| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 529, 14 October 2013
Welcome to this year's 41st issue of DistroWatch Weekly! The Ubuntu distribution is well known for its experimental (and sometimes controversial) nature. The developers behind this popular operating system often push into new territory, trying new approaches to package management, user interfaces and system internals. However, with the approach of Ubuntu's next long term support release (scheduled for April 2014), the developers are planning a more conservative path. Read on as Jesse Smith discusses Mir, Ubuntu's new display server, and the community's reaction to its delay. We also talk about Ubuntu's plans for the distribution's GNOME and GTK packages which will likely be used by various community spins. In this issue of DistroWatch Weekly we talk about openSUSE's participation in this year's Summer of Code and the interesting results which grew out of their involvement. We also bring news of developments in the FreeBSD community where new file system and stack protection software are being introduced. Plus we offer tips on rescuing deleted files and discovering attached storage devices in our Questions and Answers section. As usual, we bring you news of recent distribution releases and look forward to new releases around the corner. We wish you all a wonderful week and happy reading!
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in OGG (14MB) and MP3 (26MB) formats
|Feature Story (by Jesse Smith)
Thoughts on Mir and the community
I realized this week I needed a break from sampling distributions. I love technology, especially when it involves open source software, but this past week I realized I'd had too much of a good thing. As I scrolled through the list of distributions released over the previous two weeks and combed my inbox for suggestions I realized few of the distributions jumped out at me. My reaction to reading descriptions such as "The last distribution you will ever try" or "Just works" was skepticism. Most of the releases announced over these past two weeks have been niche players and beta releases anyway, so this seemed like a good time to take a break, to take a week off from installing open source operating systems, to have a week off from taking notes on the Linux community's latest and greatest. This week I would like to turn my focus (and yours, if you will indulge me) on Canonical's new display server, Mir.
Mir, for those of you who are not familiar, is a display server designed to replace the X graphics software common to most Linux (and UNIX) operating systems. The Mir software is designed to work on desktops, laptops, tablets and phones. If all goes as planned, Mir will provide better performance and use less energy than X. The name Mir is a Russian term meaning community or the world (as well as "peace") and fits the naming pattern of other Canonical projects which include Ubuntu and Unity.
Right from the start Mir generated some controversy. Originally Canonical (and several other open source contributors) had been putting their development efforts into a new display server technology called Wayland. Wayland was also supposed to be a faster, lighter, less cumbersome display technology that would someday replace X on most devices. However, development on Wayland was slow and not going in quite the direction Canonical had hoped and thus Mir was born. Right away many people expressed concern that Canonical was dividing the Linux ecosystem by introducing a new display server, a technology which would use different drivers than Wayland and, therefore, possibly divide development efforts. There were also questions as to why Canonical needed to make their own display server rather than influencing Wayland's development, questions Canonical kindly answered.
For a while all seemed quiet, but then, during the month of September, Intel (a Wayland contributor) rejected software patches provided by Canonical which would allow Intel's drivers to work with Mir. This was a reversal of Intel's earlier apparent support for Canonical's new display server. The reasoning was not clear, but it seemed as though Intel was unwilling to continue support for Mir, either in an effort to avoid cluttering up their own driver code or because Intel's focus was on Wayland. Either way, it meant more work for the Canonical developers who will need to maintain the driver code themselves. Then, at the start of October, Canonical announced Mir would not ship by default in the upcoming release of Ubuntu 13.10. The developers had decided there were still bugs to work through, features to complete, and it was decided Mir would be delayed for a release cycle.
Given Mir's status this seemed like a reasonable move, at least to me. In the past Canonical has released buggy code into its products (PulseAudio and the Unity desktop spring to mind) and it seemed as though the company was taking a more conservative approach, protecting its users from experimental code, trying to insure a better user experience. Yet, for some reason, people's reactions have been mostly negative. Mir's temporary delay seems to be blood in the water for critics of the display server. Commentators are taking the opportunity to claim the project was poorly planned, that the technology is under-supported, that it won't be able to complete with Wayland, which has recently been gaining momentum.
