| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 222, 1 October 2007
Welcome to this year's 40th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! PC-BSD is fast becoming a highly usable alternative to Linux on the desktop and the project's latest release, version 1.4, is the most feature-full desktop FreeBSD ever. But can it stand tall against Linux? Read our review to find out. In the news section: openSUSE begins uploading the 10.3 CD images, Mandriva abandons its "Club" subscription service, Clement Lefebvre defends multimedia codecs in Linux Mint, Sabayon promises more bleeding-edge features in version 3.5, and Ubuntu closes on the upcoming "Gutsy Gibbon" release with a bunch of interesting new features. Finally, we are pleased to announce that the DistroWatch.com September 2007 donation goes to Damn Small Linux. Happy reading!
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First look at PC-BSD 1.4 (by Susan Linton)
PC-BSD 1.4 was released last week and I was quite anxious to test it. I had looked at a couple of earlier versions and I was always quite impressed at the work this small development team was doing. PC-BSD is based on FreeBSD and this release is built using 6.2-STABLE. FreeBSD can still be a bit intimidating to some users, but PC-BSD works to eliminate that. In fact, PC-BSD is so user-friendly it might be considered the Ubuntu of free BSDs.
PC-BSD always performed very well on my home-made built-for-Linux desktop, but how would it support the hardware of an off-the-shelf "Designed for Windows XP" HP Pavilion laptop? Many a Linux have failed this test to some degree or another, so it was with great anticipation that I booted the first of two install CDs.
The installer is very much like many of the Linux installers I've used. It's basically a graphical wizard that gathers important information needed, such as drive selection, package choices, bootloader preference, and user account details. As no real partitioner is included, it took quite a bit of fancy fdisk footwork before I could get past the drive selection step. My laptop had Windows XP on an NTFS partition on the first 20 gigabytes of the drive and the remainder was an extended partition containing various Linux installs and a FAT32 system restore partition at the end. I didn't need 20 gigabytes for Windows and thought I could resize that to 15 and use five gigabytes for PC-BSD. To make a boring story short, I ended up deleting my whole partition table and remaking it so that new partition would be sda2 and sda5 for FreeBSD. It was then that PC-BSD could find its new home.
The remainder of the installer is as easy as one could get. One of the more interesting aspects is the package selection. It's simplified and not overly extensive, but it offers the opportunity to enhance your system. The basic PC-BSD system is installed without any options for the user, but one can then choose to install extra components such as Firefox, Opera, K3b, Games, KOffice or OpenOffice.org, Software Development Kit, Source Code, and Ports tree. Once you make your selections, a nice slide show displays while your system is being installed. As with my desktop in earlier tests, the installation on my laptop with a SATA hard drive completed with no problems or errors.
The boot screen offers several boot choices such Default, with no ACPI, Safe Mode, Single user, and run Display Wizard. I usually use the default option, but choosing the run Display Wizard option does just that. Upon first boot of your system you will encounter a display setup wizard that asks which resolution, bit depth, and driver you'd like to use. For my NVIDIA chip, I tried the three proprietary NVIDIA graphic driver options, but none would work for me. I ended up using "nv" and setting the resolution to 1280x800 as desired. Choosing the second option of no ACPI and the third, Safe Mode, resulted in rebooting the machine.
At the desktop we have a full KDE 3.5.7 decorated with a nice gradient blue wallpaper with a white PC-BSD logo in the lower right corner. It's a tidy arrangement with only a few icons on the desktop, three icons in the quick launcher, and I had five icons in the system tray. The applets in the system tray consist of Klipper, Kalendar, Kmix, Network Manager, and for me a battery monitor. The quick launchers include Show Desktop, System Menu, and Konqueror. The window decoration used is Crystal and the style is Lipstik. All together we have a pretty and tidy desktop.
PC-BSD desktop with Online Update Manager
(full image size: 266kB, screen resolution: 1280x800 pixels)
Primarily KDE applications occupy the menu, but there are a few other entries such as the tools in the Settings menu and whatever extra components chosen during install. There seemed to be a bit of lag in the menu operation sometimes, but most applications opened in average or above average time.
