| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 301, 4 May 2009
Welcome to this year's 18th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! Last week we took a look at how two distributions based on the same environment and one a derivative of the other, can actually be very different. Xubuntu and Debian both use the same package management system and both have the same suites of software available. So what makes them so different when installed out of the box? Can Xubuntu be just as lightweight as its Debian counterpart? This week we take another look at how Xubuntu 9.04 fairs when installed in a more minimalist manner. In the news this past week, Mandriva developers make massive updates to "Cooker" following the stable 2009.1 release, four main BSD projects all announce new updates of their flagship products, the openSUSE community releases updated media for 11.1 with KDE 4.2.2, users of the Arch Linux distribution put together a free community magazine, the creator of Puppy Linux looks set for a return to the helm of the project, and Oracle's Solaris (no, the name doesn't roll off the tongue easily here either) is rumoured to be working on version 11 set for release in the middle of 2010. Finally, we are pleased to announce that the recipient of the April 2009 DistroWatch.com donation is Python, the popular programming language. Happy reading!
- Feature: Minimal Xubuntu 9.04
- News: Mandriva 2009.1 and beyond, why use NetBSD, updated openSUSE 11.1 install media, Ubuntu releases as social events, Arch Linux magazine, Barry Kauler on Puppy 5.0, Solaris 11, choosing a distribution
- Released last week: Mandriva Linux 2009.1, FreeBSD 7.2, OpenBSD 4.5, NetBSD 5.0
- Upcoming releases: Linux Mint 7 RC1, BlankOn 5.0
- Donations: Python receives US$300
- New additions: CAINE
- Reader comments
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in OGG (42MB) and MP3 (44MB) formats
Join us at irc.freenode.net #distrowatch
Minimal Xubuntu 9.04
Last week we took a look at how two distributions can be so very different even though they are based on the same technology (and even the same distribution). What we found was that the Ubuntu variant, Xubuntu, which comes with the Xfce desktop, used more than twice the amount of memory over Debian's implementation of the same desktop. The major difference came at the time of loading the desktop, where Xubuntu used almost ten times as much memory. Yes, almost 10 times (well, actually around 9.314705882 times). So why? Where does all this extra usage come from? Essentially it is due to Xubuntu's use of numerous services from the Ubuntu desktop environment, such as their graphical package manager and updater, network manager, power manager, proprietary driver manager and more, all of which use more memory. Debian on the other, chooses to use the software which comes with Xfce by default.
So, does that mean all is lost? Not at all! The comparison was between two end products - Xubuntu 9.04 and Debian 5.0.1 Xfce. As you can see not all products are created equal, but there's no reason as to why we cannot perform a more customised Xubuntu install. This would allow us to pick and choose the packages we want, therefore making it more lightweight. DistroWatch has previously published a few other similar HOWTOs, one for minimalist Ubuntu 8.10 and another for minimalist openSUSE 11.1. If your computer is a desktop machine which sits on a local network, why does your system need a resource-hungry service like NetworkManager? If you don't have any hardware in your machine which needs proprietary drivers, then why have jockey installed? As you will see, Xubuntu can be just as lightweight as Debian!
To do this, it's best to start from a small base and work your way you up. If you'd prefer to install the full Xubuntu and then reduce it, you can do that too! The main down side is that you need to know what the major packages are in order to remove them and their dependencies. Some packages will share the same dependencies, so removing one package will not remove the dependencies of the other, which is of little benefit. It will not be as lean as starting from a small base and working your way up, but it does have the benefit of not needing to perform the more tricky ncurses based install. Remember that if you start with a basic system, you can always get the full desktop by installing the xubuntu-desktop meta package. In fact, this is a great way to work out what packages included in the full Xubuntu desktop are missing from your minimal install. Running this command will show what packages Xubuntu wants to pull in, which you can then take note of and install the ones you want manually.
Xubuntu 9.04 command-line install
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Get yourself an Alternate Install CD of any Ubuntu 9.04 flavour and boot to it. At the boot prompt, press the F4 key to bring up the install mode submenu. Using your keyboard, select Install a command-line system. Once the system has booted to the text based installer you are ready to begin. Select your language, location and then configure your keyboard. If you are using DHCP to automatically assign network addresses then you should receive an address, else you will need to configure your network manually. Enter a hostname and configure the clock. Partitioning your hard drive should be the same as other installs, just take extra care if you're not using a blank new hard drive. Create a new user, enabling an encrypted private directory if you wish. Set the clock and reboot the computer. You should now have a minimal Xubuntu install which we are going to tweak further.