As someone who does not have a horse in this race, as someone who does not care if his desktop is running Mir, Wayland or X, it has been a puzzling few weeks. It seems as though the community at large, not just a vocal minority of idle commentators, but active developers, are betting against Mir before the software gets a trial run. Intel's move, for example, of not only refusing to assist in driver development, but actively blocking support, is troublesome. Former Red Hat employee, Matthew Garrett, taking shots at Mir also strikes me as a poor use of time and energy. Critics claiming Ubuntu being the only distribution to currently adopt Mir is a sign Mir won't be successful seems to me to be an odd and unrealistic viewpoint. Wayland has yet to be included as the default display server in any mainstream distributions and critics are not complaining about its delay.
Most of us see the open source world as a place where anybody can scratch an itch, develop a new idea and release it into the wild. It doesn't need to have mass appeal, it does not need to sell a certain number of units, developers are able to create their visions and share them freely. At least it seems as though developers can do this as long as they do not work for commercial companies. The more feedback I hear about Mir (especially negative feedback) the more I get the impression critics are opposed to Mir not on the technology's merits, but because Canonical is behind its development. Ubuntu is a widely used and popular distribution and, when one is king of the hill, everyone wants to push you. The development of Mir isn't hurting anyone, it isn't being forced on other distributions (even Ubuntu community distributions can use Mir or ignore it as they like), and Mir is open source. Mir represents a fresh solution to a long-standing concern -- the imperfections in X -- and Canonical has shown a willingness to develop and even maintain drivers to prevent diluting efforts from third-party coders. Canonical has basically said they want to try something new, do not expect any help or cooperation and will not push their technology out to the public before it is ready. Despite their best efforts many people in the open source community appear to want them to fail.
Earlier I mentioned that my review options were limited this week as many recent distribution releases have been beta tests rather than full releases. My point of view is that developers should be given the time to get their projects to a stable release before the software is judged. When I review a distribution I try to focus on stable releases and I attempt to avoid reading other reviews of the same project and anything about the developers' personal lives. I want to evaluate a project based on its strengths and problems, as free as possible from the taint of public opinion or past releases. It's not always possible, I am human and flawed, prone to being subjective. Still, I feel the community at large should take the same approach when it comes to Mir. Perhaps the technology will always be buggy or maybe it will be stellar. In either case no one is forcing Mir onto the open source community as a whole, it is Canonical's pet project, and I think the community should be cheering them on for trying something new. Canonical, as with any other open source developer, is free to dedicate its resources to scratching its own itch and seeing what comes about as a result. I, for one, am looking forward to comparing Wayland, Mir and X over the coming year to see which one best serves my needs. When we have options we all win.
|Miscellaneous News (by Jesse Smith)
openSUSE reports on Summer of Code results, Ubuntu considers approach to GNOME, new features come to FreeBSD
The Google Summer of Code projects hosted by the openSUSE team have drawn to a close with some exciting results. Among the projects that were successfully completed are several useful tools and some fun applications. Some of the projects which stand out are tools for AppAmour security profiling, an application for automatically resizing LVM volumes as more space is required and a program for playing music stored on ownCloud servers. There were also interesting projects which included logging, a code repository review system and a campaign mission for the game Hedgewars. Congratulations to all of the students and mentors who took part in the Google Summer of Code experience!
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The Ubuntu distribution is known for its experimental nature. The project is often trying new things: a new sound system, new desktop environment, new widgets and search functionality. However, the first Ubuntu release of 2014 is likely to be more conservative with regards to its GNOME and GTK packages. Sebastien Bacher posted a message on the Ubuntu Desktop mailing list suggesting that Ubuntu 14.04 (a long term support release) ship with an older version of GNOME (and its supporting) packages. At the time Ubuntu 14.04 will be released GNOME will have reached version 3.10 or 3.12 and Bacher is recommending Ubuntu stick with GNOME 3.8. Some of the reasons Bacher suggests for using the older version of GNOME are that GTK 3.10 "deprecates several options", the Ubuntu long term support releases should avoid cutting-edge software, and Red Hat's next Enterprise Linux release will use GNOME 3.8 so it makes sense to stick with a version where maintenance work can be shared by both distributions.
