| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 160, 17 July 2006
Welcome to this year's 28th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! As you may recall, Ladislav is on vacation in Fiji. When he asked if I'd like to write DistroWatch Weekly in his absence, I admit I was a bit intimidated. So, be gentle with me kind readers, it's my first time. In the news section the big news this week was Novell's decision to rename SUSE Linux to openSUSE, a Debian server was hacked, and PCLOS is still logo shopping. Released this week was BLAG Linux and GNU 50000, PC-BSD 1.2, and SUSE Linux 10.2 Alpha 2. This week we are presenting an in-depth interview with our own "keeper of the record." Oh, and as Ladislav always says, "Happy reading!"
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in OGG format (13MB)
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in MP3 format (13MB)
(The Podcast edition is provided by Shawn Milo.)
Join us at irc.freenode.net #distrowatch
SUSE Linux renamed, Mepis delayed, Debian Conference and server hacked, PCLinuxOS logo |
SUSE Linux 10.2 alpha 2 was released on July 13. The biggest change to accompany this release was the decision to rename the open source version to openSUSE. This change was attributed to internal and external confusion between the openSUSE project and Novell's Linux business products. The upcoming community version will be named openSUSE 10.2. Effective Alpha 3, they should have a fully renamed distribution by Beta 1 in November.
* * * * *
Mepis released rc3 of their upcoming SimplyMepis 6.0 on July 11, and announced that the final will be delayed until around July 18, 2006 due to a license audit. Warren Woodford said, "We are in the process of making sure that 6.0 will be in compliance with the GPL and other licenses. It appears that the lame source code is originally licensed under the GPL and the LGPL. Lame incorporates algorithms that could to be subject to patent claims and licensing fees. It is my understanding that the GPLv2 license is incompatible with software that is subject to licensing fees and therefore it is not legal under the GPLv2 for us to download the source code or distribute binaries of lame." The audit is expected to be completed by the end of the month.
* * * * *
It was announced in the July 11th Debian Weekly News, that the Next Debian Conference will be held in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was chosen over Sarajevo for several reasons, but perhaps primarily because Edinburgh is home to a well-known debian community and several developers. Other priorities included affordability, network connectivity, and good food.
* * * * *
In other Debian news, James Troup reported Wednesday in an email to the debian-devel-announce mailing list that one of their servers, gluck.debian.org, had been compromised. They promptly took that server off-line for investigation and subsequent reinstall. In further response, they tightened security on the others limiting access to DSA only. Minimal to no damage was sustained by the gain of root access due to the kernel vulnerability CVE-2006-2451, although now all servers have had or will have kernel updates performed.
* * * * *
PCLinuxOS has been looking for a new logo for their upcoming highly anticipated release. A contest began in May and over 270 entries were received. Elimination voting narrowed the running to 13 semi-finalists and two wildcard spots were awarded by developers. Final voting begins today at mypclinuxos.com. Six finalists will be chosen by user votes then developers will pick the ultimate winner. The winning logo will be submitted to a patent attorney for evaluation and trademark registration. Good luck to all the entries.
Ladislav Bodnar - Keeper of the Record
While Ladislav is vacationing in sunny Fiji, I figured this would be the perfect time to talk about him behind his back. I'm sure no one reading this is clueless to the fact that Ladislav Bodnar is our benevolent 'keeper of the record.' One can find some nice introductory information on DW's about page. However, as informative as that page is, I wanted to know more. I'm not the typical female found about. Linus Torvalds is "The King." Some of my favorite bands are SUSE, PCLOS, and of course, Gentoo. New distros headline my Saturday night rave. Distrowatch is my Rolling Stone magazine. As such, I've always found Ladislav to be of particular interest. We've had a few email exchanges and I've monitored Distrowatch closely over the years. I found the Distrowatch Weekly offered a bit of an insight to the personality of Ladislav, but I had no idea the depths of this gentleman until he reluctantly agreed to answer my interview questions. I hope you find him as fascinating as I do.