This basic system was just a terminal login and needed a minimal Xfce environment for comparison to the others. To achieve this, I needed the following packages; X.Org, the GNOME Desktop Manager and Xfce itself. These were easily installed with the following command:
$ sudo apt-get install xorg gdm xfce4 xfce4-goodies
After the installation was complete, rebooting the system booted to Ubuntu's GNOME Desktop Manager which allowed a log in to Xfce. Naturally at this point the system is very bare, but it represents the most basic Xfce system available. This is the system that is compared in the tables below as Xubuntu 9.04 (Minimal). The other test that I did was to install all the same packages that Debian Xfce installs to get their desktop, but under Xubuntu. These results are also in the table below as Xubuntu 9.04 (Debian package list).
Xubuntu 9.04 Minimal Xfce desktop
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So how does this base install compare? Last week we saw that the major difference comes when Xubuntu loads the Xfce desktop. You can see this has been substantially reduced and is much more close to the times under Debian.
|Xubuntu 9.04 (Minimal)
|Xubuntu 9.04 (Debian package list)
|Xubuntu 9.04 (Minimal)
|Xubuntu 9.04 (Debian package list)
So, the basic Xubuntu install with X.Org, GDM and Xfce is very similar to the default Debian Xfce system. From there, one can begin to expand the environment to make it prettier and to add functionality as required. As mentioned, I also tested Xubuntu by installing the same packages as Debian. When this happened, Xubuntu starts to once again increase its memory usage. Debian's default Xfce system installs 627 packages, while a command-line Xubuntu system with that same package list installed has 807 packages. This suggests that the binaries under Xubuntu are built against a greater number of libraries, which therefore pull in more dependencies. The benefit is broader compatibility and functionality, at the cost of efficiency.
The complete Xubuntu desktop does look stunning, so to get that look from a minimal install one simply needs to install the xubuntu-default-settings meta package. This will then pull in all the artwork and packages required and configure the system, giving that lovely looking desktop. Keep in mind that while extras are pulled in from Xubuntu, they will start to increase the amount of memory used. The base install is pretty nice and light, but what happens when I start adding some of the packages included in the default Xubuntu install? Some of the services that Xubuntu includes out of the box which contribute to its extra memory usage are: the artwork including Usplash, NetworkManager, the GNOME application installer and system updater, the proprietary driver manager, Jockey, and the power manager from GNOME. I installed each of these in order, to see how much extra memory was consumed at each step.
These numbers are very approximate, but you can see that the more you introduce, the more resources you need. Keep it simple by adding what you need, or removing what you don't.
- The package xubuntu-default-settings, which pulls in usplash and artwork, etc, increased memory usage by around 15MB.
- The package network-manager, which pulls in avahi, bluetooth, cups, samba-common, wpa_supplicant, etc, increased memory usage by around 10MB.
- The package gnome-power-manager, which pulls in gvfs, gnome-mount, etc, increased memory usage by 3MB.
- The package update-notifier, which pulls in launchpad-integration, snaptic, update-manager, etc, increased memory usage by around 8MB.
- The package gnome-app-install, which pulls in GNOME icons, python-launchpad-integration, etc, increased memory usage by around 9MB
- The package jockey-gtk, which pulls in nvidia-common, scripts, python-inotify, etc, increased memory usage by around 11MB.
Xubuntu is a great distribution, but its default selection of packages does not necessarily suit itself to low-memory systems. By performing a command-line install and building from there, users can achieve a much more lightweight system while still taking advantage of all that Xubuntu has to offer. This method provides an install that is much closer to the Debian system we compared Xubuntu with last week. Out of the box, these two systems are very different, but break them down to the core and they are much more evenly matched. One of the great things about Linux is that you're not stuck with what someone tells you to use. You have choice and you have the freedom to make your system whatever you want it to be!
Mandriva 2009.1 and beyond, why use NetBSD, updated openSUSE 11.1 install media, Ubuntu releases as social events, Arch Linux magazine, Barry Kauler on Puppy 5.0, Solaris 11, choosing a distribution
The biggest news of the week was, of course, the release of Mandriva Linux 2009.1. While the event did not attract nearly as much interest as the release of Ubuntu 9.04 a week earlier, there is no doubt that the once most popular desktop Linux distribution still has many loyal followers. One of the interesting features in the commercial "Powerpack" edition (available from Mandriva Store for €49) is the "Click and Backup" feature which makes it very easy to upload up to 20 GB of data to a remote server, hosted by RackSpace. Mandriva developer Fabrice Facorat blogs about this feature (in French), while also mentioning a few interesting changes in the orientation of Mandriva. These include more emphasis on portable computers, such as netbooks and mobile Internet devices with "instant-on" capabilities, a possible entry into the free BIOS market, and a MIPS edition of Mandriva Linux for the Gdium project. However, the same developer also wonders why there is so little official communication from Mandriva about the new release and the company's future plans. Finally, to conclude the series of Mandriva-related information, here is one more from Frederik Himpe: Mandriva's development branch, better known as "Cooker", has been updated and it now includes a pre-release build of KDE 4.3 and many other package updates.