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The BSD Now talk show is a podcast hosted by Allan Jude and Kris Moore which covers important updates and developments in the BSD communities. In their latest episode the hosts discuss the brand-new FreeBSD 9.2 with its ZFS TRIM support, driver improvements and dtrace administration functionality. The duo also cover NetBSD's recent flurry of releases, work being done on DragonflyBSD's advanced HAMMER file system and stack protection support for FreeBSD ports. They also discuss how to reduce compile times using RAM disks to cut down on bottlenecks that are typically encountered when reading from (and writing to) a hard disk. A lot of interesting file system work is being in the BSDs these days and it's worth a listen to find out what new features are available.
|Questions and Answers (by Jesse Smith)
Quick tips and tricks
Learning-your-name asks: When I plug in a device like a thumb drive, how can I know what name Linux assigns the device? Like when I plug in an external drive how do I know if it is called /dev/sdb or /dev/sbc?
DistroWatch answers: There are a couple of ways to get the name of a device which has just been plugged into your computer. One way is to run the dmesg command. The last dozen lines of the output from dmesg should contain the name of the newly attached device. The name will not be displayed in the full "/dev/sdc" format, but will be abbreviated as "sdc" or "sdd". To see the last ten lines of the output from dmesg you can run:
dmesg | tail
Another method would be to run the lsscsi command. This command displays a list of all disks attached to the computer. Each row of output represents one device and each line lets us know the type of device (such as a hard disk or DVD drive); the label or brand associated with the device; and its name. In the case of lsscsi we do get to see the full name of the device, such as "/dev/sdb". If the lsscsi command is not available on your system it is probably available in your distribution's software repositories.
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On a regular basis I receive questions from people asking about the restoration of deleted files. I have covered this question in the past here and here, but I'd like to briefly go over a few tips I have found to be helpful. The first thing to do when a file has been accidentally deleted is to stop using the drive where the file was stored. Continuing to use the drive that held the lost file risks over-writing the data. The next step is to get two tools, a live CD or thumb drive featuring a copy of any mainstream distribution and a spare hard drive. I generally recommend having a large external hard drive that can be used to store recovered files.
Boot the live distribution from your CD or thumb drive and download a copy of the TestDisk suite from your distribution's repository. Next, run the photorec program which is a part of the TestDisk suite. The photorec recovery program can be run by passing the name of a partition to the application. For example, if the file we wish to recover is on the /dev/sda1 partition we can run photorec as follows:
The recovery utility will then walk us through a series of screens asking us questions about the partition where the data was stored and about the type of file (or files) we wish to recover. The utility will then search for deleted files and save them under the current working directory. Any restored files can then be copied back to the drive where they were originally or saved on the external disk. I personally recommend saving recovered files in both locations so there are multiple copies of the data. The TestDisk website has an excellent step-by-step guide for recovering files and covers available options in detail.
|Released Last Week
Dru Lavigne has announced the release of PC-BSD 9.2, an updated version of the project's desktop operating system based on FreeBSD: "The PC-BSD 9.2-RELEASE images are now available for download. Highlights: Based on FreeBSD 9.2-RELEASE; bootable ZFS boot environments - using GRUB2, any new ZFS boot environments created via the 'beadm' command will be added to the bootloader and available at boot time; te-written Life-Preserver utility, it allows you to instantly create ZFS snapshots, restore files, and replicate data to a remote system or mirror to an additional local disk drive; updated installer allows restoring the entire system from a replicated ZFS backup; new boot manager GUI, it allows managing ZFS boot environments and GRUB menus in a single location; switched over to CDN for downloads...." Read the rest of the release announcement for a complete list of changes and upgrade instructions.
