to install off-line. New 64-bit ISO images for Linux Mint 19 Cinnamon, MATE and Xfce were produced with the fixed package and they passed QA yesterday. These new ISOs will replace the current images in the days to come.
Be careful with kernel 4.15.0-24. A critical issue causes some computers to boot really slowly, or not to boot at all. Ubuntu is aware of it and working on a fix. We've also received negative feedback from the 4.15 kernel series in Mint 18.x (based on Ubuntu Xenial). Although Ubuntu decided to switch the HWE series towards it, the 4.15 series doesn't appear to support some proprietary drivers yet (nvidia-3.04 and nvidia-340 among them).
We're also aware of regressions in the Bionic base affecting VPN, Samba, WINE (recently fixed). Ubuntu 18.04 is a brand new base and we're sure it will settle, receive bug fixes and get more mature with time."
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Slackware Linux is the world's oldest surviving Linux distribution, well known for its stability and conservative approach to adopting new technologies. The Slackware project turns 25 years old this month (Slackware Linux 1.00 was released on July 16, 1993). Though it has been about two years since the last stable version of Slackware was published, work continues in the project's "Current" branch. Happy 25th anniversary, Slackware!
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These and other news stories can be found on our Headlines page.
|Questions and Answers (by Jesse Smith)
Types of security provided by different projects
Locking-down-everything asks: Which distro between Qubes, OpenBSD and a hardened one, like Debian, offer the best security against exploiting the OS?
DistroWatch answers: I think it is interesting you chose those three examples, because not only does each of those projects have quite different styles from the end user's point of view, but they take different approaches to security. Qubes OS places a lot of focus on security through isolation. This means that the Qubes team expects applications and services on their operating system may become compromised, but the various components can be kept separate from each other. If an attacker exploits a weakness in one piece of software, that does not grant them access to the rest of the system. Projects which emphasize security through isolation acknowledge that bad things will happen, but by keeping a barrier between different programs, the damage can be minimized. Common examples of security through isolation are running services sandboxes and virtual machines.
The OpenBSD team focuses on security through correctness. Basically, the core operating system is kept as clean and bug free as possible. The idea being that if each program and service is implemented properly, then it cannot be exploited. This is a good approach to take as it makes it very hard to break (or break into) a correctly implemented operating system. The problem is making bug free software takes a lot of effort, both in writing and in auditing the code. As a result, security through correctness does not always scale well. This is why OpenBSD is famously secure, but the third-party ports of software which can be install on OpenBSD may not be audited and installing new programs carries added risk.
Not all, but many, of the hardening techniques projects (such as Debian) employ a third approach called security though obscurity. The obscurity approach gets a lot of bad press, but is often effective, particularly against simple or automated attacks. Security through obscurity relies on hiding things, moving things around, or by keeping secrets. For example, a common hardening practice is to randomize the layout of data in memory so attackers do not know where to find it. Another approach, sometimes used by Debian and FreeBSD, is to hide processes from other users so that other people accessing the computer do not even know what programs you are running.
Ideally, we might imagine that an operating system would strive to use all three methods to secure the system. However, each layer of security takes time and effort - some may even be mutually exclusive. The OpenBSD team, for example, has historically downplayed using virtual machines or sandboxes (security by isolation) because such tools add complexity. Larger, more complex code is harder to audit for correctness and may contain its own bugs.
Which approach is best will depend on what you are protecting yourself from. If you are looking for a way to compartmentalize your life and make sure that if someone compromises your web browser they don't get your work credentials then Qubes is probably the best option. If you plan to run a firewall or web server and hope to guard against remote exploits then OpenBSD's approach will be a good fit. On the other hand, if you plan to run a lot of software and want to guard against the most common automated attacks then Debian probably offers the most practical approach.
While it is not convenient to use all three approaches at once, you can try to combine aspects of correctness, isolation and obscurity at the same time. For example, running a hardened Debian system with network facing programs running in a sandbox (such as Firejail) will provide an extra layer of protection. The important thing, in my opinion, is to figure out what kind of attacks you want to guard against and pick the best tool to defend against those attacks.