Mandriva Linux 2009.1 comes with a highly customised KDE 4.2.2 desktop.
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It doesn't happen often that all four principal BSD operating systems release new versions at the same time, but such was the constellation of stars last week that that's exactly what happened. New stable releases of FreeBSD 7.2, OpenBSD 4.5, NetBSD 5.0 and DragonFly BSD 2.2.1 were made available within days of each other, providing BSD enthusiasts with a very busy week of installing, testing and upgrading. We haven't seen any good reviews so far, but an interesting thread on Slashdot, prompted by a "Why NetBSD" question, gives a useful insight into the reasons for choosing to run the most portable operating system there is: "I believe NetBSD 5.0 is a major turn of tide. Compared to 4.0, this is definitely a new chapter. We here at $DAYJOB have made extensive evaluation of the NetBSD 5.0 pre-releases and it is looking very good indeed. Our internal benchmarks show that for our typical workload, performance of NetBSD is now comparable to that of Linux and FreeBSD. It is very likely that we will be rolling the next big-iron production line solely with NetBSD again." Disappointingly, NetBSD 5.0 still doesn't compare well with Linux when it comes to ease of use as a desktop operating system, but there is hope: "Admittedly, on the desktop, NetBSD is still more work than it should be. It's about the same as the other BSDs, and not so different from a basic Debian install, for example. There's a growing realization in the NetBSD community that 'making it easier' to get a functional modern desktop environment running is worthwhile."
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The next release of openSUSE is a long way away, but that hasn't stopped the community from wanting the latest and greatest. openSUSE 11.1 KDE Reloaded is a re-spun image of the current 11.1 release, complete with an updated KDE 4.2.2 and all other packages, fixes included. Community Manager Joe Brockmeirer writes: "This is an installable live CD that features the KDE 4.2.2 packages from the openSUSE Build Service repository. The live CD was created by Stephan Binner, and is useful for people who want to test out KDE 4.2 and users who are doing new installs and want the most recent openSUSE updates straight out of the box." Although not an official release, it does provide users with an easy way to install an up-to-date openSUSE system, thanks to their Online Build service. This announcement also served as a reminder for those tracking the unofficial KDE4 repositories that they must change to the newly created KDE:42 repo as the other will soon start receiving experimental builds of KDE 4.3.
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Across the globe last week, thousands of fans and users of Ubuntu celebrated the release of Jaunty Jackalope at over 100 release parties. Guy Thouret attended one such party in his home town in the United Kingdom and was amazed by what he found: "It wasn't just a room full of netbook wielding techies in Ubuntu T-shirts either, though there were many of those. There were a lot of, well, normal people. Ubuntu seems to have achieved what no other Linux distro has done before and has broken free of the tech community to be embraced by the masses." Due to Ubuntu's ability to handle the generally more complex issues of Linux distros, like installing proprietary drivers and codecs, it has been well received by technical and non-technical people alike. Thouret continues in his observations: "The important point to take from this is that Ubuntu has built up an increasing following and a 6-month release cycle is the key to stimulating ongoing interest. While the more tech savvy members of the community can get excited about the innovations every 6 months, everyone can get excited about each release just being new. Everybody knows that new is better, especially when you can all get together and celebrate with beer."
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Users of one of the popular minimalist distribution, Arch Linux, have joined forces to create a monthly community magazine. Daniel Griffiths writes: "We recently started an independent project related to Arch Linux called "Arch User Magazine". It is a free magazine designed for the Arch Linux community. Although at this time we have no official affiliation with Arch Linux, we are supported by the community and developers." The magazine will concentrate on all things related to Arch Linux, with tips, tricks and news on what has been happening in their world. The first two issues of the magazine are available, with technical discussions on Arch's init scripts, how to harden SSH, and on using grep on the command line. With the release of issue one, Griffiths calls for help: "The lack of contributors at the moment means I have to do all the work myself and I'm only so creative. Hence, submit ideas, articles, whatever! Help us out so that Arch User Magazine can grow to its full potential!" Anyone interested in contributing should contact the project.