Chris Smart has announced the release of Korora 19.1, an updated build of the project's Fedora-based distribution with a choice of GNOME and KDE desktops - and now also available in MATE and Cinnamon flavours: "Today we released Korora 19.1 which is a 3-month update to the original 19 release. Anyone already running Korora doesn't need this; however, if you are planning do any more installs we highly recommend downloading this new release as it includes all updates, a few tweaks and fixes a number of bugs. This release also includes versions of the MATE and Cinnamon desktops which we've created to gauge community interest. The 19.1 release features: all updates at time of release, including KDE 4.11, Linux kernel 3.11.2 and Firefox 24; introduces support for MATE and Cinnamon desktops; replaces RawTherapee raw image editor with darktable...." Here is the brief release announcement with screenshots.
Korora 19.1 - the MATE desktop
(full image size: 2,484kB, screen resolution 1280x1024 pixels)
SparkyLinux 3.1 "E17", "MATE", "Razor-qt"
Paweł Pijanowski has announced the release of SparkyLinux 3.1 "E17", "MATE" and "Razor-qt" editions, a set of Debian-based distributions and live CDs featuring three popular lightweight desktop user interfaces: "SparkyLinux 3.1 'Annagerman' E17, MATE and Razor-qt editions are out. The new ISO images of SparkyLinux provide a few changes and system improvements, similar to last week's release of SparkyLinux 3.1 LXDE, Ultra and CLI: Linux kernel 3.10.11; all packages have been updated from Debian's testing repositories as of 2013-10-05; Sparky Backup System - one more bug fixed, updated up to 0.1.5; Enlightenment 17 desktop is available as a separated ISO image now and it has been updated to version 0.17.3 from Debian's unstable repository; added Teamviewer client, Sparky APTus, Minitube, Gnote, Osmo, Radiotray and Xfburn. New forum for English speakers is also available." Here is the brief release announcement.
ZevenOS 3.3 "Neptune"
Leszek Lesner has announced the release of ZevenOS 3.3 "Neptune" edition, an updated release of the project's Debian-based distribution featuring the KDE 4.11.2 desktop and many popular applications in their latest versions: "The Neptune team is proud to announce the release of Neptune 3.3. This release features Linux kernel 3.10.12 and is exclusively meant to run on 64-bit CPUs. The KDE Plasma Desktop ships with version 4.11.2. Chromium was updated to version 29, VLC to 2.1 and LibreOffice to version 4.1.2. We ship with the latest and greatest multimedia codecs pre-installed, as well as the Flash player. For wireless diagnosis we ship Wireshark, Aircrack-ng and kismon. We made a lot effort in cleaning up the system and removed Eclipse as well as the Muon software center and qapt-deb-installer. We removed pavucontrol which is no longer used as we don't ship PulseAudio. Linux kernel 3.10.12 comes with patched zram to prevent freezes. We also added a renewed quick installation manual." See the release announcement for a list of new features and other details.
Ron Ropp has announced the release of wattOS R7.5, a set of minimalist Ubuntu-based distributions with a choice of LXDE, MATE or pekwm desktop user interfaces: "I am pleased to announce the immediate release wattOS Release 7.5. wattOS R7.5 is a remastered build of Ubuntu 13.04 and is fully compatible with Ubuntu repositories. There are several new exciting things with release 7.5 as there are now three core flavors for you to try: 32-bit and 64-bit LXDE desktop editions; 32-bit Microwatt - lightweight and running customized pekwm; 32-bit and 64-bit MATE-desktop edition. The philosophy is to be minimal but functional and to let you choose what you want to install but to give you a good basic OS with a foundation to customize how you like. Things like printing, user management, multi-monitor support, power management and software management is all installed and ready to be used." Read the rest of the release announcement for more details.
