| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 25, 24 November 2003
SUSE LINUX 9.0 FTP Edition
Several users have suggested that DistroWatch should be slightly more "newbie-friendly" by providing some more basic content in an easy-to-understand language. Since SUSE has just released their complete 9.0 distribution to the FTP servers (and mirrors), perhaps a simple installation walk-through for those who have never done it will be useful.
Firstly, you have to meet some basic conditions before you can start:
Now follow these steps:
- You have to have a broadband connection. There is no way to install the FTP edition of SUSE LINUX via a modem connection, even if you have plenty of patience.
- If your broadband connection is of a PPPoE type (i.e. requires username and password to log in), you will not be able to proceed with installation. A good workaround is to buy a broadband router with a built in DHCP server; they are inexpensive, easy to setup in a web browser and save you plenty of time and hassles.
If you've never installed Linux before, you will be pleased to know that SUSE's 9.0 installer is now able to resize a Windows XP partition, create some empty space and setup your boot loader to dual boot Windows and SUSE. Once you get to a stage where the installation program starts downloading and installing the necessary files, you can take a long break - even with a broadband connection and a fast mirror, count on at least 3 hours before the default installation with KDE and OpenOffice completes. Also please note that SUSE no longer ships the NVIDIA driver, which you will have to download and install separately if you want 3D capabilities. The NVIDIA module compiles cleanly on SUSE Linux 9.0, but you will have to install the kernel sources (with YaST, SUSE's configuration utility) before attempting to compile the NVIDIA drivers.
- Find an available, complete mirror before you start the installation (SUSE provides a list of German and international mirrors). Once you find one, you need to get its IP address by "pinging" the FTP server. This you can do by typing 'ping ftp.suse.com' (replace 'ftp.suse.com' with the mirror of your choice) on the command line (this command works both in Linux and in DOS) and record the numerical string you receive (in the ftp.suse.com example, this would be 18.104.22.168). Write it down, because you will need this number later. Be smart and don't use the main SUSE FTP server to install SUSE Linux.
- Besides recording your chosen mirror's IP address, you will also need to write down the exact path of the 9.0 directory on the server. In case of SUSE's main FTP server at ftp.suse.com, this would be 'pub/suse/i386/9.0', but each mirror is different, so get the right path from the mirror you chose to use. Write it down.
- Download the boot.iso image which you can find in 9.0/boot directory of your chosen mirror. On ftp.suse.com this image would be here. Its size is 22,708,224 bytes.
- Burn the ISO image onto a CD. In case you don't have a CD burner, you can initiate the installation from a set of floppy disks downloadable from the same directory as the ISO image. The process is considerably more involved, so read the README files (also available in the same directory) before you proceed.
- Boot from the CD, select the "Install SUSE LINUX" option and follow the instructions. They are logical with the only "gotcha" being the need to load the correct kernel module (hardware driver) for your network card. This is done from the main menu, but you will need to know the exact name of your network card's kernel module. Get out the relevant documentation and be prepared to search the Internet to find the answer.
- Once your network card module is loaded, you will be able to access the FTP server you chose previously. Just select "Network" as your type of installation, select "FTP" as your source, fill in the IP address and path you have written down in the first two steps and you are ready to go.
Once you get to know and enjoy SUSE, and end up using it on a regular basis, consider buying the full boxed product. Those in North America can take advantage of Amazon's current special on the SUSE Linux 9.0 Professional edition at US$38.95 (update: this special is no longer available and the price is back at US$64.99), which includes the most comprehensive documentation of any Linux distribution by far. SUSE LINUX is also rapidly rising in terms of usage, especially due to recent unpopular policy changes at Red Hat and apparent lack of quality control at MandrakeSoft.