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Barry Kauler has created one of the most popular distributions for low-end hardware, Puppy Linux. He gave up control of the project some six months ago to follow some other ideas he had and that's when Woof was born - a meta-distribution that lets users create a Puppy-like distro by pulling in packages from other distributions. Currently Woof supports Debian GNU/Linux, Ubuntu, Arch Linux and Slackware Linux. Recently, however, there has been growing concern about the direction and leadership of Puppy Linux, now that Kauler is no longer involved. As a result, Kauler has asked the developers whether he should come back to once again take control and steer the project in the right direction. He has offered to return in a temporary capacity to kick off the new 5.0 releases and then hand over to a council to continue the work. He writes: "Perhaps I should coordinate the very first Puppy 5.0. After that, a 'council' or whatever can work on later versions of the 5.x series. That first 5.0 could be seen as a 'template' or 'reference build', and others would be welcome to add bells and whistles." He also mentions that he has been busy working away at various Puppy technologies such as the package manager, but is not interested in leading the project long term.
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Although Sun Microsystems has been purchased by Oracle and many are wondering what the future of Sun's projects will be, it appears that Solaris 11 is on track for release in the middle of 2010. In an article on the subject, Timothy Morgan of The Register writes: "The number and gee-whizness of features Sun Microsystems is putting into updates to both the Solaris 10 commercial operating system and the related OpenSolaris development release of Solaris are slowing. That's the best indication that Nevada -- the code name for Solaris Next or Solaris 11 or whatever you want to call it -- is getting closer to release. Closer doesn't mean close, however. According to sources speaking to The Reg, Sun is quietly telling customers that Solaris 11 is targeted for launch sometime around the middle of 2010." The author continues: "Sun continues to kick out semi-annual updates to the current Solaris 10 commercial release, and today the 5/09 update appeared." Solaris is based on Sun's open source operating system, OpenSolaris, which is also scheduled for a new release next month.
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The open source community is often divided as to whether the number of distributions, and the variety of choice that exists is a good thing or not. Linus Torvalds made his own opinion perfectly clear in an interview with DistroWatch earlier in the year: "I think multiple distributions aren't just a good thing, I think it's something absolutely required! We have hundreds of distros, and a lot of them are really for niche markets. And you need that - simply because different markets simply have different requirements, and no single distro will take care of them all." If you're still looking for that distro to get you started or one that better suits your needs, the experts at TuxRadar have an in-depth article to help you decide: "Choice is the best thing about Linux. Without choice, we may as well use an operating system where the developers make those choices for us," they write. "There is a flip side to all this choice, however, and that's finding the time to find the perfect distribution for you. You really need to try several before setting on the one you prefer, and downloading, installing and testing a Linux distribution takes a lot of time".
|Released Last Week
Calculate Linux 9.5
Alexander Tratsevskiy has announced the release of Calculate Linux Desktop 9.5, a Gentoo-based desktop Linux distribution with KDE 4: "Calculate Linux Desktop 9.5 released. Main changes: supported languages now include English, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian and French; fast system boot; convert to LZMA compression; convert to OpenRC services management system, installation support on ext4 file system option added; simplified installation; language tool extension added to OpenOffice.org grammar check; added Cuneiform-Qt, a graphical interface for Cuneiform OCR systems, added Kdenlive video editing program; replaced StartDict with QStarDict." Here is the complete release announcement.
Calculate Linux 9.5 - an installable live DVD based on Gentoo Linux
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Sabayon Linux 4.1 "KDE"
Fabio Erculiani has announced the release of Sabayon Linux 4.1 "KDE" edition: "On the behalf of the Sabayon Linux team, we are happy to announce the immediate availability of Sabayon Linux 4.1 KDE. Distribution features: based on Sabayon Linux 4 LiteMCE; custom Linux kernel 126.96.36.199; ext4 is now the default file system; complete KDE 4.2.2 environment; OpenOffice.org 3.0.1; Compiz and Compiz Fusion 0.8.2; X.Org 7.4 supporting latest AMD and NVIDIA video cards; multimedia applications (audio, video, DVD ripping, file sharing); media center mode, transforming your Sabayon into a complete multimedia platform thanks to XBMC. Major changes since Sabayon 4: improved boot speed; NetworkManager 0.7; GRUB now supports UUID; installer now detects other Linux distributions...." Read the rest of the release announcement for more information.