Some of the applications found include Kcalc, Kate, KSpaceDuel, Kview, Kopete, Kontact, Amarok and Kaffeine. The Firefox version available for easy installation is 184.108.40.206, Opera 9.23 is available, and the OpenOffice.org version is 2.2.1. Under the hood we find X.Org 7.2 and GCC 3.4.6. As shipped, PC-BSD multimedia support is very good. I could watch Google videos, Apple Quicktime trailers, and other Flash movies, although streaming DIVX didn't work. I could enjoy various file formats stored locally such as .avi, .bins, .mp3s, and .mp4s, as well as watch encrypted DVDs and listen to audio CDs.
PC-BSD developers are doing everything they can think of to make installing software easy for the user. There are several routes one can take. The first method starts with an icon on the desktop labelled Download PBIs. Click on this icon to open a browser at the PC-BSD pbiDIR. Listed here are many packages in which users might be interested. These include World of Warcraft, Chromium B.S.U., GIMP 2.4.0rc1, Google Picasa 2.2, and many more. There are several categories such as chat, development, multimedia, graphics, and themes. Just navigate to the desired application and download it. Click on the file to open an install wizard, very reminiscent of the self-extracting installer used in the Windows world. I tested several of these and they all worked very well including putting an icon in the menu. Just be careful to notice if the application is current, as I found some that were for older versions of PC-BSD.
Another method for installing software is found in the Settings menu. It's called Add / Remove Software and it is used to install or remove those installed from the CDs. Again, this worked really well for me. I tested it after install to add the source code and Ports tree.
The Ports tree is another method for installing software. It contains software ported to FreeBSD and includes many applications, some of which are already included in PC-BSD. It includes games, system/user commands, cryptography code, and some system tools and utilities. There is a README in the top level of the Port directory with more information on structure, how to use them, and where to get further information. The little I tested of this process worked well.
Another method is using pkg_add, pkg_delete, and pkg_info at the command line. These are very similar to apt-get or urpmi. pkg_add downloads packages from remote mirrors (with the -r switch) and installs them. This is probably my favorite method and it too works really well.
Also found in the Settings menu is an Online Update Manager. It checks to see if your system is up to date. Mine was, but it appears that if any updates were available, it would list them and give the user a chance to choose their updates. In addition, there is a PBI Update Manager as well. Similarly, it checks if any of the packages installed through the PBI system are out of date and updates them if needed. Again, all mine were current, so I didn't get to test the full functionality at this time.
Tools and utilities
Other types of handy tools are also found in the Settings menu. One such is a firewall configuration application. It allows for starting or stopping your firewall, setting it to run at boot, and advanced options such as which ports to open or what kind of traffic to allow. Also found is a system Services Manager, which allows you to set what services start at boot.
Another useful utility is the System Manager. I found it to be the most interesting. One function it performs is generating a snapshot of your system which it saves to a text file. It contains all your hardware details, partitions and mounts, and some of your system settings, services, and processes. Another function is allowing some kernel choices. One can change their kernel, DMA setting, and boot delay. In another tab you can run cvsup to populate or update your Ports tree. And in the last tab you can choose to show a boot splash and in what language.
There aren't any graphical hardware configuration tools. PC-BSD's philosophy is if your hardware is supported it will be automatically detected. If it's not, you need to write a driver.
Hardware detection for this laptop was fairly good. The display worked as configured, the sound worked upon login, my touchpad was accurate and responsive, and my USB mouse was operative. The wired Ethernet chip worked out-of-the-box and a connection was made "automagically" upon boot or at plug-in. Inserting removable media brings up the KDE media dialog and icons appear on the desktop. I found that it could read NTFS and FAT file system just fine, but it didn't have support for Linux partitions at the ready.