Ladislav Bodnar, who will turn 41 next month, was born in eastern Czechoslovakia and spent most of his formative years in Kosice. He "studied metallurgy at the Technical University in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia, majoring in metallurgy of non-ferrous metals" and subsequently worked in Prague. In 1991 he moved to South Africa where he "spent ten years working for several mining/metallurgical companies." In 2001 he relocated to and currently resides in Taipei, Taiwan with his wife and "two naughty parrots."
Outside of the realm of computing and Linux, some of Ladislav's hobbies include travelling, foreign languages, and physical fitness.
There are many places I am planning to visit in the next few years - I especially enjoy visiting places that are off the beaten track. Just to give you an idea - I'd like to see Antarctica, trek in the Pamir mountains in Tajikistan, or check out the amazing wildlife on the Galapagos islands near Ecuador. Recently I read a book by a 60-year old Frenchman who walked from Turkey to China - this is the kind of adventure that really attracts me.
Most fascinating to me is his love of languages. Perhaps because I've always been tone-deaf to the nuances of foreign languages, it amazes me when someone can not only learn, but become fluent in other languages. English is Ladislav's second language and no one had a clue. His use is flawless. Besides being fluent in Slovak and English, he can "comprehend simple text in French, Spanish, Hungarian, Russian and most other Slavic languages, Chinese and Japanese." In addition, he plans "to start learning Arabic one of these days" when time permits.
I also exercise quite a bit these days - I go jogging about once a week, swimming twice a week and I also practice yoga 2 - 3 hours (my wife is a part-time yoga teacher, so I don't have a choice).
Living in Taipei doesn't lend itself well to owning and operating a motor vehicle. As such, Ladislav's interest in automobiles is practically nonexistent. His favorite foods include anything spicy, but more specifically Thai and Mexican. Being health-conscious, his preferred drink is a bottle of Perrier. He likes popular music and enjoys "listening to some of the popular Asian pop stars from around" Taipei. Of television and movies Ladislav said, "Just about the only thing I watch on TV is sports (especially cricket). Movies? I avoid anything made in Hollywood and Hong Kong, but find myself attracted to the kind of movies that never break any box office records - you know, the ones made in Iran, Russia or Colombia, depicting lives or ordinary people in distant countries."
Like most of us, computers and, more specifically, Linux is probably Ladislav's main focus. What distro does Ladislav run on his personal computer?
Ladislav began using Linux in the year 2000. His first installation was Corel Linux. Due to hardware capability issues, it was soon replaced with Mandrake Linux, which Ladislav states, "was a completely different story!" However, he "was mostly a Windows user until about the middle of 2002" when he "finally switched to Linux full time and removed Windows from [his] computers."
The Bodnar household currently accommodates three functioning computers. They consist of:
1. My main production box - a self-assembled AMD64 3500+ machine with 2GB of RAM and 370GB of hard disk space, an NVIDIA graphics card, CD/DVD burner and a 19" monitor. I use it for all my work + testing the various 64-bit distros.
So which linux distribution does Ladislav run on his personal computer? He tells us, "Right now it's Ubuntu Dapper." Interestingly, he runs the distrowatch.com server on "FreeBSD. Before that it was running on Debian "woody"."
2. My test box - a self-assembled 5-year old machine with Intel Pentium 4 1.4GHz with 384 MB of RAM and two hard disks; the first one has 27 Linux partitions, while the second one has just one - I keep it for testing those distros that insist on taking over the entire hard disk.
3. A Toshiba satellite laptop, used mostly by my wife. It has Windows XP (it came with the thing) + Ubuntu Dapper. My wife doesn't care so much which operating system she uses, but she does need Windows for work sometimes.