Sabayon Linux 4.1 ships with KDE 4 as the default desktop.
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Mandriva Linux 2009.1
Mandriva Linux 2009.1 has been released: "Mandriva announces today the launch of the final version of Mandriva Linux 2009.1. Quicker, easier and even more secure, this new version brings you a host of innovative features. Main components: KDE 4.2.2, GNOME 2.26, X.Org Server 1.6, Linux kernel 2.6.29, Xfce 4.6. Mandriva Linux 2009.1 comes with a big improvement in boot time and the Mandriva Control Center tools have been also optimized. Network center is now supporting advanced network configuration, together with additional pre-configured Internet providers, integration with new network devices and support for different wireless regulatory domains. The Mandriva security framework, msec, has been also redesigned. The ext4 file system is now supported in stable version and available during installation." Read the release announcement, product overview and release notes for further details.
The NetBSD project has announced the release of NetBSD 5.0: "The NetBSD project is pleased to announce that NetBSD 5.0, the thirteenth release of the NetBSD operating system, is now available. NetBSD 5.0 features greatly improved performance and scalability on modern multiprocessor (SMP) and multi-core systems. In addition to scalability and performance improvements, a significant number of major features have been added. Some highlights are: a preview of metadata journaling for FFS file systems (known as WAPBL), the jemalloc memory allocator, X.Org instead of XFree86 on a number of ports, the Power Management Framework, ACPI suspend/resume support on many laptops, write support for UDF file systems...." See the release announcement and release notes for a full list of changes and new features.
DragonFly BSD 2.2.1
Matthew Dillon has announced the release of DragonFly BSD 2.2.1, a BSD operating system originally forked from FreeBSD 4: "The new 2.2 release includes Hammer, a file system that includes instant crash recovery, multi-volume file systems, data integrity checking, fine grained history retention, and the ability to mirror data to other volumes. It has undergone extensive stress-testing and is considered production-ready!" Other changes include: "Fixes for libthread_xu: MAP_STACK and an errno leak; fixed an installworld failure due to kernel fixes and a libthread_xu issue; installer now works correctly in the console, and properly creates device files if they don't exist; updates for msdosfs, pax(1), and magic(3); allowed uid/gid/flags changes to fail if running cpdup as a user...." Read the full release notes for additional details.
Theo de Raadt has announced the release of OpenBSD 4.5: "We are pleased to announce the official release of OpenBSD 4.5. This is our 25th release on CD-ROM (and 26th via FTP). As in our previous releases, 4.5 provides significant improvements, including new features, in nearly all areas of the system: Initial ports to the xscale-based gumstix platform and the ARM-based OpenMoko; improved hardware support and several new or improved drivers for sensors; new tools - ypldap, an YP server using LDAP as a backend; malloc has gained new attack mitigation measures; install now allows multiple interfaces to be configured with DHCP; OpenSSH 5.2; over 5,500 ports, minor robustness improvements in package tools; major components - Xenocara (based on X.Org 7.4), GCC 2.95.3 and 3.3.5, Perl 5.10.0; our improved and secured version of Apache 1.3, with SSL/TLS...." Read the rest of the release announcement for a detailed list of all changes and improvements.
Kiwi Linux 9.04
Jani Monoses has announced the release of Kiwi Linux 9.04, an Ubuntu-based distribution enhanced with some non-free components and optimised for Romanian and Hungarian users: "Kiwi Linux 9.04 is a desktop distribution based on Ubuntu 9.04 for the i386 architecture. Differences from Ubuntu 9.04: the supported languages on the CD are English, Hungarian and Romanian; GUI for pppoeconf and support for Speedtouch 330 USB ADSL modem firmware; a graphical tool for restoring GRUB boot menus lost after installing other operating systems; Evolution removed, no mail client at all on the CD; Flash plugin and GStreamer codecs for restricted audio and video formats; encrypted DVD playback via libdvdcss2; Compiz extra settings GUI; p7zip, unrar. The Medibuntu repositories are enabled by default to allow installing w32codecs, Skype and Google Earth, among others." Here are the brief release notes.
Ken Smith has announced the release of FreeBSD 7.2: "The FreeBSD Release Engineering team is pleased to announce the availability of FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE. This is the third release from the 7-STABLE branch which improves on the functionality of FreeBSD 7.1 and introduces some new features. Some of the highlights: support for fully transparent use of superpages for application memory; support for multiple IPv4 and IPv6 addresses for jails; csup(1) now supports CVSMode to fetch a complete CVS repository; GNOME updated to 2.26, KDE updated to 4.2.2; sparc64 now supports UltraSparc-III processors. FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE is now available for the amd64, i386, ia64, pc98, powerpc, and sparc64 architectures." Read the release announcement and release notes for a detailed list of changes.
