| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 224, 15 October 2007
Welcome to this year's 42nd issue of DistroWatch Weekly! Following the openSUSE 10.3 release two weeks ago and the new Mandriva Linux 2008 announced last Tuesday, the rapid succession of major Linux distribution versions continues this week with Ubuntu 7.10. Will the developers of these projects succeed in enticing more computer users to switch to Linux? Chris Smart tries to answer the question in the upcoming issues of DistroWatch Weekly by reviewing these new products - today he installs openSUSE 10.3 on his trusty MacBook to see how it fares. In the news section: Mandriva simplifies its product range, Ubuntu prepares for another download rush, and Fedora embraces artwork developed by the user community. Finally, don't miss two interesting interviews with Lucas Villa Real from GoboLinux and Gerard Beekmans from the Linux From Scratch project. Happy reading!
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A look at openSUSE 10.3 (by Chris Smart)
It has been a while since I used SUSE for any great length of time. I've been trying it on and off for a number of years, just to see what progress they've been making and how it all runs. For people who are new to Linux, the idea of a GUI configuration tool for the system is a comforting one. openSUSE comes with YaST, which is probably the most powerful and complete configuration system in any distro. I was most pleased to discover a multitude of improvements that came with this new release.
I also don't think I've ever come across a more polished looking distribution than openSUSE. Many other distros have come a long way in this regard (Fedora 7 and PCLinuxOS for example), but in my opinion openSUSE still stands out as the clear leader. The included GNOME desktop also looks amazing, although I'm sure hardcore GNOME lovers will argue it just makes it look like KDE ;). For a long time now SUSE has been the envy of many a distribution. Everything in openSUSE is well integrated, from their splash screens (which are amazingly simple, yet stunning) to the login managers, menu systems and the desktop itself. Simply gorgeous!
openSUSE 10.3 - the boot loader
(full image size: 154kB, screen resolution: 800x600 pixels)
The last number of openSUSE releases have seemed too rushed, resulting in some nasty bugs and a less than polished feel. Version 10.2 was probably what 10.1 should have been and while it didn't seem to bring many new features and enhancements, it was a welcome replacement for 10.1. This latest version, 10.3, comes off the same production line, but in my opinion is a much better release. As usual, it comes with the latest stable versions of both the GNOME and KDE desktops and also includes Xfce 4. OpenOffice.org is also the latest version available at 2.3. There are also some handy new features in this new openSUSE release, including some major changes to the way YaST works which sports a new layout and appears quicker! Maybe it's just the computer I'm running it on, but it doesn't seem quite as annoying as it used to.
I pulled out my trusty MacBook for the test install, because it is tricky to configure well and it comes with reasonably modern hardware. I booted the openSUSE KDE install CD and began the process. As usual, the quality of the graphics and GUI installer were very good. The install process has a great outline so you can see exactly what you've done and what you still have to do. The installer is like a two-edged sword. By default the interface is clear and very easy to follow, with tasks like partitioning and formatting the hard drive handled seamlessly. The other side of the installer is the ability to be extremely complex and powerful. For the experienced user there is great flexibility in the installer to create a very custom system, easily. I was using LVM, so I simply added a new logical volume called "opensuse" and I was on my way!
openSUSE 10.3 - the installer
(full image size: 42kB, screen resolution: 800x600 pixels)
While I'm confident that on a standard desktop computer the install process would be very smooth, there were a number of issues I noted with the MacBook install. The installer didn't recognise my touchpad, not even as a standard mouse, and I had to plug in a USB mouse which worked straight away. The installer has the option to add repositories during the install and update your system, which is a great idea as it gives you the latest up-to-date system. Unfortunately, my wireless card was not detected so I could not use this feature - in all fairness to openSUSE, it is Atheros based and is not free to distribute with the Linux kernel due to licensing restrictions. The YaST boot loader configurator actually wipes the MBR partition table information, which means I could not install GRUB. A simple synchronisation using Refit and it all worked. NOTE: This is only a problem on Intel-based Apple computers.
Other than the aforementioned issues, I could not fault the install process. I really like the separation of the configuration section of the installer from the main install process. Upon completion of the installation, your computer is rebooted into the fresh openSUSE system where the configuration section is loaded. This is excellent as it breaks up the install and makes it seem less daunting. Here I set the root password, added my own user, configured the network, firewall and computer hardware, and so on.