DistroWatch went live 31 May 2001 and contained detailed information on 12 Linux distributions: "CLE (a community project from Taiwan), Caldera Open Linux, Corel Linux, Debian GNU/Linux, Libranet GNU/Linux, Linpus Linux (my employer at the time), Mandrake Linux, Progeny Debian, Red Hat Linux, Slackware Linux, SuSE Linux and Turbolinux." An early snapshot of the site can be found at web.archive.org.
DistroWatch began as a task for Ladislav's then employer. He recalls,
I needed to create a comparison matrix of all the main distributions and identify some strong points of ours. To save time, I started with searching for a usable resource on the Internet, but to my surprise, I couldn't find any page that would provide a comprehensive and up-to-date comparison of the main Linux distributions. So I spent the next few days compiling the data from each distro's web site. Once it was done I thought that there might be others who would find such a comparison useful, so I registered a free web page with an ISP and uploaded the data.
Soon, the page was getting more visitors than the free web service could handle, so I registered the distrowatch.com domain name and moved the site to the domain registrar's web hosting service and later to a web server hosted by the Linux From Scratch project. But DistroWatch.com was growing so fast that less than two years since I started it I found myself renting a dedicated server to keep up with all the traffic!
SL: Did you have any idea that your site would become the enormous success that it has (i.e., sheer number of visitors, extensively quoted, and even relied upon as a necessary tool)?
Ladislav: Never in my wildest dreams had I imagined that one day the site would be visited by 80,000 - 100,000 people every day!
SL: Your site appears to be php (is that right?), yet I've not seen another like it. Did you write all the code for DistroWatch yourself or is it a cms (or other)?
Ladislav: Yes, it's all PHP, which I wrote myself. Initially the pages were static HTML, but about a year after launching the site I switched to PHP. It's not really what you'd call a CMS - for example, there is no web front for submitting stories or updating the pages. Most of the work is still done by editing text files, uploading them to the server and running a few bash scripts. I don't think it's a very elegant system, but since it ain't broken....
SL: Which database do you use on the backend?
Ladislav: The general distribution data are in a handful of SQLite tables, while all the package version data are in plain text files. There is no SQL server running on the server hosting DistroWatch.
SL: What do you think about the explosion in the number of distros past few years?
Ladislav: I don't want to think too much about that. My first priority is to report about them, so it doesn't matter if there are just a dozen distributions or if there are a thousand of them.
That said, the fact is that there _are_ too many distributions. Not because there are 500+ of them, but because the lifespan of most of them can be counted in months rather than years. That means that many distribution projects start with great enthusiasm just to die after hitting the first obstacles or after completing their first release. Especially creating a Linux live CD is so pathetically easy these days that every Tom, Dick and Harry has one.
As a result, one of my new responsibilities is to try to differentiate between really good, unique distro projects that might make an impact on the Linux/BSD scene, and the many vanity distros that will probably disappear after a couple of months. Developers' enthusiasm is no longer enough to make a correct call; there needs to be something truly unique that would arouse curiosity - perhaps a new way of presenting the desktop or a new combination of software + kernel (good examples are Symphony OS, Nexenta or PC-BSD).
SL: How does a distro gets added to your waiting list?
Ladislav: There are several ways. Many distro creators email me to let me know about their new baby. I also log what visitors type in the search box on DistroWatch and if a word appears regularly then it probably is a new distro. Of course, I also monitor dozens of Linux news sites for news about new distributions.
SL: What are the criteria for then being included in your Linux distro database?
Ladislav: There are no firm criteria. Obviously it would be great if I didn't have to maintain a "waiting list" and if all new distros could be added straight into the main database - but then I'd be doing nothing else than listing new distros! So I look at each new distro with a critical eye of somebody who has been monitoring the world of distributions for 5 years and try to judge if it is worth the time it takes to create a new page. There are many subtle criteria that hint at the usefulness of the distro: Does it offer anything unique? Does it have a logo? Does its web site look respectable? Are there spelling errors or broken links on the site? Does it offer mailing lists, user forums, wikis...? Does it offer free downloads? Does it have enough mirrors?