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Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
April 2009 DistroWatch.com donation: Python receives US$300.00|
We are happy to announce that the recipient of the April 2009 DistroWatch.com donation is Python (or more precisely, Python Software Foundation), a powerful programming language, freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use. It receives US$300 in cash.
There can't be many open source enthusiasts who need an introduction to Python, but for those who aren't familiar with its main features, here is the list, as published on the project's about page: "Very clear, readable syntax; strong introspection capabilities; intuitive object orientation; natural expression of procedural code; full modularity, supporting hierarchical packages; exception-based error handling; very high level dynamic data types; extensive standard libraries and third party modules for virtually every task; extensions and modules easily written in C, C++ (or Java for Jython, or .NET languages for IronPython); embeddable within applications as a scripting interface."
Upon receiving the donation, Python Software Foundation sent a "thank you" email to DistroWatch: "Thank you very much for your cash contribution of $300.00 USD that the Python Software Foundation (PSF) received on 03-May-2009. We would like to express our appreciation for your willingness to support the PSF. Your contribution will be put to good use and help further the development, acceptance and awareness of the Python programming language in the IT world. Kurt B. Kaiser, Treasurer, Python Software Foundation."
As always, this monthly donations program is a joint initiative between DistroWatch and two online shops selling low-cost CDs and DVDs with Linux, BSD and other open source software - LinuxCD.org and OSDisc.com. These vendors contributed US$50.00 each towards this month's donation to Python.
Here is the list of projects that received a DistroWatch donation since the launch of the program (figures in US dollars):
Since the launch of the Donations Program in March 2004, DistroWatch has donated a total of US$20,733 to various open source software projects.
- 2004: GnuCash ($250), Quanta Plus ($200), PCLinuxOS ($300), The GIMP ($300), Vidalinux ($200), Fluxbox ($200), K3b ($350), Arch Linux ($300), Kile KDE LaTeX Editor ($100) and UNICEF - Tsunami Relief Operation ($340)
- 2005: Vim ($250), AbiWord ($220), BitTorrent ($300), NdisWrapper ($250), Audacity ($250), Debian GNU/Linux ($420), GNOME ($425), Enlightenment ($250), MPlayer ($400), Amarok ($300), KANOTIX ($250) and Cacti ($375)
- 2006: Gambas ($250), Krusader ($250), FreeBSD Foundation ($450), GParted ($360), Doxygen ($260), LilyPond ($250), Lua ($250), Gentoo Linux ($500), Blender ($500), Puppy Linux ($350), Inkscape ($350), Cape Linux Users Group ($130), Mandriva Linux ($405, a Powerpack competition), Digikam ($408) and SabayonLinux ($450)
- 2007: GQview ($250), Kaffeine ($250), sidux ($350), CentOS ($400), LyX ($350), VectorLinux ($350), KTorrent ($400), FreeNAS ($350), lighttpd ($400), Damn Small Linux ($350), NimbleX ($450), MEPIS Linux ($300), Zenwalk Linux ($300)
- 2008: VLC ($350), Frugalware Linux ($340), cURL ($300), GSPCA ($400), FileZilla ($400), MythDora ($500), Linux Mint ($400), Parsix GNU/Linux ($300), Miro ($300), GoblinX ($250), Dillo ($150), LXDE ($250)
- 2009: Openbox ($250), Wolvix GNU/Linux ($200), smxi ($200), Python ($300)
* * * * *
New distributions added to database
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DistroWatch database summary
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And this concludes the latest issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 11 May 2009.
If you've enjoyed this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly, please consider sending us a tip.