On the desktop
As we've come to expect with openSUSE, the desktop looks sensational and this new release feels fast. Load time from GRUB to the KDE login screen was only 35 seconds. It took 10 seconds to log into KDE and have Konqueror loaded. OpenOffice.org Writer took only 10 seconds to load and let me start typing, while Firefox took less than 2 seconds. All this from a cold boot and with CPU speed stepping turned on.
One problem I've always found with SUSE was the lack of ease with installing non-official packages from third party repositories. To my great and most delighted surprise, this has been made very simple in SUSE 10.3. Under the YaST system configuration panel there is an option for 'Community Repositories'. Simply open this and tick the ones you want to use, such as Pacman, VideoLan, even the ATI and NVIDIA repositories. Simple!
openSUSE 10.3 - the community repositories module in YaST
(full image size: 65kB, screen resolution: 688x397 pixels)
On the subject of installing software, 10.3 introduces an amazing new feature - one click install. This is a system when you load a special file for the package you want installed (for example, compiz-fusion-kde.ymp) into the package manager and it automatically subscribes you to the repositories you need, downloads all the required packages, and installs and configures your system - all in one go! This is awesome!
When I tried to play an mp3 file under Amarok it caused a pop-up to appear, prompting to install the required packages. This took me to a website with the option of commercial support for mp3 and other codecs, or community based. I clicked on 'community based' and once the website had loaded, I chose 'KDE' as my environment. This downloaded a one click install file and started the YaST software installation. Here I was able to subscribe to community repositories and choose which packages I wanted, including packages such as Flash, win32codecs, Java, libdvdcss, VLC, MPlayer, GStreamer plugins and others, or simply leave it set to the defaults. Now Amarok was able to play my mp3 files - that I have only for test purposes of course, all my regular music is in FLAC ;).
While it's still a little confusing for new users and not quite up to the Ubuntu level, this codec assistance is a step in the right direction. A usability improvement would be a direct link to the free one-click install file, rather than navigating through the website. It does make it easier for end users to play the restricted formats though, while keeping Novell out of trouble. Of course it would be best if everyone just used open formats!
This release also includes the Novell variant of the KDE and GNOME menus, called 'Kickoff'. Love them or hate them, they do give you fast access to commonly used components of your system, favourite applications, system settings, built-in Beagle search and more. We need more of these sorts of improvements to the Linux system. I also noticed that when I logged on for the first time, a dialogue popped up saying that "Beagle is running and performance might be a little slow" - this is a great idea as it might give people the wrong impression that openSUSE itself is slow.
While the speed of the package manager has drastically improved, I still don't like the amount of time it takes to install software under openSUSE. When you open the package management system it reads the cache which takes almost 20 seconds. This is just too long, especially if all someone wanted to install was a small application. Compare this to APT under Debian and you'll wonder how anyone using an RPM system can put up with it. Still, the package management software itself is very good under openSUSE, one of the best.
openSUSE 10.3 - the KDE desktop
(full image size: 536kB, screen resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
Overall, I'm very impressed with this release of openSUSE (so much so that I might upgrade my sister's family home computer from 10.0!). The installer is top class, the package management system (including the integration of third party repositories) is excellent, the new 'one click install' system is awesome, YaST appears to be vastly improved and much quicker, support for third party codecs is actually there now (albeit indirectly), it looks great, and it runs fast! With Linux distributions (and users) being what they are these days, it would be good if openSUSE had a tool like Ubuntu's 'Restricted Manager' which could detect and automatically install drivers for hardware not officially supported. Perhaps like they currently do with the third party codecs and one click install technology.
While not perfect, this release is the best openSUSE yet. Well done Novell and the SUSE community, I might just keep this on my MacBook!
8.5 "Smarties" out of 10.
Mandriva 2008 simplified, avoiding Ubuntu download rush, Fedora artwork, interviews with Lucas Villa Real (GoboLinux) and Gerard Beekmans (Linux From Scratch)
After a short delay caused by a few last-minute bugs, Mandriva Linux 2008 was finally released last week. In terms of product features it is roughly in line with other major distribution updates - the usual round of package upgrades, improved hardware support, and desktop beautification work are all present in the final release. But there a couple of areas where the new Mandriva differs from its predecessors: the number of commercial editions has been reduced to just one (PowerPack) and its pricing was also revised downwards; users can now subscribe to receive two PowerPack releases per year for just €49.00 (previously €99.00). Besides the PowerPack edition, the usual Mandriva "One" installable live CDs, complete with proprietary video drivers and other desktop conveniences, and the traditional, non-live "Free" edition, are also available.
