| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 16, 22 September 2003
Debian releases Sarge "netinst" CDs
Debian has released new netinst.iso images for the upcoming stable release, code name Sarge. Although the installation is still in text mode, one major improvement over the Woody netinst CD is the autodetection of hardware. This is a very useful enhancement as it will no longer be necessary to manually select the correct kernel modules during installation. Of course, those who prefer the old manual way and those who need to pass optional parameters to modules can still do so. The netinst CDs are still under development so don't expect everything to work flawlessly. They come in two sizes - 60MB or 120MB and you can download them from here.
How to upgrade to Mandrake Linux 9.2 without re-installing
Since a new Mandrake release should be out any time now, I decided to see how easy it is to upgrade -- without re-installation -- a vanilla Mandrake 9.1 release to version 9.2 (or more precisely, to the current "Cooker" version). At the time of writing, Mandrake Cooker is probably very close to what Mandrake 9.2 will look like, sans some last minute bug fixes. I followed these two documents to help me with the upgrade: Cooker HOWTO and How to upgrade Mandrake easily with only one reboot, but to sum it all up: after updating the urpmi source to point to the nearest mirror containing the "cooker" directory, only three commands were needed to upgrade the entire distribution:
urpmi --auto-select --no-verify-rpm --auto
The process took several hours, but it did eventually complete without a hitch. The upgrade process with urpmi was a surprisingly positive experience, similar to upgrading Debian. Upon reboot, I found myself in a brand new Mandrake Linux 9.2 (almost final). As soon as the final version is released, I will simply update my urpmi sources to point to the 9.2 directory (instead of the "cooker" directory) and run the above three commands again. This will bring my Mandrake system up to 9.2 final, without going through the re-install process with a new set of ISO images. It seems that Mandrake developers have done an excellent job with their urpmi utility and the hard work of splitting the binary packages into core packages and libraries has paid off.
Has anybody been using Cooker instead of the stable release? What are your experiences? Please discuss below.
Encouraged by the success of updating Mandrake, I went on to try the same with other major distributions - Debian, Red Hat, Slackware and SuSE. It was a very interesting experiment and you will find the full report about the successes and failures in this week's edition of Linux Weekly News on Thursday.
|Released Last Week
A very busy week for distribution releases, both stable and development versions.
A new GNOPPIX release: "The GNOPPIX project proudly announces the release of version 0.5.4 of the GNOPPIX Linux live CD. Version 0.5.4 come with lots of improvements compared to the 0.5-x series. This version includes lots of additional software to make it more usable and it's capable of some languages (pass "lang=LG" where LG is your country code). Grab it from the download section." See the announcement on the distribution's home page and further details in the changelog.
Kurumin Linux 2.03
The Kurumin project released Kurumin Linux 2.03 with two major new features. The first one ("knoppix toram") is the ability to load the entire system into RAM without having to keep the Kurumin CD in the CD-ROM drive. This option requires at least 256MB of memory. The second new feature (e.g. "knoppix tohd hda2") is the ability to run the system from free space within a temporary partition on a hard disk (currently only FAT, ext2 or ext3 file systems are supported). As for package updates, MPlayer has been upgraded to version 1.0pre1. Find more information in the announcement and on the Kurumin 2.03 page (both links in Portuguese).
Cool Linux 2.3
Cool Linux 2.3 was released. From the changelog: "Fixed mount CD problem, now first CD is Cool Linux CD; added timeouts in bootup procedure - 30 seconds for kernel select and 15 seconds for other options select; if detected PS/2 mouse, then you can select mouse wheel present; XFree86 now works without font server (xfs); updated e2fsprogs, reiserfsprogs and xfsprogs; DVD desktop shortcut now launches xine; updated MPlayer to version 1.0pre1; added avidemux2 video converter..." The rest of the changelog.
Plamo Linux 3.3
The Plamo Linux project, a Slackware-based Japanese Linux distribution, released Plamo Linux 3.3. Besides upgrades to Linux Kernel 2.4.22 and KDE 3.1.3, this version is mostly a bug fix release. Plamo 3.3 information and errata (in Japanese).
Yellow Dog Linux 3.0.1
Terra Soft Solutions updated its Yellow Dog Linux product to version 3.0.1: "Yellow Dog Linux v3.0.1 ships with all errata as of 2003/09/04, kernel 2.4.22 (Xserve rev2, PowerBook 17" rev1 sans fan support), and improved installer (no more dual drive bug!). Available now from the Terra Soft Store and YDL.net Enhanced accounts." See the announcement on the distribution's home page and the YDL 3.0 errata page for further details.