However, the item of most interest to me is the wireless chip. Granted it is dependent upon a Windows driver and requires NDISwrapper. Occasionally I run across a Linux distribution in which it will not work. Yet I still had hopes for PC-BSD. Free BSD clones use an application known as Ndis for this purpose. Although the process is very similar to what I use with Linux, I consulted a couple of HOWTOs in my attempts before giving up and plugging in a 25-foot Ethernet cable leading to my router. While Googling, I saw where some folks had success with similar chips to mine, so it may not be entirely impossible. I just didn't have any luck.
I was a bit disappointed that neither the included NVIDIA 3D graphics drivers nor the one listed on the PBI page would work with my NVIDIA GeForce Go 6150 chip. I even tried the drivers straight from NVIDIA's site with no luck. I've used NVIDIA graphic drivers with free BSD clones before, so I was a bit surprised. As a result, I didn't get to test the included CompizFusion 0.5.2.
Also a bit disappointing was no support for notebook battery power saving features. There are some components in the Ports tree and one could rebuild the kernel if so desired. But as default, don't expect any CPU scaling or suspend options.
There are resources for those that might like support. The first element is the Quick Guide icon on the desktop. This opens a browser with lots of links to helpful topics. These guides range from where to get help to network configuration, installing applications and adding hardware. There are also guides for setting up a firewall, adding new users, and troubleshooting. If your need further assistance there is an online Knowledge Base & FAQ, an active support/discussion forum, and several mailing lists.
So, all in all pros minus cons, PC-BSD is an amazing project. It allows many to experience the benefits of BSD clones who otherwise might not be able to. On the desktop it would be a wonderful alternative for the experienced and inexperienced alike. Additionally, it could possibly work out on a laptop for users who are willing to get some virtual dirt under their nails. PC-BSD is probably the best opportunity to experience "personal computing - BSD style."
openSUSE 10.3 ready for download, Mandriva closes "Club", interview with Clement Lefebvre, PC-BSD and Sabayon Linux updates, Ubuntu "Gutsy" new features
We'll start this week's news roundup with an exciting piece of information: the ISO images of openSUSE 10.3 have been quietly released to download mirrors over the weekend. The official release announcement should follow on Thursday, but it's nice to see that the download infrastructure is being set up several days in advance to prevent any bottlenecks when the great download rush starts. Just remember that if you have fast Internet connection, you no longer need to download the large openSUSE DVDs; instead, just get the single-CD installation media with either KDE or GNOME for basic installation and add any software packages you need in a post-installation step. openSUSE 10.3 is the project's first release in nearly 10 months; it comes with Linux kernel 2.6.22, X.Org 7.2, a KDE desktop that is based on version 3.5 but includes applications and elements from the upcoming version 4.0, GNOME 2.20, OpenOffice.org 2.3.0, and a long list of other cutting-edge software applications (here are the release notes). All in all, openSUSE 10.3 should be a very interesting release - once you try it out, let us know what you think!
openSUSE 10.3 live CD is a new, experimental feature of openSUSE's latest release
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Another major distribution with a new stable release out this week is Mandriva Linux. Adam Williamson has emailed DistroWatch to update our readers on the status of the product; pending any last-minute show-stopper bugs, the CD and DVD image generation should start early this week, with "early seeders" likely to receive links to the torrent files as soon as Tuesday. The Mandriva community manager believes that Friday, 5 October, could be the date of the official release announcement. In the meantime, those readers who are interested in finding out more can read all about the new features and improvements in Mandriva Linux 2008 in this article entitled What's New in Mandriva 2008. Finally, one more piece of excellent news for the Mandriva user community: according to this forum announcement (currently in French only), the commercial nature of Mandriva Club is all but history; from now on, anybody interested in Mandriva Linux can simply create a free account at my.mandriva.com and gain access to all available resources, including documentation, ISO images, forums, etc. at no cost. The Mandriva Linux user community is being re-united once again!