Mandriva Linux 2008 with improved hardware support and updated desktop
(full image size: 644kB, screen resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
For GNOME fans among the Mandriva users, here is some more good news - the GNOME edition of Mandriva "One" 2008 was finally released and uploaded to public servers on Monday: "The GNOME version of Mandriva Linux 2008 One has been released and is now available via BitTorrent or from the mirror sites. Featuring all the same great new features as the other editions of Mandriva Linux 2008, with a fully up-to-date GNOME 2.20 desktop. Hope this makes all our GNOME-using members happy!" Download the ISO images via BitTorrent or directly from one of these FTP/HTTP servers: mandriva-linux-2008-one-GNOME-cdrom-i586.iso (659MB, MD5).
* * * * *
Following the successful releases of openSUSE 10.3 and Mandriva Linux 2008, the attention of Linux distribution watchers can now turn to Ubuntu 7.10 "Gutsy Gibbon", due out later this week. As has become customary, a new Ubuntu release tends to be seen as a major test of both the project's download infrastructure and its web site; those of you who were around to witness Ubuntu's previous release might remember that the distribution's web site was inaccessible for much of its release day as tens of thousands of impatient users tried to connect to its heavily overloaded servers. For those who want to avoid this desperate rush there is a simple solution - just download the release candidate from one of Ubuntu's mirrors (see the release announcement for a list of up-to-date download locations) at any time before Thursday and use Aptitude or Synaptic to upgrade any packages that need upgrading before the big Ubuntu rush begins. This is safe and fully supported - and a rather smart way to have the latest Ubuntu up and running while the rest of the Ubuntu-using population scrambles to get hold of the CD images. And if you still need the CDs, you can download them later, when the interest in the new release subsides, or you can order them from ShipIt.
* * * * *
Until relatively recently, desktop aesthetics was not something Linux distribution projects lost much sleep over. New functionality, hardware support and package updates all took precedence over the work of graphic designers who always played second fiddles to the programmers. Not any more. As Linux distributions mature, there is much more emphasis on creating a desktop which is not only functional, but which also pleases the eye of the user. The Fedora project has been on the forefront of these initiatives, which resulted in some of the most eye-catching desktop art and themes available in any distribution. How do they do it? Learn more in this interview with Fedora art team lead Máirín Duffy: "The first three milestones were focused on the main concept art for the release. Whichever artwork made it through the first three milestones was considered as the default theme. Anyone in the Fedora community was welcome to participate in the process from the start, and we let hard deadlines drive some of the decision-making for us. Milestone 1 was to simply come up with a concept, and required that you explain the meaning of your concept and provide at least a sketch or references to existing artwork that illustrated your idea. Next, milestone 2 required more polished, original artwork including at least 1 wallpaper concept and 3 supporting illustrations."
* * * * *
While October is traditionally a month of major distribution releases, many smaller projects continue their own work preparing upcoming new versions. One of them is GoboLinux, a rather unusual distribution which is attempting a complete redesign of the traditional UNIX file system layout, replacing it with something more "modern and logical". Lucas Villa Real, a GoboLinux developer, has taken time away from his work to talk to Packt Publishing about the project's reason for trying to break away from the "ancient" UNIX tradition: "The major aim was to have a simple way of creating and sharing binary packages from programs compiled and installed from their source code. Splitting the file system tree into per-program sub-trees was the most logical thinking, as packages could be created just by compressing its directory, or removed by deleting that. Another interesting advantage is that more than one version of the same program can be installed in the system at a given time, as each version lives inside its own directory. And this gives us a very unique feature: no database is needed to tell which packages are installed and what files each of them offer; that's just a matter of checking the directory contents inside /Programs."