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|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 746 (2018-01-15): deepin 15.5, openSUSE's YaST improvements, new Ubuntu 17.10 media, details on Spectre and Meltdown bugs|
|• Issue 745 (2018-01-08): GhostBSD 11.1, Linspire and Freespire return, wide-spread CPU bugs patched, adding AppImage launchers to the application menu|
|• Issue 744 (2018-01-01): MX Linux 17, Ubuntu pulls media over BIOS bug, PureOS gets endorsed by the FSF, openSUSE plays with kernel boot splash screens|
|• Issue 743 (2017-12-18): Daphile 17.09, tools for rescuing files, Fedora Modular Server delayed, Sparky adds ARM support, Slax to better support wireless networking|
|• Issue 742 (2017-12-11): heads 0.3.1, improvements coming to Tails, Void tutorials, Ubuntu phasing out Python 2, manipulating images from the command line|
|• Issue 741 (2017-12-04): Pop!_OS 17.10, openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots, installing Q4OS on a Windows partition, using the at command|
|• Issue 740 (2017-11-27): Artix Linux, Unity spin of Ubuntu, Nitrux swaps Snaps for AppImage, getting better battery life on Linux|
|• Issue 739 (2017-11-20): Fedora 27, cross-distro software ports, Ubuntu on Samsung phones, Red Hat supports ARM, Parabola continues 32-bit support|
|• Issue 738 (2017-11-13): SparkyLinux 5.1, rumours about spyware, Slax considers init software, Arch drops 32-bit packages, overview of LineageOS|
|• Issue 737 (2017-11-06): BeeFree OS 18.1.2, quick tips to fix common problems, Slax returning, Solus plans MATE and software management improvements|
|• Issue 736 (2017-10-30): Ubuntu 17.10, "what if" security questions, Linux Mint to support Flatpak, NetBSD kernel memory protection|
|• Issue 735 (2017-10-23): ArchLabs Minimo, building software with Ravenports, WPA security patch, Parabola creates OpenRC spin|
|• Issue 734 (2017-10-16): Star 1.0.1, running the Linux-libre kernel, Ubuntu MATE experiments with snaps, Debian releases new install media, Purism reaches funding goal|
|• Issue 733 (2017-10-09): KaOS 2017.09, 32-bit prematurely obsoleted, Qubes security features, IPFire updates Apache|
|• Issue 732 (2017-10-02): ClonOS, reducing Snap package size, Ubuntu dropping 32-bit Desktop, partitioning disks for ZFS|
|• Issue 731 (2017-09-25): BackSlash Linux Olaf, W3C adding DRM to web standards, Wayland support arrives in Mir, Debian experimenting with AppArmor|
|• Issue 730 (2017-09-18): Mageia 6, running a completely free OS, HAMMER2 file system in DragonFly BSD's installer, Manjaro to ship pre-installed on laptops|
|• Issue 729 (2017-09-11): Parabola GNU/Linux-libre, running Plex Media Server on a Raspberry Pi, Tails feature roadmap, a cross-platform ports build system|
|• Issue 728 (2017-09-04): Nitrux 1.0.2, SUSE creates new community repository, remote desktop tools for GNOME on Wayland, using Void source packages|
|• Issue 727 (2017-08-28): Cucumber Linux 1.0, using Flatpak vs Snap, GNOME previews Settings panel, SUSE reaffirms commitment to Btrfs|
|• Issue 726 (2017-08-21): Redcore Linux 1706, Solus adds Snap support, KaOS getting hardened kernel, rolling releases and BSD|
|• Issue 725 (2017-08-14): openSUSE 42.3, Debian considers Flatpak for backports, changes coming to Ubuntu 17.10, the state of gaming on Linux|
|• Issue 724 (2017-08-07): SwagArch 2017.06, Myths about Unity, Mir and Ubuntu Touch, Manjaro OpenRC becomes its own distro, Debian debates future of live ISOs|
|• Issue 723 (2017-07-31): UBOS 11, transferring packages between systems, Ubuntu MATE's HUD, GNUstep releases first update in seven years|
|• Issue 722 (2017-07-24): Calculate Linux 17.6, logging sudo usage, Remix OS discontinued, interview with Chris Lamb, Debian 9.1 released|
|• Issue 721 (2017-07-17): Fedora 26, finding source based distributions, installing DragonFly BSD using Orca, Yunit packages ported to Ubuntu 16.04|
|• Issue 720 (2017-07-10): Peppermint OS 8, gathering system information with osquery, new features coming to openSUSE, Tails fixes networking bug|
|• Issue 719 (2017-07-03): Manjaro 17.0.2, tracking ISO files, Ubuntu MATE unveils new features, Qubes tests Admin API, Fedora's Atomic Host gets new life cycle|
|• Issue 718 (2017-06-26): Debian 9, support for older hardware, Debian updates live media, Ubuntu's new networking tool, openSUSE gains MP3 support|
|• Issue 717 (2017-06-19): SharkLinux, combining commands in the shell, Debian 9 flavours released, OpenBSD improving kernel security, UBports releases first OTA update|