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Clement Lefebvre, the founder of the increasingly popular Linux Mint distribution, spoke to Free Software Daily last week. He touched on a wide range of subject, including the ever so controversial topic of multimedia codecs in Linux distributions: "The presence of the codecs is definitely not an innovation, it's a necessity. People do watch DVDs and they do listen to MP3s. There is no out-of-the-box experience without codecs. They need to be installed by default. There are some legal obstacles in distributing them but that only affects a few countries and for the people who actually live in these countries we have a 'Light Edition' without the codecs. The legal landscape is different in every country and to be honest it's more of a user matter than anything else. When users are in doubt we recommend they install the 'Light Edition' but as far as we're concerned it's 100% legal for us to do what we do where we do it. There's a lot of FUD and bullying related to software patents, something that simply has no legal standing where we are and it's time people realize that there is no legislation in the world which is going to prevent us doing anything where that legislation doesn't apply."
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PC-BSD, the first desktop-oriented operating system based on FreeBSD, is rapidly becoming a viable open source alternative to Linux on the desktop. Last week, InternetNews published a brief article covering the release of PC-BSD 1.4 and giving space to project founder Kris Moore. What are the major improvements in the new version? "Our new GUI tools will greatly assist in setting up networking, such as wireless connections, something which had been rather difficult in the past. The X.Org GUI tool also allows the user to easily set their screen resolution, and driver with 3D support on the first boot." On the subject of future plans, Moore has this to say: "We try to have a new release out every six months or so. With 1.4 it took closer to nine months, with several of those months going towards implementing a whole new build process. Now that it's in place, the next release may be closer to the six-month mark, depending upon the release schedule of FreeBSD 7, and KDE 4 of course."
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Speaking about future releases, here is an update on Sabayon Linux, a Gentoo-based distribution renowned for being one of the most progressive and bleeding-edge desktop operating systems available today. Fabio Erculiani: "Things are going well on the Sabayon side, we released a nearly perfect miniEdition last week and that's a good thing from the QA side. Talking about future releases: we are going to have a Professional edition (yeah, the Business edition changed its name) with new artwork soon; we are going to have a new 'Loop' release cycle (3.5 Loop 1) in less than one month with a huge amount of features (Entropy alpha stage included); we are going to publish the new artwork stuff and re-work the whole Sabayon theme that will show up in the upcoming releases." Besides giving us a glimpse of the future, the founder of the project also talks about the state of the relationship between Sabayon and Gentoo Linux. An interesting read!
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Only one short month separates us from the new stable release of Ubuntu, code name "Gutsy Gibbon". What can we expect? A web site called "Tolero's tech notes" has published an excellent summary of all the new features: "Yes, it has finally happened - CompizFusion is now enabled by default on all supporting platforms in Ubuntu 7.10! Now it is labeled as stable, and is believed to work fine just out of the box, or after a proper driver configuration, which in my case was a simple activation of a checkbox in the 'Restricted Drivers Manager' tool and reboot of the computer. There are three pre-configured levels of special effects settings: 'No effects', 'Normal effects' and 'Extra effects'. You can select one of them at the 'Appearance' dialog in the 'Preferences' group of the 'System' menu. To get additional interface with a much greater tweaking possibilities, you have to install a 'compizconfig-settings-manager' package, which is located in the 'universe' repository." Also covered by the article: screen and graphics card configuration, desktop search, printing changes, Firefox 3.0 alpha, GIMP 2.4, OpenOffice.org 2.3 and new features in Linux kernel 2.6.22.
|Released Last Week
Linux Mint 3.1
Linux Mint 3.1, code name "Celena", has been released: "This is Linux Mint 3.1, codename Celena, based on Cassandra and compatible with Ubuntu Feisty and its repositories. New in Celena: mintAssistant - a first-run wizard and lets the user fine-tune the system; mintUpload - allows the user to upload any file smaller than 10MB on the Internet; new artwork; print to PDF; improved stability; improved performance; new tools and upgrades - Firefox was upgraded to version 220.127.116.11, Pidgin to version 2.1.1, mintMenu and mintInstall were upgraded to the latest versions; Tomboy Notes was fixed in order not to show the start note the first time Linux Mint is run, AptOnCD is now installed by default to let the user backup his selection of packages, a new apt command which provides all main features from apt-get, apt-cache and aptitude...." Read the comprehensive release notes for a full list of changes and updates.