wattOS R7.5 - the "Microwatt" edition featuring the pekwm window manager
(full image size: 1,541kB, screen resolution 1280x1024 pixels)
Bill Reynolds has announced the release of PCLinuxOS 2013.10, the latest round of maintenance updates for the project's "KDE", "MiniMe" and "LXDE" editions: "PCLinuxOS KDE 2013.10 (32/64-bit) is now available for download. With respect to the previous KDE editions these ISO images have the following changes/additions: Linux kernel 3.4.64. KDE 2013.10 has all the additions from MiniME and was built to provide a general-purpose KDE desktop computing environment. The DVD includes popular tools for office, audio, video, graphics, and Internet applications (LibreOffice 4.1.2, GIMP, Skype, Dropbox, VirtualBox, etc.) as well as additional drivers and tools to set up your hardware (graphic card, network, printer, scanner, etc.)." Read the release announcement (the "LXDE" edition was announced in a separate post) for more information and screenshots.
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Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
|DistroWatch.com News (by Ladislav Bodnar)
September 2013 DistroWatch.com donation: Tiny Tiny RSS|
We are happy to announce that the recipient of the September 2013 DistroWatch.com donation is the Tiny Tiny RSS project, an open source, web-based news feed (RSS/Atom) reader and aggregator. It receives €250.00 in cash.
Ever since the untimely death of Google Reader, many users of the popular online feed aggregator have been searching for an alternative. Although there has been an explosion of Reader replacements in recent months, the old adage of "once burnt, twice shy" might have prompted many to consider one of the open-source self-hosting RSS readers that would shield us from the whims of commercial companies or third-party services. Enter Tiny Tiny RSS. As its name suggests, it's a rather small program which you install either on a remote server or a home computer and which works in the background, fetching items of subscribed feeds at pre-determined intervals. It's an excellent piece of software is easy to set up and which offers a simple and intuitive user interface. Developed by Andrew Dolgov, Tiny Tiny RSS is a "a server-side AJAX-powered application licensed under GNU GPLv3. It is self-hosted - control your own data and protect your privacy instead of depending on a cloud service which may be discontinued at any moment." Please visit the project's Wiki pages for a full list of features, setup instructions and download links.
Launched in 2004, this monthly donations programme is a DistroWatch initiative to support free and open-source software projects and operating systems with cash contributions. Readers are welcome to nominate their favourite project for future donations. Those readers who wish to contribute towards these donations, please use our advertising page to make a payment (PayPal, credit cards and Bitcoins are accepted). Here is the list of the projects that have received a DistroWatch donation since the launch of the programme (figures in US dollars):
Since the launch of the Donations Program in March 2004, DistroWatch has donated a total of US$36,805 to various open-source software projects.
- 2004: GnuCash ($250), Quanta Plus ($200), PCLinuxOS ($300), The GIMP ($300), Vidalinux ($200), Fluxbox ($200), K3b ($350), Arch Linux ($300), Kile KDE LaTeX Editor ($100) and UNICEF - Tsunami Relief Operation ($340)
- 2005: Vim ($250), AbiWord ($220), BitTorrent ($300), NDISwrapper ($250), Audacity ($250), Debian GNU/Linux ($420), GNOME ($425), Enlightenment ($250), MPlayer ($400), Amarok ($300), KANOTIX ($250) and Cacti ($375)
- 2006: Gambas ($250), Krusader ($250), FreeBSD Foundation ($450), GParted ($360), Doxygen ($260), LilyPond ($250), Lua ($250), Gentoo Linux ($500), Blender ($500), Puppy Linux ($350), Inkscape ($350), Cape Linux Users Group ($130), Mandriva Linux ($405, a Powerpack competition), Digikam ($408) and Sabayon Linux ($450)
