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NixOS RSS Feed DistroWatch.com: NixOS

NixOS

Last Update: 2018-10-06 23:22 UTC


NixOS is an independently developed GNU/Linux distribution that aims to improve the state of the art in system configuration management. In NixOS, the entire operating system, including the kernel, applications, system packages and configuration files, are built by the Nix package manager. Nix stores all packages in isolation from each other; as a result there are no /bin, /sbin, /lib or /usr directories and all packages are kept in /nix/store instead. Other innovative features of NixOS include reliable upgrades, rollbacks, reproducible system configurations, source-based model with binaries, and multi-user package management. Although NixOS started as a research project, it is now a functional and usable operating system that includes hardware detection, KDE as the default desktop, and systemd for managing system services.

Popularity (hits per day): 12 months: 67 (165), 6 months: 75 (148), 3 months: 72 (169), 4 weeks: 95 (136), 1 week: 91 (128)

Average visitor rating: 8.58/10 from 24 review(s).


NixOS Summary
Distribution NixOS
Home Page http://nixos.org/
Mailing Lists http://lists.science.uu.nl/mailman/listinfo/nix-dev
User Forums --
Alternative User Forums
Documentation https://nixos.org/wiki/
Screenshots http://nixos.org/nixos/screenshots.htmlDistroWatch Gallery
Screencasts
Download Mirrors http://nixos.org/nixos/download.html
Bug Tracker https://github.com/NixOS/nixpkgs/issues
Related Websites  
Reviews 17.x: DistroWatchLinuxFR (French)
15.x: DistroWatch
14.x: LinuxFR (French) • OrdinatechnicLinuxFR (French)
Where To Buy OSDisc.com (sponsored link)

Recent Related News and Releases
  Releases, download links and checksums:
 • 2018-10-06: Distribution Release: NixOS 18.09
 • 2018-04-04: Distribution Release: NixOS 18.03
 • 2017-10-03: Distribution Release: NixOS 17.09
 • 2017-03-31: Distribution Release: NixOS 17.03
 • 2016-10-03: Distribution Release: NixOS 16.09
 • 2016-04-01: Distribution Release: NixOS 16.03
 • 2015-09-30: Distribution Release: NixOS 15.09
 • 2014-12-31: Distribution Release: NixOS 14.12
 • 2014-05-01: Distribution Release: NixOS 14.04
 • More NixOS releases...