Linux Mint 3.1
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PC-BSD 1.4, an easy-to-use desktop operating system based on FreeBSD, has been released: "The PC-BSD team is pleased to announce the availability of PC-BSD 1.4. This release is made available via the efforts of many developers and testers, who have spent the past months refining and improving upon the core PC-BSD experience. PC-BSD 1.4 retail editions are now available to be purchased via our store provided by FreeBSDMall.com, or it may be freely downloaded on the 1.4 download page. This release of PC-BSD includes several notable highlights: moving the FreeBSD base version to 6-STABLE; X.Org 7.2; KDE 3.5.7; CompizFusion 0.5.2; support for Flash 7 in native BSD browsers. (Konqueror, Opera, Firefox); official NVIDIA drivers to simplify activating hardware acceleration." Read the release announcement, release notes and changelog for more details.
Asianux 3.0, an enterprise Linux distribution developed jointly by China's Red Flag Linux, Japan's Miracle Linux and Korea's Haansoft, has been released. Some of the new features include: "Support for various hardware platform including IA32, x86_64, IA64, and IBM p-Series; Support for he latest technologies of Intel 32/64-bit Quad-Core, AMD Barcelona, IBM OpenPower; Redcastle, a new and unique kernel-level security function; integrates OpenDrim, the first open source project sponsored by CJK (China, Japan and Korea) governments which provides a distributed resource management environment; first distribution supporting EFI (Extensible Firmware Interface) on both IA32 and IA64 platforms; will be certified by main software and hardware vendors such as BEA, CA, Dell, EMC, Emulex, HP, IBM, Intel, NEC, Oracle, SAP, Symantec, SWSoft, Virtual Iron, VMware." Read the full press release for more information.
An updated stable release of Freespire 2.0, with an updated CNR software installation plugin and minor bug fixes, has been released: "Freespire 2.0.3 released including an updated CNR plugin. Key changes: configuration files updated - sources.list (commented out Ubuntu repository sources resolving apt-get upgrade issues); packages upgraded - CNR client (new and improved CNR plugin - version 0.1.2600), Flash 9 plugin (updated to version 9.0.60), KNetworkConf, KNetworkManager, KPlayer (updated from 0.5.3 to 0.6.3), KUser, Sun Java 6 Java Runtime Environment; packages removed: NVU (limitation of space on CD)." Read the brief release announcement on the distribution's user forums.
Pioneer Linux 3.0
Technalign has announced the release of Pioneer Linux 3.0, an Ubuntu-based desktop and server distribution: "Technalign, Inc. has announced the release of the Pioneer Basic Linux 3.0 distributions that include the Basic workstation, MigrationSERVER, and Stagecoach, the combined workstation and server. All Pioneer products are being maintained by Technalign for a period of 7 years. The 7-year life cycle will provide companies a stable release of the operating system for many years to come. All Pioneer Basic products run off a live CD that allows individuals to load the CD and test the workstations and servers before installation. As with all current Technalign operating system releases, each operating system includes a KDE desktop. Those wishing to remove the desktop on MigrationSERVER may do so at will." Read the rest of the press release for further details.
Pioneer Linux 3.0
(full image size: 1,198kB, screen resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
Bogdan Radulescu has announced the first stable release of NimbleX sub100, a Slackware-based live CD that takes less than 100 MB on the CD, but still manages to fit in the KDE desktop. The highlights: "USB installer (slightly better than the one in 2007v2); added K3b so you can burn CDs and DVDs; added support for PDF files; more than 240 webcam models are supported; remote desktop for RDP and VNC protocols; added a modified version of Quax's kweb2mod to use software from the Internet; wizard to create the nimblex.data file to easily save changes; added Parted, iptables, Guarddog, wget, xfsutils, dosfstools, GRUB, gawk, less, unarj and nano." Read the full release announcement for more information.