Creating a live CD is dead easy. Creating a complete project infrastructure for users to enjoy is not.
SL: How do you keep up with all the happenings in the Linux world?
Ladislav: One word: Liferea. A fantastic tool! Liferea, email, DistroWatch search box logs and a handful of bash scripts that crawl FTP and HTTP servers in regular intervals.
SL: What is the first website you visit upon rising each day? Second?
Ladislav: Well, obviously my first concern after I wake up in the morning is whether I missed any important distribution release while I was enjoying my sleep. So the first thing I do is to check my email. Many distribution maintainers email me to let me know about a new release, but there might also be emails generated by some scripts that traverse FTP and HTTP servers of many distributions and warn me if there is any interesting activity. Then I shift my attention on to Liferea, which has a collection of about 300 RSS feeds from various Linux and BSD web sites from all over the world. Again, the first thing I do is to scan the feeds from distribution web sites to see if there were any release announcements.
If I had to name two web sites that are my first stops on my morning routine then it would have to be OSNews and Tuxmachines (no, I am not kidding!). Both of them adhere to a publishing philosophy similar to DistroWatch - namely that they are very fast with publishing stories and that they often publish stories not found on other news sites. The fact that both run original stories from time to time is a bonus. OSNews has lost some of its luster since Eugenia gave up her day-to-day responsibilities on the site, but it's still worth checking out.
I used to enjoy visiting the Linux/UNIX section on Digg.com, but lately I find the whole concept somewhat flawed - many readers don't bother checking if a story has already been published and are happy to submit the same story over and over, while others keep "spamming" the place - I am really sick and tired of all the silly "screenshot tour" stories that keep popping up over there. Digg.com carries good stories too, but it's a pity that some people are not disciplined enough to keep it clean and useful.
SL: Are you associated with any other sites?
Ladislav: Not really associated. I write (or used to write) for LWN.net and Linux Format, but it's all strictly on a freelance basis.
SL: Have you ever entertained notions of starting another site? What would it be like?
Ladislav: Yes, a couple of years ago I was thinking about creating a general Linux news site. For various reasons I was dissatisfied with the existing ones and thought that the community deserved a better coverage of Linux news - from a community viewpoint, if you like. But before I had a chance to think it over, Lxer.com came into existence and it filled the gap very nicely.
SL: Do you have anybody helping out with the maintenance of dw?
Ladislav: DistroWatch started as a one-man project and it's still 95% one-man project five years later. That said, there a few regular contributors - WT Zhu who keeps a close eye on spelling and grammar on the site, Robert Storey who writes occasional articles, and Shawn Milo who narrates the podcast edition of DistroWatch Weekly. There is also a legion of volunteer translators, some more active than others and irregular contributors of articles, corrections and bug reports. But the meat of the site, i.e. the news section, the distro pages and DistroWatch Weekly are all maintained and written by myself.
SL: Do you still enjoy working on dw as much as in the beginning?
Ladislav: It depends on what time of the day you ask me :-) If it's in the morning when I am still fresh and enthusiastic, then the answer is yes. But if I am just about ready to retire for the night and suddenly there are two new announcements in my mailbox, then you'd probably hear some swearing if you were in the same room!
But seriously, it's hard to compare 5 years ago with now. In the beginning, you couldn't get me away from the computer - that's how much I wanted to work on the site, look for news, write stories... I think I must have spent 12 - 16 hours a day working on DistroWatch during the first 2 - 3 years. Nowadays, things are a bit more settled - I try not to work more than 8 hours a day, except for the days when there are important releases or when I have an article deadline. In the beginning, I replied to every single email I received, but now I can't - otherwise I'd be still working 12 - 16 hours a day!