Table Notes and Explanations

(Please refer to the table below.)
  • Select view: Major packages only (52) All tracked packages (226)
  • To compare the software in this project to the software available in other distributions, please see our Compare Packages page.
  • Notes: In case where multiple versions of a package are shipped with a distribution, only the default version appears in the table. For indication about the GNOME version, please check the "nautilus" and "gnome-shell" packages. The Apache web server is listed as "httpd" and the Linux kernel is listed as "linux". The KDE desktop is represented by the "plasma-desktop" package and the Xfce desktop by the "xfdesktop" package.
  • Colour scheme: green text = latest stable version, red text = development or beta version. The function determining beta versions is not 100% reliable due to a wide variety of versioning schemes.
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Feature 18.09 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Feature
Release Date 2018-10-06 2017-10-02 2016-10-03 2016-04-01 2016-02-05 2015-09-27 2015-02-25 2014-07-19 Release Date
End Of Life                 End Of Life
Price (US$) Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Price (US$)
Image Size (MB) 500-1100 300-900             Image Size (MB)
Free Download ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO Free Download
Installation Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Installation
Default Desktop KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE Default Desktop
Package Management Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Package Management
Release Model Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Release Model
Office Suite Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, LibreOffice Calligra, LibreOffice Office Suite
Processor Architecture i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 Processor Architecture
Init Software systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd Init Software
Journaled File Systems                 Journaled File Systems
Multilingual                 Multilingual
Asian Language Support                 Asian Language Support
Full Package List 18.09 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Full Package List
Package 18.09 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Package
abiword (3.0.2) 3.0.2 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.0 -- -- abiword (3.0.2)
alsa-lib (1.1.7) 1.1.6 1.1.4.1 1.1.1 1.1.0 1.0.29 1.0.28 1.0.27.2 1.0.26 alsa-lib (1.1.7)
ati-driver (18.30) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ati-driver (18.30)
bash (4.4.18) 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3.30 4.2 4.2 bash (4.4.18)
bind (9.13.5) 9.12.2 9.11.2 9.10.4-P3 9.10.3-P4 9.10.3 9.9.5 9.9.5 9.9.5 bind (9.13.5)
chromium (71.0.3578.98) 69.0.3497.81 61.0.3163.79 53.0.2785.116 49.0.2623.110 49.0.2623.28 40.0.2214.115 36.0.1941.0 -- chromium (71.0.3578.98)
cups (2.2.10) 2.2.6 2.2.2 2.1.4 2.1.3 2.0.4 1.7.5 1.5.4 1.5.4 cups (2.2.10)
dhcp (4.4.1) 4.4.1 4.3.4 4.3.4 4.3.3 4.3.3 4.3.1 4.1-ESV-R6 4.1-ESV-R6 dhcp (4.4.1)
e2fsprogs (1.44.5) 1.44.4 1.43.4 1.42.13 1.42.13 1.42.13 1.42.12 1.42.9 1.42.8 e2fsprogs (1.44.5)
firefox (64.0) 62.0.3 55.0.3 49.0 45.0.1 43.0.3 39.0.3 34.0.5 25.0.1 firefox (64.0)
freetype (2.9.1) 2.9 2.7.1 2.6.5 2.6.2 2.5.4 2.5.3 2.4.12 2.4.12 freetype (2.9.1)
gcc (8.2.0) 7.3.0 6.4.0 5.4.0 5.3.0 5.2.0 4.9.2 4.8.3 4.7.3 gcc (8.2.0)
gimp (2.10.8) 2.10.6 2.8.22 2.8.18 2.8.16 2.8.14 2.8.14 2.8.10 2.8.6 gimp (2.10.8)
glibc (2.28) 2.27 2.25 2.24 2.23 2.21 2.20 2.19 2.17 glibc (2.28)
gnome-shell (3.30.2) 3.28.3 3.24.3 3.20.3 3.18.3 3.16.1 3.12.2 3.10.2.1 -- gnome-shell (3.30.2)
gnucash (3.3) 2.4.15 2.6.12 2.6.12 2.6.9 2.4.15 -- 2.4.15 2.4.15 gnucash (3.3)
gnumeric (1.12.44) 1.12.39 1.12.35 1.12.32 1.12.26 1.12.23 1.12.18 1.12.12 -- gnumeric (1.12.44)
grub (2.02) 2.02 2.02 20151116 20151116 20150727 2.02git 2.00 2.00 grub (2.02)
gtk+ (3.24.2) 3.22.28 3.22.8 3.20.9 3.18.5 3.16.6 3.12.2 3.12.2 3.8.8 gtk+ (3.24.2)
httpd (2.4.37) 2.4.34 2.4.27 2.2.31 2.2.31 2.4.16 2.4.16 2.4.10 2.4.7 httpd (2.4.37)
inkscape (0.92.3) 0.92.3 0.92.2 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.48.5 0.48.4 0.48.4 inkscape (0.92.3)
k3b (18.12.0) 18.08.0 17.08.1 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.2 2.0.2 k3b (18.12.0)
kmod (25) 25 24 23 22 21 18 17 12 kmod (25)
krita (4.1.7) 4.1.1 3.2.1 3.0 -- -- -- -- -- krita (4.1.7)
libreoffice (6.1.4) 6.0.5 5.2.6 5.2.0 5.1.0 5.0.1 4.3.5 4.0.5 4.0.5 libreoffice (6.1.4)
linux (4.19.10) 4.14.74 4.13.4 4.4.23 4.4.6 3.18.25 3.14.50 3.12.37 3.12.15 linux (4.19.10)
Package 18.09 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Package
lxpanel (0.9.3) 0.9.3 0.9.3 -- -- -- -- -- -- lxpanel (0.9.3)
mariadb (10.3.11) 10.2.17 10.1.26 10.1.17 10.1.9 10.0.22 10.0.15 10.0.11 -- mariadb (10.3.11)
mate-desktop (1.20.3) 1.20.0 1.18.0 1.15.0 -- -- -- -- -- mate-desktop (1.20.3)
mesa (18.3.1) 18.1.7 17.1.8 12.0.3 11.1.2 10.6.9 10.2.9 10.0.5 9.1.7 mesa (18.3.1)
mysql (8.0.13) 5.7.23 5.7.19 5.7.15 5.5.48 5.5.45 5.5.45 5.5.37 5.5.34 mysql (8.0.13)
nautilus (3.30.5) 3.28.1 3.24.2.1 3.20.2 3.18.5 3.16.2 3.12.2 3.10.1 -- nautilus (3.30.5)
NVIDIA (415.18) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- NVIDIA (415.18)
openbox (3.6.1) 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.6.1 -- -- -- -- openbox (3.6.1)
openjdk (10.0.2) 10.0.2 8u144 8u122 8u76 8u60 7u65 7u65 7u6 openjdk (10.0.2)
openssh (7.9p1) 7.7p1 7.5p1 7.3p1 7.2p1 6.9p1 6.7p1 6.6p1 6.6p1 openssh (7.9p1)
openssl (1.1.1a) 1.1.0i 1.1.0f 1.1.0b 1.0.2g 1.0.2f 1.0.1p 1.0.1k 1.0.1g openssl (1.1.1a)
perl (5.28.0) 5.24.4 5.24.2 5.22.2 5.22.1 5.22.0 5.20.1 5.16.3 5.16.3 perl (5.28.0)
php (7.3.0) 7.1.22 7.1.8 7.0.11 7.0.2 5.6.16 5.4.44 5.4.35 5.4.23 php (7.3.0)
plasma-desktop (5.14.4) 5.13.4 5.10.5 5.7.4 5.5.5 5.3.2 -- -- -- plasma-desktop (5.14.4)
postfix (3.3.2) 3.3.1 3.1.3 3.1.2 2.11.5 2.11.5 2.11.3 2.8.12 2.8.12 postfix (3.3.2)
postgresql (11.1) 10.5 9.6.5 9.5.4 9.5.1 9.4.5 9.4.4 9.3.5 9.2.6 postgresql (11.1)
Python (3.7.1) 3.7.0 3.6.2 3.5.2 3.5.1 3.4.4 3.4.2 2.7.8 2.7.6 Python (3.7.1)
qt (5.12.0) 5.11.1 5.9.1 5.7.0 5.5.1 5.3.2 4.8.6 4.8.6 4.8.6 qt (5.12.0)
samba (4.9.3) 4.7.9 4.6.7 4.3.11 4.3.6 4.2.3 3.6.25 3.6.24 3.6.22 samba (4.9.3)
systemd (239) 239 234 231 229 217 217 212 203 systemd (239)
thunderbird (60.3.3) 60.2.1 52.3.0 45.3.0 38.7.0 38.3.0 31.7.0 24.5.0 17.0.11 thunderbird (60.3.3)
vim (8.1) 8.1 8.0 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 vim (8.1)
vlc (3.0.4) 3.0.4 2.2.6 2.2.4 2.2.2 2.2.1 2.1.5 2.1.4 2.1.1 vlc (3.0.4)
xfdesktop (4.12.4) 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.2 4.10.3 4.10.2 4.10.2 xfdesktop (4.12.4)
xorg-server (1.20.3) 1.19.6 1.19.3 1.18.3 1.17.4 1.17.2 1.16.4 1.14.7 1.13.4 xorg-server (1.20.3)