- 2007: GQview ($250), Kaffeine ($250), sidux ($350), CentOS ($400), LyX ($350), VectorLinux ($350), KTorrent ($400), FreeNAS ($350), lighttpd ($400), Damn Small Linux ($350), NimbleX ($450), MEPIS Linux ($300), Zenwalk Linux ($300)
- 2008: VLC ($350), Frugalware Linux ($340), cURL ($300), GSPCA ($400), FileZilla ($400), MythDora ($500), Linux Mint ($400), Parsix GNU/Linux ($300), Miro ($300), GoblinX ($250), Dillo ($150), LXDE ($250)
- 2009: Openbox ($250), Wolvix GNU/Linux ($200), smxi ($200), Python ($300), SliTaz GNU/Linux ($200), LiVES ($300), Osmo ($300), LMMS ($250), KompoZer ($360), OpenSSH ($350), Parted Magic ($350) and Krita ($285)
- 2010: Qimo 4 Kids ($250), Squid ($250), Libre Graphics Meeting ($300), Bacula ($250), FileZilla ($300), GCompris ($352), Xiph.org ($250), Clonezilla ($250), Debian Multimedia ($280), Geany ($300), Mageia ($470), gtkpod ($300)
- 2011: CGSecurity ($300), OpenShot ($300), Imagination ($250), Calibre ($300), RIPLinuX ($300), Midori ($310), vsftpd ($300), OpenShot ($350), Trinity Desktop Environment ($300), LibreCAD ($300), LiVES ($300), Transmission ($250)
- 2012: GnuPG ($350), ImageMagick ($350), GNU ddrescue ($350), Slackware Linux ($500), MATE ($250), LibreCAD ($250), BleachBit ($350), cherrytree ($260), Zim ($335), nginx ($250), LFTP ($250), Remastersys ($300)
- 2013: MariaDB ($300), Linux From Scratch ($350), GhostBSD ($340), DHCP ($300), DOSBox ($250), awesome ($300), DVDStyler ($280), Tor ($350), Tiny Tiny RSS ($350)
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New distributions added to waiting list
- GdNewHat GNU/Linux-libre. GdNewHat GNU/Linux-libre is a "Fedora Remix" with an aim to be a fully free operating system without proprietary software and binary blobs.
- Javalix. Javalix is a Linux-based distribution with a focus on Java software development.
- Raspberry Picture Frame. Raspberry Picture Frame is an operating system for the Raspberry Pi computer which displays images in a slide show format using files stored on a thumb drive.
- SchalamzaarOS. SchalamzaarOS is an openSUSE-based operating system for the micronation of Schalamzaar.
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DistroWatch database summary
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This concludes this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 21 October 2013. To contact the authors please send email to:
- Jesse Smith (feedback, questions and suggestions: distribution reviews, questions and answers, tips and tricks)
- Ladislav Bodnar (feedback, questions, suggestions and corrections: news, donations, distribution submissions, comments)
- Bruce Patterson (feedback and suggestions: podcast edition)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 188.8.131.52, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Issue 763 (2018-05-14): Fedora 28, Debian compatibility coming to Chrome OS, malware found in some Snaps, Debian's many flavours|
|• Issue 762 (2018-05-07): TrueOS 18.03, live upgrading Raspbian, Mint plans future releases, HardenedBSD to switch back to OpenSSL|
|• Issue 761 (2018-04-30): Ubuntu 18.04, accessing ZFS snapshots, UBports to run on Librem 5 phones, Slackware makes PulseAudio optional|
|• Issue 760 (2018-04-23): Chakra 2017.10, using systemd to hide files, Netrunner's ARM edition, Debian 10 roadmap, Microsoft develops Linux-based OS|
|• Issue 759 (2018-04-16): Neptune 5.0, building containers with Red Hat, antiX introduces Sid edition, fixing filenames on the command line|
|• Full list of all issues|
Star Labs - Laptops built for Linux.
View our range including the Star Lite, Star LabTop and more. Available with a choice of Ubuntu or Linux Mint pre-installed with many more distributions supported. Visit Star Labs for information, to buy and get support.
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wattOS is a fast desktop Linux distribution based on Ubuntu. Using the lightweight Openbox window manager as its default user interface, the distribution strives to be as energy-efficient as possible so that it can be used on low-specification and recycled computers.