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Additional tips can be found in our Questions and Answers archive.
|Released Last Week
SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
SUSE has announced the availability of a new version of the company's SUSE Linux Enterprise distribution. The latest release, which was originally announced on June 25 with the trial download becoming available on July 17, is version 15 and includes a focus on lowering the barrier for transitioning between the openSUSE community distribution and SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). "SUSE today launched SUSE Linux Enterprise 15, the latest version of its flagship operating platform that bridges next-generation software-defined infrastructure with traditional infrastructure technologies. The modern, modular operating system helps simplify multimodal IT, makes traditional IT infrastructure more efficient and provides an engaging platform for developers. As a result, organizations can easily deploy and transition business-critical workloads across on-premise and public cloud environments." Further information can be found in the company's press releases and in the release notes.
The NetBSD team has announced a new version of their project's highly portable operating system. The new version, NetBSD 8.0, included support for USB 3, reproducible builds, in-kernel audio mixing and address layout randomization for improved security. "USB stack rework, USB3 support added. In-kernel audio mixer (audio_system(9)). Reproducible builds (MKREPRO, see mk.conf(5)). Full userland debug information (MKDEBUG, see mk.conf(5)) available. While most install media do not come with them (for size reasons), the debug and xdebug sets can be downloaded and extracted as needed later. They provide full symbol information for all base system and X binaries and libraries and allow better error reporting and (userland) crash analysis. PaX MPROTECT (W^X) memory protection enforced by default on some architectures with fine-grained memory protection and suitable ELF formats: i386, amd64, evbarm, landisk, pmax. PaX ASLR (Address Space Layout Randomization) enabled by default on: i386, amd64, evbarm, landisk, pmax, sparc64. Position independent executables by default for userland on: i386, amd64, arm, m68k, mips, sh3, sparc64." Further details can be found in the project's release notes.
Leszek Lesner has announced the release of Neptune 5.4, an updated build of the project's desktop Linux distribution based on Debian's "stable branch" and featuring the KDE Plasma 5.12 desktop: "We are proud to announce version 5.4 of Neptune. In this update we introduce a new look-and-feel package called 'Neptune Dark'. It comes together with a modified icon theme, called 'Faenza Dark'. We improved hardware support further by providing Linux kernel 4.16.16 with improved drivers and bug fixes. Other main changes in this version are the update of KDE Frameworks to version 5.48 and KDE Applications to version 18.04.3. As the new KF5 version is not compatible with Qt 5.7 anymore we had to backport its patches to version 5.45. VLC has been updated to 3.0.3 to provide more speed and lots of bug fixes. Thunderbird 52.9 fixes issues with encrypted HTML e-mails. The Excalibur menu is now available in version 2.7 which provides some bug fixes in regards to multiple activities and moving favorites around. KWin, the default window manager for Plasma, got an update to version 5.12.5 which is now the real version and which we adjusted to be compiled against Qt 5.7." See the release announcement and changelog for further details.
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Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
The table below provides a list of torrents DistroWatch is currently seeding. If you do not have a bittorrent client capable of handling the linked files, we suggest installing either the Transmission or KTorrent bittorrent clients.
Archives of our previously seeded torrents may be found in our Torrent Archive. We also maintain a Torrents RSS feed for people who wish to have open source torrents delivered to them. To share your own open source torrents of Linux and BSD projects, please visit our Upload Torrents page.
Torrent Corner statistics:
- Total torrents seeded: 944
- Total data uploaded: 20.7TB
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
Web apps versus desktop applications
In our main story this week we discussed Peppermint OS, a lightweight distribution which mixes web-based applications with local, desktop programs. This week we would like to learn how popular web apps are among our readers. Do you use a few (perhaps for e-mail), a handful, or do you run virtually everything through a web browser?
You can see the results of our previous poll on using boot environments in last week's edition. All previous poll results can be found in our poll archives.
Web apps versus desktop applications
|I do not use any web apps: ||785 (52%)|
| I use one web app: ||194 (13%)|
| I use a few web apps: ||452 (30%)|
| Most of my tasks are performed through web apps: ||71 (5%)|
New projects added to database
NomadBSD is a 64-bit live system for USB flash drives, based on FreeBSD. Together with automatic hardware detection and setup, it is configured to be used as a desktop system that works out of the box, but can also be used for data recovery.