* * * * *
Finally, completing a trio of interesting interviews published last week is this talk with Gerard Beekmans, the founder of Linux From Scratch (LFS): "Teaching has always been the primary goal of LFS. That will never change, lest LFS ceases to be what it is. But there also is no limit to teaching. As we all learn more about Linux system creation and package integration, that knowledge ought to be shared with the community. The LFS books are good places to store that information in a concise format. But I think we also cannot ignore the automated process requirements any more. As a prime example, I (of course) use LFS at work. All our Linux servers are LFS-based, but there are times, when I am forced to (temporarily) use a different system. In my mind, LFS is not merely a learning aid. Once you have learned all there is to know (if such a time ever comes in a person's life), people still keep using LFS because now you have a system you fully understand and you are no longer bound by a distribution's way of doing things that might conflict with your own methods."
|Released Last Week
Mandriva Linux 2008
Mandriva Linux 2008 has been released: "We are proud to announce that Mandriva Linux 2008 is now available for download. The result of six months of heavy development and testing, 2008 includes all the latest software and many enhancements over previous Mandriva Linux releases. You will find KDE 3.5.7 and the new GNOME 2.20 already integrated, a solid kernel 184.108.40.206 with fair scheduling support, OpenOffice.org 2.2.1, cutting-edge 3D-accelerated desktop courtesy of CompizFusion 0.5.2, Mozilla Firefox 220.127.116.11, and everything else you've come to expect from the latest Mandriva Linux release. We have integrated a reworked hardware detection sub-system, with support for a lot of new devices." Read the release announcement and visit the release tour page for further details.
EnGarde Secure Linux 3.0.17
Guardian Digital has announced the release of EnGarde Secure Linux 3.0.17, a server oriented distribution with an easy-to-use web-based administration utility: "Guardian Digital is happy to announce the release of EnGarde Secure Community 3.0.17. What's new? We have included a very alpha version of Samba 4 for our users to evaluate; support for tcb, an alternative password shadowing scheme, was added; balance, a very simple and effective load balancing application, is now available for installation. Simple to set up, balance can provide round-robin TCP load balancing for just about any daemon; powernowd, a daemon to control the CPU speed and voltage of your server, is also now available; the latest stable versions of Apache (2.2.6), Asterisk (1.4.12), Dovecot (1.0.5), PHP (5.2.4), Postfix...." Read the complete release notes for further information.
RAYS, a product of Sun Wah Hi-tech System Software, is a Chinese desktop Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux. RAYS version 2.0 "Baihong" was announced earlier today. Compared to the second release candidate, the most important changes include several package upgrades (GIMP 2.4.0rc1, udev 114, alsa-lib 1.0.14, OpenSSH 4.6p1), bug fixes in the system installer, and improved stability. On the software front, Baihong is based on Debian's testing and unstable branches with kernel 2.6.22, glibc 2.6, and GCC 4.1.2, while the desktop is powered by X.Org 7.2 and GNOME 2.20. RAYS 2.0 is a pure installation CD with the language support limited to simplified Chinese and no hard disk partitioning mechanism (the system will take over the entire hard disk). For more information please read the release announcement and release notes (both links in Chinese).
Linspire 6.0, a user-friendly, commercial distribution based on Ubuntu, has been released: "Linspire, Inc., developer of the Linspire commercial and Freespire community desktop Linux operating systems and CNR.com, a free Linux software delivery service, today announced the immediate availability of Linspire 6.0, the latest commercial release of the desktop Linux operating system. Building on the best of open source software using Ubuntu as its base line, Linspire 6.0 adds licensed proprietary drivers, codecs, and software in its core distribution to provide a better user experience. The first commercial release from Linspire, Inc. in over two years, Linspire 6.0 continues its traditional focus on ease-of-use and bundles proprietary software where there are no viable open source alternatives, providing improved hardware, file type, and multimedia support, such as MP3, Real, Java, Flash, ATI, NVIDIA, WiFi, and many more." Read the press release and visit the product's features page for further details.
Resulinux is a Debian-based, Brazilian live CD featuring the TexasFlood boot system, which dramatically shortens the operating system's boot time, and a software update utility called LiveUpdate. Version 2.5 was released yesterday. Some of the new features include the following: aMSN upgraded to version 0.97R1; jSMS upgraded to version 2.6; support for multimedia files; added libdvdcss2; added Barrage (a game), aDesklets, aMule, XArchive; boot speed improvements while booting from live CD; support for wireless networking in configuration panel; icons and splash screen updates; added TexasFlood version 2.1R4; various bug fixes. Please visit the project's download page (in Portuguese) to read the detailed changelog.