Lycoris Desktop/LX Update 3
The long awaited Lycoris Desktop/LX, Update 3 was finally announced late on Friday. This is the distribution's first stable release for almost 14 months. Unlike the last stable release - Update 2, this one is not available for free download, although according to community information, it will be possible to update a recent beta build to the final version with Lycoris's update utility later this week. The full ISO images will be released to general public on 1 November 2003, claims this post. The pricing has changed too, the single-CD edition now costs US$40 (Update 2 was US$20) and the Deluxe edtiion, which includes development libraries and source code now retails for US$50 (Update 2 was US$40). Users who had previously purchased Lycoris Desktop/LX and have a valid license can take advantage of a special upgrade price of US$15 (media only). Read the full release announcement.
Puppy Linux 0.7
A new distribution on our list, Puppy Linux is a minimalist distribution that can boot off a flash card or any USB memory device, CDROM, Zip disk or LS/120/240 Superdisk, floppy disk or from an internal hard drive. Version 0.7 was released on Sunday: "Puppy Linux version 0.7 has just been uploaded. The Puppy web pages need to be updated - allow me some time to sift through them. This is the 'big K' version, which has The Qt library v2.3 and two applications that use the library, Konqueror-embedded web browser and Scribus desktop publishing v0.6. Konq-e is about 6MB, Qt about 5MB, Scribus about 1.2MB." See the rest of the announcement.
A brand new Knoppix 3.3 (V3.3-2003-09-22) was released early this week. From the changelog: "Added AX25 protocol support on request; boot option tohd=hda1 changed to tohd=/dev/hda1 for consistence; new and improved unofficial installer "knoppix-installer" from Fabian Franz; service menu for Samba export; re-added xchat; ddcxinfo-knoppix now uses extended monitor modelines from Kano by default." See the complete changelog and package list.
A new Slackware-Live was also released early this week. New in version 188.8.131.52: "Added new kernel 2.4.22 with XFS support, precompiled from Slackware; added new hotplug 2003_08_05; added alsa sound drivers, kernel modules and binaries; added cups, dvd+rw tools, fluxbox 0.9.6pre1, mplayer 1.0pre1; fixed some configsave, configrestore and proftpd config bugs." More details in the changelog and package list. Besides the release, another new addition to the Slackware-Live web site is a discussion forum.
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Red Hat Linux
Expect a major announcement from Red Hat later today - yes, again. That's because preparations for hurricane Isabel threatening North Carolina last week were more important than public relations so the much expected announcement about the new name and future direction of the Red Hat Linux Project was postponed by 1 week: "We are excited to announce that we are working on an alliance with another well-known provider of Red-Hat compatible packages. We are doing work on renaming the project and will re-launch the web site after that renaming is done. In the meantime, a wide range of updates to the first test release of Severn, including GNOME 2.4, are available on RHN in the "Red Hat Linux (Severn) 9.0.93 - Beta Updates" channel. Please subscribe and update! We will update our web site with the new name and new schedule by Monday the 22nd of September, weather permitting. The exact timing of the next test release of Severn will depend on the weather and on our weather preparations; for now all we know for sure is that our weather preparations will not allow us to make a release this week."
SuSE Linux 9.0 available for pre-order
If you live in Germany or neighbouring countries, you can now pre-order SuSE Linux 9.0 from Amazon.de:
According to Amazon.de, the product is scheduled to start shipping on 23 October. Also check out the new look SuSE web site, which has been re-designed - quite possibly for the upcoming official announcement of SuSE Linux 9.0. As always, we'll keep you up-to-date.
Onebase Linux 2.0
Onebase Linux has announced version 2.0, due to be released tomorrow: "The next major release Onebase 2.0 is expected to be released on September 23rd. It will include a number of changes like replacing the buggy install-log logging utility, improvements to the installer, bringing a major change to the OLM with a new framework by providing global variables, three-script to one-script formulae, new features and much more. Post your suggestions, todos and changes you require for the 2.x."
|Web Site News
New on the waiting list
- Puppy Linux. Yes, Puppy Linux is yet another Linux distribution. What's different here is that Puppy is extraordinarily small, yet quite full featured. Puppy boots into a 48MB ramdisk, and that's it, the whole caboodle runs in RAM. Unlike live CD distributions that have to keep pulling stuff off the CD, Puppy in its entirety loads into RAM. This means that all applications start in the blink of an eye and respond to user input instantly. Puppy Linux has the ability to boot off a flash card or any USB memory device (flash-Puppy), CDROM (live-Puppy), Zip disk or LS/120/240 Superdisk (zippy-Puppy), floppy disks (floppy-Puppy), internal hard drive (hard-Puppy).
