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NixOS RSS Feed DistroWatch.com: NixOS

NixOS

Last Update: 2018-04-06 04:41 UTC


NixOS is an independently developed GNU/Linux distribution that aims to improve the state of the art in system configuration management. In NixOS, the entire operating system, including the kernel, applications, system packages and configuration files, are built by the Nix package manager. Nix stores all packages in isolation from each other; as a result there are no /bin, /sbin, /lib or /usr directories and all packages are kept in /nix/store instead. Other innovative features of NixOS include reliable upgrades, rollbacks, reproducible system configurations, source-based model with binaries, and multi-user package management. Although NixOS started as a research project, it is now a functional and usable operating system that includes hardware detection, KDE as the default desktop, and systemd for managing system services.

Popularity (hits per day): 12 months: 59 (175), 6 months: 58 (179), 3 months: 81 (130), 4 weeks: 74 (142), 1 week: 69 (142)

Average visitor rating: 8.85/10 from 20 review(s).


NixOS Summary
Distribution NixOS
Home Page http://nixos.org/
Mailing Lists http://lists.science.uu.nl/mailman/listinfo/nix-dev
User Forums --
Alternative User Forums
Documentation https://nixos.org/wiki/
Screenshots http://nixos.org/nixos/screenshots.htmlDistroWatch Gallery
Screencasts
Download Mirrors http://nixos.org/nixos/download.html
Bug Tracker https://github.com/NixOS/nixpkgs/issues
Related Websites  
Reviews 17.x: DistroWatchLinuxFR (French)
15.x: DistroWatch
14.x: LinuxFR (French) • OrdinatechnicLinuxFR (French)
Where To Buy OSDisc.com (sponsored link)

Recent Related News and Releases
  Releases, download links and checksums:
 • 2018-04-04: Distribution Release: NixOS 18.03
 • 2017-10-03: Distribution Release: NixOS 17.09
 • 2017-03-31: Distribution Release: NixOS 17.03
 • 2016-10-03: Distribution Release: NixOS 16.09
 • 2016-04-01: Distribution Release: NixOS 16.03
 • 2015-09-30: Distribution Release: NixOS 15.09
 • 2014-12-31: Distribution Release: NixOS 14.12
 • 2014-05-01: Distribution Release: NixOS 14.04
 • More NixOS releases...