Reader Ratings
Reader supplied reviews for NixOS

Average rating
8.6
from 24 review(s)



What are your thoughts on NixOS?
Please include a few pros and a few cons, along with your overall impression of the operating system.
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Past reviews - sort by:

Version: 18.09
Rating: 6
Date: 2018-12-17
Votes: 2


NixOS is phenomenal software that is marred by low manpower and an uninviting community.

Pros
• The installation procedure is succinct.
• The software is innovative.
• The system is easy to manage via the configuration.nix file
• Ability to install software on a per-user basis or system-wide via the configuration.nix file is great for development.

Cons
• Contradictory documentation due to articles being written for different versions of the OS.
• Lack of packages due to effort required for packaging, but still a good selection of software.
• Community interactions are a hit or miss, definite elitism in some of the interactions I've had with NixOS users and likely devs.
• Some functions do not work, such as issues with Plymouth or the inability to silence boot output.

I believe that all of the issues with this OS can be fixed with more contributors and users. Hopefully NixOS can get to where it needs to be for high adoption, but NixOS as a community has a long way to go.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 18.09
Rating: 8
Date: 2018-11-04
Votes: 17


It is definitely not for casual users, only people with a liking of functional programming should ideally be using this distro. Based on my interactions with its users (like in the #nixos IRC channel and Quora) I have found most fit this mould.

For advanced users, like those capable of installing and using Arch or Gentoo, that are not familiar with functional programming, it is too much of a pain in the rear to justify its advantages (transactional upgrades, decent level of stability, interesting approach to package management, etc.). It is a pain partly because upgrades and changes in system configuration require you to rebuild the OS and reboot. It is also a pain in the way it handles system configuration, as it is quite distinct from other distros, and as a result takes a lot of getting used to. With most distros you edit the appropriate files in /etc to change configuration, e.g. if you want to sudo without a password you edit /etc/sudoers. In order to make permanent changes to these regenerated files you have to edit the appropriate options in this system configuration file. Having to find the option required and figure out how to use it can take some getting used to, although it has a helpful community.

Its style of package management also confuses script shebangs (e.g. #!/usr/bin/make for Makefiles, #!/bin/bash for Bash scripts, etc.) to no end, as it places package binaries in different locations.

Despite these irritations I have found it far less irritating than GuixSD, as its configuration files are written in a functional programming language that is even more challenging for beginners to pick up, GNU Guile.

I mostly like using its package manager, Nix, on other distros, as a back up for when these other distro's packages have significant bugs in them that the distro's maintainers are taking a while to/are unlikely to fix.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 18.09
Rating: 10
Date: 2018-10-10
Votes: 7


Unique distribution with a complete new way of managing packages and configuration. Instead of the "everything will hopefully work if we accidentally throw it in the same folder", NixOS manages dependencies as graphs.


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See all 24 reader reviews of NixOS...


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