Working at the Nuclear Research Institute in Prague and for diamond mining companies off the Atlantic Ocean coast of South Africa and Namibia is a long way from IT and maintaining DistroWatch. After the seven year stint on diamond mining ships, Ladislav became "interested in computing and decided to enroll in a distance course in computer programming (C and Visual Basic)" and later became interested in Linux. Wanting to work in IT, he "came across a job with a Taiwan-based Linux company called Linpus Technologies." Starting in 2001, he remained with Linpus Technologies for approximately 18 months before leaving to work on DistroWatch fulltime. Ladislav also does some freelance writing for Linux Weekly News (lwn.net) and Linux Format (www.linuxformat.co.uk).
Linux Format magazine is a very popular monthly Linux publication. Ladislav states of his duties there, "My relationship with Linux Format started about a year ago when the magazine's editor Nick Veitch emailed me to ask whether I'd be interested in maintaining a 2-page "Distrowatch" section in the magazine. Since I really enjoy the publication (I have been a subscriber for over 5 years), I agreed and that's why you can now see my face in every issue of the magazine."
What started as a hobby has become an icon for Linux distribution information in the Linux community and beyond. Many have found it to be an indispensable resource, while many others have found it a tremendous help in choosing a new operating system. It caters to the full spectrum of users, from newcomer to highly experienced. Its data are quoted on numerous websites and its Page Hit Rankings have become a gauge of Linux distribution success.
Ladislav has said time and time again not to take the distribution Page Hit Ranking too seriously, but still it is considered by many to be, at least somewhat, authoritative. I, myself, use it as an indication of community interest. Although specific numbers can be manipulated to an extent, it still makes for a good starting point.
More importantly, as a Linux website editor, Distrowatch is my main tool for learning of new releases and deciding about which distros to write. In fact, it is also my greatest resource in finding the websites for the individual distributions and a shortcut to downloading. It is my one-stop shop for Linux and BSD distros. My site wouldn't exist, at least in its present incarnation, without DistroWatch. What would we do without Ladislav?
Kate OS 3.0 Beta 1
Kate OS 3.0 Beta 1 was released a few days ago and is well on its way to final release. I've long been a fan of Kate OS and very much enjoy seeing it evolve and mature. On the surface, one never knows what the next release will bring. For me that's part of its charm. Underneath, it updates and improves, yet remains stable and true to its goals.
Kate OS is a Linux operating system once based on Slackware Linux. It expands the Slackware installer to include not only extra software package groups, but adds options to aid in the configuration of the system. It doesn't complicate the process, yet when the new system boots, it is ready to work and play.
The default desktop is Xfce4. Kate OS includes other desktops such as fluxbox or windowmaker, and separate module downloads can provide Gnome or KDE. It comes with all the standard applications expected and sometimes a bit of the unexpected. In addition, Kate OS has its own package management system to simplify the installation of software called updateos.
This release is looking great. The theme this time consists of a fruity gel motif. The wallpaper features a lovely rendering of strawberries accompanied by the os name. The background is a blending of darker yellows to sunshine orange. The windec is a brownish or perhaps a dark bronze, in a raised 3D effect with tasteful inlaid buttons. This is a bit of a departure from the mascaline sci-fi theme of version 2.3. As stated, one never knows what look and feel will come in the next release of Kate OS. I find this to be an exciting element of their whole philosophy. It's an indication of the attention to detail applied to the distro. It adds polish and a sense of completion. Not only that, one never gets bored. There's always a reason to download the new release of Kate OS, even it's just to see the new theme.
New themes aren't the only reason to download new releases of Kate OS. They are constantly updating and improving their operating system. This release brings the very latest in versions of our favorite applications such as Firefox 126.96.36.199, OpenOffice.org 2.0.3, Mplayer 1.0pre8, Xorg 7.1, and Xfce 188.8.131.52. Also with this release one can now write to their NTFS partition.
Some exciting new developments are taking place with Kate OS. Quoting lead developer Damian Rakowski, "Inside the Kate OS project, three subprojects have been created - libsmarttools (basic classes/functions used in updateos2 ), libupdateos (provides simple API for remote operations on TGZex packages), and updateos2 (CLI interface for libupdateos). These projects will simplify the process of creating new system tools, and are intended to underlie a uniform package management system."