|• Issue 716 (2017-06-12): Slackel 7.0, Ubuntu working with GNOME on HiDPI, openSUSE 42.3 using rolling development model, exploring kernel blobs|
|• Issue 715 (2017-06-05): Devuan 1.0.0, answering questions on systemd, Linux Mint plans 18.2 beta, Yunit/Unity 8 ported to Debian|
|• Issue 714 (2017-05-29): Void, enabling Wake-on-LAN, Solus packages KDE, Debian 9 release date, Ubuntu automated bug reports|
|• Issue 713 (2017-05-22): ROSA Fresh R9, Fedora's new networking features, FreeBSD's Quarterly Report, UBports opens app store, Parsix to shut down, SELinux overview|
|• Issue 712 (2017-05-15): NixOS 17.03, Alpha Litebook running elementary OS, Canonical considers going public, Solus improves Bluetooth support|
|• Issue 711 (2017-05-08): 4MLinux 21.0, checking file system fragmentation, new Mint and Haiku features, pfSense roadmap, OpenBSD offers first syspatch updates|
|• Issue 710 (2017-05-01): TrueOS 2017-02-22, Debian ported to RISC-V, Halium to unify mobile GNU/Linux, Anbox runs Android apps on GNU/Linux, using ZFS on the root file system|
|• Issue 709 (2017-04-24): Ubuntu 17.04, Korora testing new software manager, Ubuntu migrates to Wayland, running Nix package manager on alternative distributions|
|• Issue 708 (2017-04-17): Maui Linux 17.03, Snaps run on Fedora, Void adopts Flatpak, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Debian elects Project Leader|
|• Issue 707 (2017-04-10): PCLinuxOS 2017.03, Canonical stops Unity development, OpenBSD on a Raspberry Pi, setting up a VPN for privacy|
|• Issue 706 (2017-04-03): Super Grub2 Disk, Snap packages of deepin applications, Subgraph OS routes network traffic for one application, announcements from Linux Mint|
|• Issue 705 (2017-03-27): Minimal Linux Live, sharing control of the operating system, new KaOS features, Uplos32 provides 32-bit fork of PCLinuxOS|
|• Issue 704 (2017-03-20): ToarusOS 1.0.4, Linux Mint's security record, Debian starts Project Leader election, Ubuntu 12.04 reaches end-of-life|
|• Issue 703 (2017-03-13): SolydXK 201701, CloudReady, Solus announces new features, KDE Connect sends text messages from desktop, openSUSE's YaST module for Let's Encrypt|
|• Issue 702 (2017-03-06): Fatdog64 Linux, elementary OS bundled with new netbook, Haiku announces new features, security and the size of a distro's development team|
|• Issue 701 (2017-02-27): OBRevenge 2017.02, Mageia 6 delays, NetBSD reproducible builds, questions about swap space, trying to steam video on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 700 (2017-02-20): RaspBSD, Debian replaces Icedove with Thunderbird, Fedora's licensing guidlines, tips for switching shells, finding battery charge, getting IP address and killing processes|
|• Issue 699 (2017-02-13): Clear Linux, GhostBSD network utility ported to FreeBSD, Ubuntu coming to Fairphone, elementary OS crowd funding an app store|
|• Issue 698 (2017-02-06): Solus 2017.01.01, comparing containers with portable applicatins, Tails dropping 32-bit support, Debian Stretch enters freeze|
|• Issue 697 (2017-01-30): Subgraph OS 2016.12.30, running Ubuntu on an Android phone, Arch Linux phasing out 32-bit support, Linux Mint testing updated LMDE media|
|• Issue 696 (2017-01-23): GoboLinux 016, remotely running desktop applications, Solus adopting Flatpak, KDE neon using Calamares, TrueOS tests OpenRC|
|• Issue 695 (2017-01-16): Zorin OS 12, Peppermint team fixes installer bug, Debian refreshes Jessie media, Ubuntu improves low graphics mode, Exciting things coming in 2017|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Chapeau is a high-performance, cutting-edge operating system built from the GNU/Linux distribution Fedora Workstation with the GNOME desktop environment. In comparison to Fedora, Chapeau adopts a more relaxed approach to software licences and is intended to be just as useful for advanced users as it is easy for those new to using a Linux system. There is built-in access to third-party software and sources repositories not included in Fedora such as RPMFusion, DropBox, Steam, Adobe Flash and Oracle VirtualBox. Chapeau also includes pre-installed core packages to make the installation of new kernel modules pain-free, built-in remote and virtual system management tools, a selection of maintenance tools that come in especially handy when running Chapeau's live image on a DVD or USB drive to analyse and fix broken systems.