Absolute Linux 12.0.6
Paul Sherman has announced the availability of an updated release of Absolute Linux, a light-weight modification of Slackware featuring the IceWM window manager. From the changelog: "Midnight Commander, Dillo and Ggradebook added to default packages; XDM updated for nice graphical login, when desired; IceWM update to include menu item to switch between graphical or text-based login, checkers menu item changed for better display; etc package now includes script that switches login type; DevTray - pulled AlsaAudio card handler, this originally had a bug with SB Live cards, takes up memory, and does nothing Absolute does not already do. Also new DevTray icon and tooltip, to avoid confusion; PyAlsaAudio and alsamixergui removed; GIMP updated to 2.4.0rc3; updated handler for GIMP in SendTo for images and PDFs; GQView downgraded to version 2.0.4 due to CPU usage maxing out...." See the full changelog for further info.
Red Flag Linux 6.0
Red Flag Linux 6.0 "Desktop", a Chinese distribution based on the recently announced Asianux 3.0, has been released. As with any past releases, Red Flag Linux 6.0 continues to focus on providing an easy-to-use desktop that resembles the Windows user interface as much as possible and includes a number of Windows-like utilities. New in this release is the inclusion of 3D desktop features with Beryl, updated package management infrastructure with APT for RPM, automatic dual-boot setup, and multi-language support. The distribution uses the latest 2.6.22 kernel with modules for a large number of modern hardware devices and wireless network cards, as well as read/write support to NTFS file systems. On the desktop, the system is built around X.Org 7.2 and KDE 3.5.7, now with automatic mounting of storage devices, and OpenOffice.org 2.2. For more details please see the product features page (in Chinese).
Red Flag Linux 6.0
(full image size: 421kB, screen resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
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Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Musix GNU+Linux 1.0R3, 1.0R4, 2.0
The Musix GNU+Linux project has published a roadmap, outlining the likely release dates for the upcoming revisions of the current 1.0 series and also for version 2.0. The next revision, version 1.0R3, is expected on 10 October 2007, while the next major update, Musix GNU+Linux 2.0, is scheduled for release in April 2009. For more information please see the complete roadmap.
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Summary of expected upcoming releases
Meet Jim Putman, the DistroWatch Podcast guy|
Those readers who enjoy listening to Linux podcasts must have noticed the recent revival of the podcast edition of DistroWatch Weekly. This was made possible by the tireless work of Jim Putman, your new podcast host. I had a pleasure to meet Jim last weekend when we sat down to have a few beers and to talk about Linux and other open source topics. Jim, an electronics engineer, grew up in Wisconsin, USA; after graduating from college, he spent some six years working for Intel, but he left the well-known hardware vendor about a year ago to work as a CTO for a small start-up (Touchmedia) in Shanghai, China.
What made Jim to re-start the DistroWatch podcast? "I was highly impressed with the work of Shawn Milo," says Jim, "and I was disappointed when he announced that he no longer had the time to continue this excellent work. So I decided to step in. I really enjoy DistroWatch and Linux in general and this is my small way of contributing to the community. I do a lot of coding at work, so coming home and recording the podcast is a fairly relaxing activity." How long does it take him to create the podcast?" Right now, it's about four hours, but I hope I can reduced this to around two in the future. The quality of the podcast is not always the best, but I hope that most listeners find it acceptable."
Jim welcomes all feedback, so if you have any suggestions, please send an email to "linuxcaster at gmail dot com" and let him know!
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September 2007 donation: Damn Small Linux receives US$350.00
We are pleased to announce that the recipient of the September 2007 DistroWatch.com donation is the Damn Small Linux project. It receives US$350.00 in cash.
Damn Small Linux was launched in 2003 as a remastered edition of KNOPPIX, reduced to less than 50 MB in size. The release was an instant hit - it succeeded in bringing back to life many an old computer with a light-weight desktop and a bunch of excellent configuration utilities. The more recent versions are also available for installation on USB storage devices and even as specialist images that run inside Windows - no reboot required. However, Damn Small Linux isn't only about software; the project's principal developers - John Andrews, Robert Shingledecker and Christopher Negus - have also written an excellent book entitled The Official Damn Small Linux Book: The Tiny Adaptable Linux That Runs on Anything (published by Prentice Hall). Damn Small Linux is a great project that has enriched the Linux world by giving us a small, but highly usable distribution designed for (not only) old hardware.