I am very much looking forward to final release of Kate OS 3.0 and testing more extensively. For now we can see some wonderfully exciting new looks, the software versions, and improvements to original tools. Kate OS is always rock solid and stable with better than average performance. If this beta is any indication, I'm sure Kate OS will stay on my top 10 list for many years to come.
|Released Last Week
BLAG Linux And GNU 50000
Jeff Moe has announced the final release of BLAG Linux And GNU 50000 - a single-CD, Fedora-based distribution with multimedia support and extra applications: "BLAG 50000 ('grass') has been released. BLAG 50000 is based on Fedora Core 5 and uses packages from Extras, FreshRPMS, Dries, and ATrpms. It includes all Fedora updates as of time of release." The new version is built on top of the Linux kernel 2.6.17, with glibc 2.4, X.Org 7.0, GNOME 2.14.1, Firefox 184.108.40.206, the latest GNOME Office, and a collection of multimedia applications, codecs and libraries. Please see the release announcement for further details and download links.
BeleniX 0.4.4 has been released. What's new in the latest version of the OpenSolaris-based live CD? "This release marks one more important step for live CD performance. After a couple of months of hacking and testing, this release includes an enhancement to the HSFS filesystem module that improves CD-ROM access time by up to 30%. The source code for the modified HSFS module along with context diffs can be downloaded here. In addition, a bunch of work is going around packaging so the next major release should be complete with packaging based on Pkgsrc." Visit the project's home page to read the full release announcement.
Bruce Smith has announced the release of Devil-Linux 1.2.10: "I'm proud to announce v1.2.10 of Devil-Linux has been released. This release includes many new packages, updates to newer versions for many existing packages, and various bug fixes." The Linux kernel in the new version of the popular firewall/server live CD has been upgraded to version 2.4.32 (patched with Grsecurity), while the list of newly added packages includes Awstats, Curl, DSPAM, Logwatch, mod_perl, Nmap and NUT. Read the release announcement and changelog for further details.
BSD Release: PC-BSD 1.2
"PC-BSD software is pleased to announce the immediate availability of PC-BSD 1.2 for x86 based processors. PC-BSD 1.2 now utilizes the FreeBSD advanced ULE scheduler and is compiled with optimizations for 686 processors (all support for 386, 486 and 586 microcode is disabled in kernel). This release of PC-BSD ushers in a new era of stability and simplicity for desktop operating systems based on UNIX, making it a solid release for home and business usage. Version 1.2 is powered by the latest FreeBSD 6.1 OS and integrated with the popular KDE 3.5.3 desktop environment." Read the press release for more information.
Jaromil has announced dyne:bolic 2.1, an updated version of the recently released version 2.0 of the distribution targetting media producers and artists: "Version 2.1 is out with an updated kernel, important fixes and new audio applications." Updates and fixes since 2.0 include: "upgrade to kernel 2.6.17; fix to dock and nest on USB storage; support for LVM and raid volumes; network file system tools; new in audio: Seq24, SooperLooper, Rosegarden, Icecast; fixes to MuSE (updated to development version); better VGA detection; miscellaneous fixes to desktop usability." See the release announcement for a more complete list of changes.
Endian Firewall 2.0
Endian Firewall 2.0 "Community" edition is out: "Endian Firewall 2 released! Endian Firewall is a 'turn-key' Linux security distribution that turns every system into a full-featured security appliance." From the release notes: "HTTP Antivirus now supports video/music streaming useragents, so HTTP virus scanning does not prohibit streaming; ClamAV anti-virus engine updated to the latest release, now configurable via web administration Interface; outgoing firewall enhancements; SMTP proxy now supports authentication against IMAP server...."