Whatever you do, have a lot of fun :-)
Screenshot: SUSE LINUX 9.0 Download Edition
(full image size 264kB)
|Released Last Week
The ADIOS project has released ADIOS 2.00, a Red Hat-based live CD developed by the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane: "ADIOS boot CD version 2.00 November 2003 now has support for LIDS (Linux Intrusion Detection System) and SELinux. The ADIOS live CD uses a compressed loopback filesystem and has support for UML (User Mode Linux) virtual machines. It is a custom installation of Red Hat 9 running kernel 2.4.22 and supporting X11 windows desktop environments of KDE, Gnome and IceWM. The ADIOS live Linux boot CD ISO images are located at the download site /iso/adios. Previous versions of ADIOS and addendums are also available. Before starting, read the ADIOS BootCD Installation Guide. Here is as example of ADIOS BootCD Resource web page."
A new version (3.3-2003-11-19) of the Knoppix live CD has been released. From the changelog: "V3.3-2003-11-19 (Updates) - vpnc (Open Source Cisco client); prelink; qt3-designer; lots of updated packages; removed, for space reasons: selfhtml, sodipodi, abiword, karbon."
A new version of SystemRescueCd has been released. From the changelog: "The system can be installed on an USB stick (128 MB or better); added network tools: iptraf, nmap, pppoeconf, netcat; added support for i810-FrameBuffer (for Dell laptops); updated QtParted to 0.4.1_pre4 (many bugfixes), QtEmbedded to 3.2.3; DAR (Disk Archiver) to 2.0.0; Clam-AntiVirus to 0.65; Ntfsprogs to 1.8.0, ChkRootKit to 0.42b; removed the warning at kernel boot about cud driver; added testdisk, unace, smartmontools, ren, rename; made ISO smaller (removed translation files); an HTML version of the manual is available from the CD-ROM; fixed problems in the FI (finish) keymap." See the distribution's web site to find out more about the project.
Puppy Linux 0.7.8
This is a new release from the Puppy Linux project: "Puppy live-CD version 0.7.8 uploaded. The ISO is now 41MB, and has the 'kitchen sink' in it, including Mozilla web browser and Scribus desktop publishing. Release notes: To run Puppy, just burn the cd-puppy.iso to CD and boot up your PC from the CD. This version of Puppy runs in a 48M ramdisk. Yes, Mozilla, Scribus, everything, the entire filesystem, is in the ramdisk, so no application has to ever be loaded off the hard drive. This means speed, speed, speed! Puppy so far has been developed on a Redhat 8.0 host, however I am now going to investigate rebuilding Puppy from scratch using Slackware 9.1. Slackware is designed to run on a minimum 586 class CPU. Also, I plan to design Puppy to run on PCs with very little RAM, as little as 32M. I'm reluctant to predict anything, as this is basically a fun project and I follow whims, but roughly this is what to expect in the next release." See the complete release announcement.
Debian GNU/Linux 3.0r2
The second revision of Debian Woody has been officially released: "This is the second update of Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 (codename 'woody') which mainly adds security updates to the stable release, along with a few corrections of serious bugs. Those who frequently update from security.debian.org won't have to update many packages and most updates from security.debian.org are included in this update. Please note that this update does not produce a new version of Debian GNU/Linux 3.0 but only adds a few updated packages to it. There is no need to throw away 3.0 CDs but only to update against ftp.debian.org after an installation, in order to incorporate those late changes. Upgrading to this revision online is usually done by pointing the 'apt' package tool to one of Debian's many FTP or HTTP mirrors." See the the official announcement for a complete list of changes.
SUSE LINUX 9.0 Download Edition
As reported in last week's DistroWatch Weekly, SUSE LINUX 9.0 is now available for FTP/HTTP installation directly from remote servers. The usual download rush has made many mirrors hard to access, but you can try your luck by searching for an available one on these lists of German and international mirrors. Installation is not difficult; first download the boot.iso (21.7MB) and burn it onto a CD, then boot from it and let the installation program guide you through the process. If you get stuck, you can refer to our earlier review of SUSE LINUX, which includes instructions for FTP installation and other helpful hints.