NomadBSD 1.1 -- Running the live desktop
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Distributions added to waiting list
- Slontoo. Slontoo is a Funtoo-based distribution featuring the Linux Mint system installer and three optional desktop environments (MATE, LXDE and Xfce) on the installation media.
- Bliss. Bliss is an Android-based operating system designed to run on mobile devices as well as laptops and workstation computers.
- ZoonityOS. ZoonityOS is a distribution based on Xubuntu that features an Xfce desktop theme which resembles Unity 7.
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DistroWatch database summary
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This concludes this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 30 July 2018. Past articles and reviews can be found through our Article Search page. To contact the authors please send e-mail to:
- Jesse Smith (feedback, questions and suggestions: distribution reviews/submissions, questions and answers, tips and tricks)
- Ladislav Bodnar (feedback, questions, donations, comments)
- Bruce Patterson (podcast)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 828 (2019-08-19): AcademiX 2.2, concerns with non-free firmware, UBports working on Unity8, Fedora unveils new EPEL channel, FreeBSD phasing out GCC|
|• Issue 827 (2019-08-12): Q4OS, finding files on the disk, Ubuntu works on ZFS, Haiku improves performance, OSDisc shutting down|
|• Issue 826 (2019-08-05): Quick looks at Resilient, PrimeOS, and BlueLight, flagship distros for desktops,Manjaro introduces new package manager|
|• Issue 825 (2019-07-29): Endless OS 3.6, UBports 16.04, gNewSense maintainer stepping down, Fedora developrs discuss optimizations, Project Trident launches stable branch|
|• Issue 824 (2019-07-22): Hexagon OS 1.0, Mageia publishes updated media, Fedora unveils Fedora CoreOS, managing disk usage with quotas|
|• Issue 823 (2019-07-15): Debian 10, finding 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system, Will Cooke discusses Ubuntu's desktop, IBM finalizes purchase of Red Hat|
|• Issue 822 (2019-07-08): Mageia 7, running development branches of distros, Mint team considers Snap, UBports to address Google account access|
|• Issue 821 (2019-07-01): OpenMandriva 4.0, Ubuntu's plan for 32-bit packages, Fedora Workstation improvements, DragonFly BSD's smaller kernel memory|
|• Issue 820 (2019-06-24): Clear Linux and Guix System 1.0.1, running Android applications using Anbox, Zorin partners with Star Labs, Red Hat explains networking bug, Ubuntu considers no longer updating 32-bit packages|
|• Issue 819 (2019-06-17): OS108 and Venom, renaming multiple files, checking live USB integrity, working with Fedora's Modularity, Ubuntu replacing Chromium package with snap|
|• Issue 818 (2019-06-10): openSUSE 15.1, improving boot times, FreeBSD's status report, DragonFly BSD reduces install media size|
|• Issue 817 (2019-06-03): Manjaro 18.0.4, Ubuntu Security Podcast, new Linux laptops from Dell and System76, Entroware Apollo|
|• Issue 816 (2019-05-27): Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.0, creating firewall rules, Antergos shuts down, Matthew Miller answers questions about Fedora|
|• Issue 815 (2019-05-20): Sabayon 19.03, Clear Linux's developer features, Red Hat explains MDS flaws, an overview of mobile distro options|
|• Issue 814 (2019-05-13): Fedora 30, distributions publish Firefox fixes, CentOS publishes roadmap to 8.0, Debian plans to use Wayland by default|
|• Issue 813 (2019-05-06): ROSA R11, MX seeks help with systemd-shim, FreeBSD tests unified package management, interview with Gael Duval|
|• Issue 812 (2019-04-29): Ubuntu MATE 19.04, setting up a SOCKS web proxy, Scientific Linux discontinued, Red Hat takes over Java LTS support|
|• Issue 811 (2019-04-22): Alpine 3.9.2, rsync examples, Ubuntu working on ZFS support, Debian elects new Project Leader, Obarun releases S6 tools|
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 188.8.131.52, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Full list of all issues|
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NepaLinux was a Debian-based live and installation CD localised into the Nepali language, complete with Nepali fonts, input method, spell and grammar checker, dictionary, and GNOME theme. Besides the distribution, the project also provides extensive documentation for localisation into Nepali under Linux and was the leading advocate of open source software in the country.