Dreamlinux 2.0 Works
The version 2.0 of the Dreamlinux distro is available, called WORKS and it brings the most known Linux apps for a production environment, like OpenOffice, Inkscape, Gimp, etc. Full support to multimedia, automatic detection of video cards and monitors, and the version 2.5 of MKDistro, tool for distros' building. More info and links for download can be found at the project's homepage.
* * * * *
Development and unannounced releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
DistroWatch database summary|
* * * * *
I just want to thank everyone for tuning in this week while our fearless leader is on vacation. I can not even dream of trying to fill his shoes, but I hope this week's newsletter can somewhat keep you up-to-date with the happenings in our Linux community. Also, I hope you enjoyed our in-depth interview with Ladislav Bodnar. I want to thank him for participating. I'll be here with you for two more weeks, and as I don't have the resources and connections Ladislav has, I'd welcome any pointers to the latest in news around the community. If you'd like to contribute, please feel free to email me with links. Thank you again, and have a great week!
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 220.127.116.11, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Issue 763 (2018-05-14): Fedora 28, Debian compatibility coming to Chrome OS, malware found in some Snaps, Debian's many flavours|
|• Issue 762 (2018-05-07): TrueOS 18.03, live upgrading Raspbian, Mint plans future releases, HardenedBSD to switch back to OpenSSL|
|• Issue 761 (2018-04-30): Ubuntu 18.04, accessing ZFS snapshots, UBports to run on Librem 5 phones, Slackware makes PulseAudio optional|
|• Issue 760 (2018-04-23): Chakra 2017.10, using systemd to hide files, Netrunner's ARM edition, Debian 10 roadmap, Microsoft develops Linux-based OS|
|• Issue 759 (2018-04-16): Neptune 5.0, building containers with Red Hat, antiX introduces Sid edition, fixing filenames on the command line|
|• Issue 758 (2018-04-09): Sortix 1.0, openSUSE's Transactional Updates, Fedora phasing out Python 2, locating portable packages|
|• Issue 757 (2018-04-02): Gatter Linux 0.8, the UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook, Red Hat turns 25, super long term support kernels|
|• Issue 756 (2018-03-26): NuTyX 10.0, Neptune supplies Debian users with Plasma 5.12, SolydXK on a Raspberry Pi, SysV init development|
|• Issue 755 (2018-03-19): Learning with ArchMerge and Linux Academy, Librem 5 runs Plasma Mobile, Cinnamon gets performance boost|
|• Issue 754 (2018-03-12): Reviewing Sabayon and Antergos, the growing Linux kernel, BSDs getting CPU bug fixes, Manjaro builds for ARM devices|
|• Issue 753 (2018-03-05): Enso OS 0.2, KDE Plasma 5.12 features, MX Linux prepares new features, interview with MidnightBSD's founder|
|• Issue 752 (2018-02-26): OviOS 2.31, performing off-line upgrades, elementary OS's new installer, UBports gets test devices, Redcore team improves security|
|• Issue 751 (2018-02-19): DietPi 6.1, testing KDE's Plasma Mobile, Nitrux packages AppImage in default install, Solus experiments with Wayland|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Gelecek was a Turkish Linux distribution based on Fedora Core.
|Tips, Tricks, Myths and Q&As |
|Questions and answers: Distributions for older hardware|
|Tips and tricks: Check free disk space, wait for a process, command line spell-check, shutdown PC when CPU gets hot|
|Tips and tricks: Play nicely, drop secure shell sessions cleanly, check init's name|
|Myths and misunderstandings: The massive memory myth|
|Myths and misunderstandings: The spread of systemd and launchd|
|Questions and answers: Comparing Linux and BSD|
|Tips and tricks: Advanced file systems, network traffic, running a script at login/logout|
|Tips and tricks: Copying columns of text, organizing files, creating torrents|
|Questions and answers: Addressing GPL violations|
|Questions and answers: Security and potential malware in Linux distributions|
|More Tips & Tricks and Questions & Answers|