As always, this monthly donations programme is a joint initiative between DistroWatch and two online shops selling low-cost CDs and DVDs with Linux, BSD and other open source software - LinuxCD.org and OSDisc.com. These vendors contributed US$50.00 each towards this month's donation to Damn Small Linux.
Here is the list of projects that received a DistroWatch donation since the launch of the programme (figures in US dollars):
Since the launch of the Donations Programme in March 2004, DistroWatch has donated a total of US$14,840 to various open source software projects.
- 2004: GnuCash ($250), Quanta Plus ($200), PCLinuxOS ($300), The GIMP ($300), Vidalinux ($200), Fluxbox ($200), K3b ($350), Arch Linux ($300), Kile KDE LaTeX Editor ($100) and UNICEF - Tsunami Relief Operation ($340)
- 2005: Vim ($250), AbiWord ($220), BitTorrent ($300), NdisWrapper ($250), Audacity ($250), Debian GNU/Linux ($420), GNOME ($425), Enlightenment ($250), MPlayer ($400), Amarok ($300), KANOTIX ($250) and Cacti ($375)
- 2006: Gambas ($250), Krusader ($250), FreeBSD Foundation ($450), GParted ($360), Doxygen ($260), LilyPond ($250), Lua ($250), Gentoo Linux ($500), Blender ($500), Puppy Linux ($350), Inkscape ($350), Cape Linux Users Group ($130), Mandriva Linux ($405, a PowerPack competition), digiKam ($408) and SabayonLinux ($450)
- 2007: GQview ($250), Kaffeine ($250), sidux ($350), CentOS ($400), LyX ($350), VectorLinux ($350), KTorrent ($400), FreeNAS ($350), lighttpd ($400), Damn Small Linux ($350)
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New distributions added to database
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DistroWatch database summary
And this concludes the latest issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 8 October 2007.
If you've enjoyed this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly, please consider sending us a tip.
(Tips this week: 0, value: US$0.00)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 18.104.22.168, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Issue 763 (2018-05-14): Fedora 28, Debian compatibility coming to Chrome OS, malware found in some Snaps, Debian's many flavours|
|• Issue 762 (2018-05-07): TrueOS 18.03, live upgrading Raspbian, Mint plans future releases, HardenedBSD to switch back to OpenSSL|
|• Issue 761 (2018-04-30): Ubuntu 18.04, accessing ZFS snapshots, UBports to run on Librem 5 phones, Slackware makes PulseAudio optional|
|• Issue 760 (2018-04-23): Chakra 2017.10, using systemd to hide files, Netrunner's ARM edition, Debian 10 roadmap, Microsoft develops Linux-based OS|
|• Issue 759 (2018-04-16): Neptune 5.0, building containers with Red Hat, antiX introduces Sid edition, fixing filenames on the command line|
|• Issue 758 (2018-04-09): Sortix 1.0, openSUSE's Transactional Updates, Fedora phasing out Python 2, locating portable packages|
|• Issue 757 (2018-04-02): Gatter Linux 0.8, the UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook, Red Hat turns 25, super long term support kernels|
|• Issue 756 (2018-03-26): NuTyX 10.0, Neptune supplies Debian users with Plasma 5.12, SolydXK on a Raspberry Pi, SysV init development|
|• Issue 755 (2018-03-19): Learning with ArchMerge and Linux Academy, Librem 5 runs Plasma Mobile, Cinnamon gets performance boost|
|• Issue 754 (2018-03-12): Reviewing Sabayon and Antergos, the growing Linux kernel, BSDs getting CPU bug fixes, Manjaro builds for ARM devices|
|• Issue 753 (2018-03-05): Enso OS 0.2, KDE Plasma 5.12 features, MX Linux prepares new features, interview with MidnightBSD's founder|
|• Issue 752 (2018-02-26): OviOS 2.31, performing off-line upgrades, elementary OS's new installer, UBports gets test devices, Redcore team improves security|