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
College Linux 2.5
College Linux has announced an imminent release of version 2.5, based on Slackware Linux 9.1: "CollegeLinux 2.5. is scheduled to be released on the 30 November next. Still finishing the last details, but it will be worth the wait."
|Web Site News
New on the waiting list
- ViruX. ViruX Linux Live CD is a Swedish distribution based on Linux from Scratch and Knoppix. The ViruX web site is in Swedish. The addition of ViruX has brought the number of distribution in the DistroWatch database to 200.
Removed from the waiting list
- AnNyung. AnNyung is a Korean Linux distribution based on Red Hat Linux.
- LIIS Linux. LIIS Linux is a Latvian Linux distribution based on Skolelinux.
- gnUserLinux. gnUserLinux is a new Debian-based distribution by Bruce Perens. It's pronounced "User Linux", the gn is silent but present in the written form. The name is meant to mean "GNU Linux with the User in the middle." Find out more in What Would UserLinux Look Like? and UserLinux – The Leaning Linux Tower of Babel? by LinuxWorld.
- Correction: KDLC is a Vietnamese Linux live CD based on Mandrake, not on Knoppix as we incorrectly reported last week.
DistroWatch database summary
- BlueSock Linux has not updated their web site since the release of beta 1 on 20 June 2003.
- Number of distributions in the database: 200
- Number of discontinued distributions: 25
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 71
On categorising distributions
This is an updated list which will be used to create a searchable database of distributions based on various categories. Some of the suggested categories have been rejected; as an example, categorising distributions based on memory requirements is difficult since many distributions provide minimum requirements for various usage scenarios. Other rejected suggestion was an "ease of use" category, which is too subjective to have any useful meaning and "speed" category, which would require some extensive benchmarking (and watch for the flames if Gentoo happens to end up on any position other than the very top :-)).
If we left out any category that you would like to see included, please comment below.
- Package management (RPM, DEB, TGZ, SRC...)
- Parent distribution (Red Hat, Debian, Slackware...)
- Architecture (Intel, PowerPC, Alpha, AMD-64...)
- Target hardware (i386, i586, i686, old hardware...)
- Target focus (Server, Desktop, Firewall, Security, Multimedia, Educational, Children...)
- Language (Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, Portuguese...)
- Installation type (text mode, graphical, live CD, floppy-based...)
- Free download (yes, no)
- Default desktop environment (KDE, GNOME, IceWM, Fluxbox...)
Last week's call for a volunteer coder to take over Timesavers has resulted in 4 applications. One of the applicants has already started investigating the file layout and he seems to have accepted the challenge, so things should start moving forward shortly. We'll keep you up-to-date with the progress.
That's all for today, keep well and see you next Monday :-)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 815 (2019-05-20): Sabayon 19.03, Clear Linux's developer features, Red Hat explains MDS flaws, an overview of mobile distro options|
|• Issue 814 (2019-05-13): Fedora 30, distributions publish Firefox fixes, CentOS publishes roadmap to 8.0, Debian plans to use Wayland by default|
|• Issue 813 (2019-05-06): ROSA R11, MX seeks help with systemd-shim, FreeBSD tests unified package management, interview with Gael Duval|
|• Issue 812 (2019-04-29): Ubuntu MATE 19.04, setting up a SOCKS web proxy, Scientific Linux discontinued, Red Hat takes over Java LTS support|
|• Issue 811 (2019-04-22): Alpine 3.9.2, rsync examples, Ubuntu working on ZFS support, Debian elects new Project Leader, Obarun releases S6 tools|
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 22.214.171.124, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Full list of all issues|
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|Random Distribution |
RebeccaBlackOS is a Debian-based live distribution which can be used to run Wayland desktop sessions. RebeccaBlackOS can run a number of popular open source desktop environments on top of a Wayland graphical session. The distribution was (and remains) one of the only Linux distributions to run a Wayland session from live media. The distribution is available in 32-bit and 64-bit builds for the x86 architecture.