Ubuntu Muslim Edition 7.04
Ubuntu Muslim Edition is an Ubuntu-based distribution whose main feature is the presence of Islamic software - prayer times, a Quran study tool and a web content filtering utility. A new stable version, 7.04, was announced earlier today: "The Ubuntu Muslim Edition team is proud to announce the final version of UbuntuME 7.04. It includes an installable live desktop CD, a second CD with additional software (OpenOffice.org, Arabic language packs, Quran recitations, etc.), an installable DVD (with more Quran recitations), and a script to convert standard Ubuntu installations to UbuntuME. Highlights: WCC (parental control tool) enabled by default (so browsing the Internet is safe); Zekr (Quran study tool) installed and configured to play Quran recitations; Islamic calendar and Minbar (prayer times tool); UbuntuME artworks." Here is the full release announcement.
Absolute Linux 12.0.7
Paul Sherman has released an updated version of Absolute Linux, a light-weight, Slackware-based distribution featuring the IceWM window manager: "Absolute 12.0.7 released. Fairly extensive changes in terms of bug removal and added features. Major fixes include mounted external volumes writable by users as well as root. The clearFstab script was tamed, GUI login no longer leads to any missing resources problems, GIMP scripts were patched to ensure that they work with new 2.4 series, ePDFView replaces xPDF as default PDF viewer, Firefox updated and now also includes all header files to compile web-apps against, installer available (as root) for folks lucky enough to legally use 'restricted' multimedia files, Audacity 1.3.3 included, CheckInstall version 1.5.3 works and has been patched to behave nicely... and lots more." Read the release announcement and changelog for further details.
rPath Linux 1.0.7
Michael K. Johnson has announced the release of rPath Linux 1.0.7, an independently developed distribution featuring the Conary package management system: "rPath Linux, the first Linux distribution built using the groundbreaking Conary software management system, has released updated images for rPath Linux 1. The new images incorporate updates to the installation process and all package updates released as of September 26, 2007. In particular, the installation images and installed system now include a 18.104.22.168 Linux kernel, enabling installation on more recent hardware not supported by previous installation media. (Linux kernels for Xen support are 22.214.171.124 in this release.) If you have already installed rPath Linux 1, you should update your current system using Conary rather than reinstall using the new images." Read the rest of the release announcement for more information.
Scientific Linux 4.5 Live CD/DVD
Urs Beyerle has announced the release of the live CD/DVD edition of Scientific Linux 4.5, a set of live media built from source RPM packages for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.5: "The Scientific Linux live CD/DVD is a bootable CD/DVD that runs Linux directly from CD/DVD without installing. It is based on Scientific Linux 4.5 (SL45), which is recompiled from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 sources (RHEL4 AS Update 5). The following versions of the Scientific Linux live CD are available for download: 'livecd' (fits on a CD-ROM), 'livecd64' (CD-ROM for 64-bit systems), 'livedvd' (fits on a DVD), 'livedvd64' (DVD-ROM for 64-bit systems), 'mini_livecd' (rescue system). Additional feature: live CD/DVD can be installed on local hard disk or USB key and can be mounted over NFS. Latest changes: diskless client - better detection of the network card; GParted added to live CD/DVD...." Here is the full release announcement.
Frugalware Linux 0.7
Miklós Vajna has announced the release of Frugalware Linux 0.7: "The Frugalware Developer Team is pleased to announce the immediate availability of Frugalware 0.7, our seventh stable release. No new features have been added since 0.7rc2, but more than 150 changes have been made to fix minor bugs. If you didn't follow the changes during the pre/rc releases, here are the most important changes since 0.6: up-to-date base system - Linux kernel 126.96.36.199, glibc 2.6.1 and GCC 4.2.1; up-to-date desktop packages - KDE 3.5.7, GNOME 2.20, Xfce 4.4.1, OpenOffice.org 2.3.0 and Firefox 188.8.131.52; a live CD called FwLive is now available for this release; language-specific defaults (keymap, time zone, default mirror), the installation is now logged; supported new languages: Romanian, Swedish, Italian and Danish; new graphical tools: Gfpm (package manager) and Gnetconfig (network configurator)." Here is the full release announcement.