DistroWatch database summary
- Number of distributions in the database: 175
- Number of discontinued distributions: 24
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 66
On Probatus Spectra Linux
- Raimo Koski has sent in this information regarding the Probatus Spectra Linux distribution: "Probatus as a company will be soon gone, but Spectra Linux has been sold with two books by me and Tomi Kajala in Finland. In fact it has been the most sold Linux distribution in Finland with approximate market share of over 60% (might be as high as 90%). Spectra Linux is still somewhat supported and Finnish speakers can use the address http://www.raimokoski.com/. My site has limited international bandwidth and downloading Spectra should be impossible from outside Finland. HTML pages can be viewed from anywhere."
On Sun's Java Desktop System
According to this page, Sun's new Linux distribution called Java Desktop System will only be available in December 2003. Sun does not provide much technical information about the product at this stage, but according to a few early beta reviews, the Java Desktop System is based on SuSE Linux 8.2. It goes without saying that as soon as Java Desktop System is released, it will be added to this site's database.
- "Is it possible to have the new Sun distribution to be listed?"
That's all for this week, keep well and see you next Monday :-)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 815 (2019-05-20): Sabayon 19.03, Clear Linux's developer features, Red Hat explains MDS flaws, an overview of mobile distro options|
|• Issue 814 (2019-05-13): Fedora 30, distributions publish Firefox fixes, CentOS publishes roadmap to 8.0, Debian plans to use Wayland by default|
|• Issue 813 (2019-05-06): ROSA R11, MX seeks help with systemd-shim, FreeBSD tests unified package management, interview with Gael Duval|
|• Issue 812 (2019-04-29): Ubuntu MATE 19.04, setting up a SOCKS web proxy, Scientific Linux discontinued, Red Hat takes over Java LTS support|
|• Issue 811 (2019-04-22): Alpine 3.9.2, rsync examples, Ubuntu working on ZFS support, Debian elects new Project Leader, Obarun releases S6 tools|
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Issue 787 (2018-10-29): Lubuntu 18.10, limiting application access to specific users, Haiku hardware compatibility list, IBM purchasing Red Hat|
|• Issue 786 (2018-10-22): elementary OS 5.0, why init keeps running, DragonFly BSD enables virtual machine memory resizing, KDE neon plans to drop older base|
|• Issue 785 (2018-10-15): Reborn OS 2018.09, Nitrux 1.0.15, swapping hard drives between computers, feren OS tries KDE spin, power savings coming to Linux|
|• Issue 784 (2018-10-08): Hamara 2.1, improving manual pages, UBports gets VoIP app, Fedora testing power saving feature|
|• Issue 783 (2018-10-01): Quirky 8.6, setting up dual booting with Ubuntu and FreeBSD, Lubuntu switching to LXQt, Mint works on performance improvements|
|• Issue 782 (2018-09-24): Bodhi Linux 5.0.0, Elive 3.0.0, Solus publishes ISO refresh, UBports invites feedback, Linux Torvalds plans temporary vacation|
|• Issue 781 (2018-09-17): Linux Mint 3 "Debian Edition", file systems for SSDs, MX makes installing Flatpaks easier, Arch team answers questions, Mageia reaches EOL|
|• Issue 780 (2018-09-10): Netrunner 2018.08 Rolling, Fedora improves language support, how to customize Kali Linux, finding the right video drivers|
|• Issue 779 (2018-09-03): Redcore 1806, keeping ISO downloads safe from tampering, Lubuntu makes Calamares more flexible, Ubuntu improves GNOME performance|
|• Issue 778 (2018-08-27): GuixSD 0.15.0, ReactOS 0.4.9, Steam supports Windows games on Linux, Haiku plans for beta, merging disk partitions|
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 184.108.40.206, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Full list of all issues|
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|Random Distribution |
Artix Linux is a fork (or continuation as an autonomous project) of the Arch-OpenRC and Manjaro-OpenRC projects. Artix Linux offers a lightweight, rolling-release operating system featuring the OpenRC init software. (An alternative spin features the runit init software.) Three editions of Artix are available, a minimal Base system, an edition featuring the i3 window manager and an edition which runs the LXQt desktop.