|• Issue 751 (2018-02-19): DietPi 6.1, testing KDE's Plasma Mobile, Nitrux packages AppImage in default install, Solus experiments with Wayland|
|• Issue 750 (2018-02-12): Solus 3, getting Deb packages upstream to Debian, NetBSD security update, elementary OS explores AppCentre changes|
|• Issue 749 (2018-02-05): Freespire 3 and Linspire 7.0, misunderstandings about Wayland, Xorg and Mir, Korora slows release schedule, Red Hat purchases CoreOS|
|• Issue 748 (2018-01-29): siduction 2018.1.0, SolydXK 32-bit editions, building an Ubuntu robot, desktop-friendly Debian options|
|• Issue 747 (2018-01-22): Ubuntu MATE 17.10, recovering open files, creating a new distribution, KDE focusing on Wayland features|
|• Issue 746 (2018-01-15): deepin 15.5, openSUSE's YaST improvements, new Ubuntu 17.10 media, details on Spectre and Meltdown bugs|
|• Issue 745 (2018-01-08): GhostBSD 11.1, Linspire and Freespire return, wide-spread CPU bugs patched, adding AppImage launchers to the application menu|
|• Issue 744 (2018-01-01): MX Linux 17, Ubuntu pulls media over BIOS bug, PureOS gets endorsed by the FSF, openSUSE plays with kernel boot splash screens|
|• Issue 743 (2017-12-18): Daphile 17.09, tools for rescuing files, Fedora Modular Server delayed, Sparky adds ARM support, Slax to better support wireless networking|
|• Issue 742 (2017-12-11): heads 0.3.1, improvements coming to Tails, Void tutorials, Ubuntu phasing out Python 2, manipulating images from the command line|
|• Issue 741 (2017-12-04): Pop!_OS 17.10, openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots, installing Q4OS on a Windows partition, using the at command|
|• Issue 740 (2017-11-27): Artix Linux, Unity spin of Ubuntu, Nitrux swaps Snaps for AppImage, getting better battery life on Linux|
|• Issue 739 (2017-11-20): Fedora 27, cross-distro software ports, Ubuntu on Samsung phones, Red Hat supports ARM, Parabola continues 32-bit support|
|• Issue 738 (2017-11-13): SparkyLinux 5.1, rumours about spyware, Slax considers init software, Arch drops 32-bit packages, overview of LineageOS|
|• Issue 737 (2017-11-06): BeeFree OS 18.1.2, quick tips to fix common problems, Slax returning, Solus plans MATE and software management improvements|
|• Issue 736 (2017-10-30): Ubuntu 17.10, "what if" security questions, Linux Mint to support Flatpak, NetBSD kernel memory protection|
|• Issue 735 (2017-10-23): ArchLabs Minimo, building software with Ravenports, WPA security patch, Parabola creates OpenRC spin|
|• Issue 734 (2017-10-16): Star 1.0.1, running the Linux-libre kernel, Ubuntu MATE experiments with snaps, Debian releases new install media, Purism reaches funding goal|
|• Issue 733 (2017-10-09): KaOS 2017.09, 32-bit prematurely obsoleted, Qubes security features, IPFire updates Apache|
|• Issue 732 (2017-10-02): ClonOS, reducing Snap package size, Ubuntu dropping 32-bit Desktop, partitioning disks for ZFS|
|• Issue 731 (2017-09-25): BackSlash Linux Olaf, W3C adding DRM to web standards, Wayland support arrives in Mir, Debian experimenting with AppArmor|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Subgraph OS is a Debian-based Linux distribution which provides several security, anonymous web browsing and hardening features. Subgraph OS uses a hardened Linux kernel, application firewall to block specific executables from accessing the network and forces all Internet traffic through the Tor network. The distribution's file manager features tools to remove meta-data from files and integrates with the OnionShare file sharing application. The Icedove e-mail client is set up to automatically work with Enigmail for encrypting e-mails.