Frugalware Linux 0.7
(full image size: 231kB, screen resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
Puppy Linux 3.01
Barry Kauler has released Puppy Linux 3.01, a bug-fix update to the earlier Puppy 3.00: "Puppy version 3.01 released. Puppy 3.01 is a bug-fix upgrade of 3.00. If you are currently using 3.00 (or have tried to use 3.00 and have encountered a show-stopper bug), please read the blog first to find out if your particular problem has been addressed -- if not, it may be addressed in 3.02. The purpose of 3.01 is simply to fix the most urgent bugs and niggles in 3.00, not apply any major changes or package upgrades. This Puppy (3.00 and 3.01) is a massive upgrade from the previous (v2.17.1). I decided to aim for close binary compatibility with Slackware 12, with the objective of being able to install Slackware packages and have all or most of the required dependencies already in place. To that end, I used all the building block packages from Slackware 12, such as glibc 2.5, GCC 4.1.2 and GTK+ 2.10.13. Most of the libraries in Puppy are now from Slackware." Read the rest of the release notes for more details.
* * * * *
Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
New distributions added to waiting list
- MitraX. MitraX is a Slackware-based live Linux distribution. With its size of 50 MB MitraX can be stored on a business card-size CD. MitraX is mainly intended to be used by system and network administrators.
- PureOS. PureOS is a French live CD based on Debian's testing branch. It is designed primarily for French-speaking users.
- Syllable Server. The Syllable project creates a set of operating systems that interact to deploy networks. Syllable Desktop is a complete desktop operating system that is exceptionally powerful, fast, and easy to use. It has its own kernel, file system, graphical user interface, and applications. Syllable Desktop is based on AtheOS, is largely POSIX.1 compliant, and uses many of the GNU utilities. Syllable Server is a server operating system built to be similar to Syllable Desktop, but on the Linux kernel.
- Untangle Gateway Platform. Untangle Gateway Platform is a Linux-based network gateway with pluggable modules for network applications like spam blocking, web filtering, anti-virus, anti-spyware, intrusion prevention, VPN, SSL VPN, firewall, and more.
* * * * *
DistroWatch database summary
And this concludes the latest issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 22 October 2007.
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 184.108.40.206, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Issue 763 (2018-05-14): Fedora 28, Debian compatibility coming to Chrome OS, malware found in some Snaps, Debian's many flavours|
|• Issue 762 (2018-05-07): TrueOS 18.03, live upgrading Raspbian, Mint plans future releases, HardenedBSD to switch back to OpenSSL|
|• Issue 761 (2018-04-30): Ubuntu 18.04, accessing ZFS snapshots, UBports to run on Librem 5 phones, Slackware makes PulseAudio optional|
|• Issue 760 (2018-04-23): Chakra 2017.10, using systemd to hide files, Netrunner's ARM edition, Debian 10 roadmap, Microsoft develops Linux-based OS|
|• Issue 759 (2018-04-16): Neptune 5.0, building containers with Red Hat, antiX introduces Sid edition, fixing filenames on the command line|
|• Issue 758 (2018-04-09): Sortix 1.0, openSUSE's Transactional Updates, Fedora phasing out Python 2, locating portable packages|
|• Issue 757 (2018-04-02): Gatter Linux 0.8, the UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook, Red Hat turns 25, super long term support kernels|
|• Issue 756 (2018-03-26): NuTyX 10.0, Neptune supplies Debian users with Plasma 5.12, SolydXK on a Raspberry Pi, SysV init development|
|• Full list of all issues|
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Solaris is a computer operating system, the proprietary Unix variant developed by Sun Microsystems. Early versions, based on BSD UNIX, were called SunOS. The shift to a System V code base in SunOS 5 was marked by changing the name to Solaris 2. Earlier versions were retroactively named Solaris 1.x. After version 2.6, Sun dropped the "2." from the name. Solaris consists of the SunOS UNIX base operating system plus a graphical user environment. Solaris is written in a platform-independent manner and is available for SPARC and x86 processors (including x86_64). Starting from version 10, the Solaris licence changed and the product was distributed free of charge for any system or purpose, but after the acquisition of Sun Microsystems by Oracle in 2009, the product is once again proprietary with a restrictive licence.