Table Notes and Explanations

(Please refer to the table below.)
  • Select view: Major packages only (52) All tracked packages (226)
  • To compare the software in this project to the software available in other distributions, please see our Compare Packages page.
  • Notes: In case where multiple versions of a package are shipped with a distribution, only the default version appears in the table. For indication about the GNOME version, please check the "nautilus" and "gnome-shell" packages. The Apache web server is listed as "httpd" and the Linux kernel is listed as "linux". The KDE desktop is represented by the "plasma-desktop" package and the Xfce desktop by the "xfdesktop" package.
  • Colour scheme: green text = latest stable version, red text = development or beta version. The function determining beta versions is not 100% reliable due to a wide variety of versioning schemes.
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Feature 18.03 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Feature
Release Date 2018-04-04 2017-10-02 2016-10-03 2016-04-01 2016-02-05 2015-09-27 2015-02-25 2014-07-19 Release Date
End Of Life                 End Of Life
Price (US$) Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Price (US$)
Image Size (MB) 300-1011 300-900             Image Size (MB)
Free Download ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO Free Download
Installation Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Installation
Default Desktop KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE KDE Default Desktop
Package Management Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Nix Package Management
Release Model Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Release Model
Office Suite Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, LibreOffice Calligra, LibreOffice Office Suite
Processor Architecture i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 Processor Architecture
Init Software systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd systemd Init Software
Journaled File Systems                 Journaled File Systems
Multilingual                 Multilingual
Asian Language Support                 Asian Language Support
Full Package List 18.03 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Full Package List
Package 18.03 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Package
abiword (3.0.2) 3.0.2 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.1 3.0.0 -- -- abiword (3.0.2)
alsa-lib (1.1.6) 1.1.5 1.1.4.1 1.1.1 1.1.0 1.0.29 1.0.28 1.0.27.2 1.0.26 alsa-lib (1.1.6)
ati-driver (18.30) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ati-driver (18.30)
bash (4.4.18) 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3.30 4.2 4.2 bash (4.4.18)
bind (9.13.3) 9.12.0 9.11.2 9.10.4-P3 9.10.3-P4 9.10.3 9.9.5 9.9.5 9.9.5 bind (9.13.3)
chromium (69.0.3497.100) 65.0.3325.181 61.0.3163.79 53.0.2785.116 49.0.2623.110 49.0.2623.28 40.0.2214.115 36.0.1941.0 -- chromium (69.0.3497.100)
cups (2.2.8) 2.2.6 2.2.2 2.1.4 2.1.3 2.0.4 1.7.5 1.5.4 1.5.4 cups (2.2.8)
dhcp (4.4.1) 4.3.4 4.3.4 4.3.4 4.3.3 4.3.3 4.3.1 4.1-ESV-R6 4.1-ESV-R6 dhcp (4.4.1)
e2fsprogs (1.44.4) 1.44.1 1.43.4 1.42.13 1.42.13 1.42.13 1.42.12 1.42.9 1.42.8 e2fsprogs (1.44.4)
firefox (62.0.2) 59.0.2 55.0.3 49.0 45.0.1 43.0.3 39.0.3 34.0.5 25.0.1 firefox (62.0.2)
freetype (2.9.1) 2.7.1 2.7.1 2.6.5 2.6.2 2.5.4 2.5.3 2.4.12 2.4.12 freetype (2.9.1)
gcc (8.2.0) 7.3.0 6.4.0 5.4.0 5.3.0 5.2.0 4.9.2 4.8.3 4.7.3 gcc (8.2.0)
gimp (2.10.6) 2.8.22 2.8.22 2.8.18 2.8.16 2.8.14 2.8.14 2.8.10 2.8.6 gimp (2.10.6)
glibc (2.28) 2.26 2.25 2.24 2.23 2.21 2.20 2.19 2.17 glibc (2.28)
gnome-shell (3.30.0) 3.26.2 3.24.3 3.20.3 3.18.3 3.16.1 3.12.2 3.10.2.1 -- gnome-shell (3.30.0)
gnucash (3.2) 2.4.15 2.6.12 2.6.12 2.6.9 2.4.15 -- 2.4.15 2.4.15 gnucash (3.2)
gnumeric (1.12.43) 1.12.38 1.12.35 1.12.32 1.12.26 1.12.23 1.12.18 1.12.12 -- gnumeric (1.12.43)
grub (2.02) 2.02 2.02 20151116 20151116 20150727 2.02git 2.00 2.00 grub (2.02)
gtk+ (3.24.1) 3.22.28 3.22.8 3.20.9 3.18.5 3.16.6 3.12.2 3.12.2 3.8.8 gtk+ (3.24.1)
httpd (2.4.35) 2.4.33 2.4.27 2.2.31 2.2.31 2.4.16 2.4.16 2.4.10 2.4.7 httpd (2.4.35)
inkscape (0.92.3) 0.92.2 0.92.2 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.48.5 0.48.4 0.48.4 inkscape (0.92.3)
k3b (18.08.1) 17.12.2 17.08.1 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.2 2.0.2 k3b (18.08.1)
kmod (25) 25 24 23 22 21 18 17 12 kmod (25)
krita (4.1.2) 3.3.3 3.2.1 3.0 -- -- -- -- -- krita (4.1.2)
libreoffice (6.1.1) 6.0.2 5.2.6 5.2.0 5.1.0 5.0.1 4.3.5 4.0.5 4.0.5 libreoffice (6.1.1)
linux (4.18.9) 4.15.15 4.13.4 4.4.23 4.4.6 3.18.25 3.14.50 3.12.37 3.12.15 linux (4.18.9)
Package 18.03 17.09 16.09 16.03 15.09.1012 14.12.885 14.04.630 13.10.35728 Package
lxpanel (0.9.3) 0.9.3 0.9.3 -- -- -- -- -- -- lxpanel (0.9.3)
mariadb (10.3.9) 10.2.13 10.1.26 10.1.17 10.1.9 10.0.22 10.0.15 10.0.11 -- mariadb (10.3.9)
mate-desktop (1.20.3) 1.20.0 1.18.0 1.15.0 -- -- -- -- -- mate-desktop (1.20.3)
mesa (18.2.1) 17.3.6 17.1.8 12.0.3 11.1.2 10.6.9 10.2.9 10.0.5 9.1.7 mesa (18.2.1)
mysql (8.0.12) 5.7.20 5.7.19 5.7.15 5.5.48 5.5.45 5.5.45 5.5.37 5.5.34 mysql (8.0.12)
nautilus (3.30.0) 3.26.2 3.24.2.1 3.20.2 3.18.5 3.16.2 3.12.2 3.10.1 -- nautilus (3.30.0)
NVIDIA (396.54) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- NVIDIA (396.54)
openbox (3.6.1) 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.6.1 -- -- -- -- openbox (3.6.1)
openjdk (10.0.2) 8u172 8u144 8u122 8u76 8u60 7u65 7u65 7u6 openjdk (10.0.2)
openssh (7.8p1) 7.6p1 7.5p1 7.3p1 7.2p1 6.9p1 6.7p1 6.6p1 6.6p1 openssh (7.8p1)
openssl (1.1.1) 1.1.0h 1.1.0f 1.1.0b 1.0.2g 1.0.2f 1.0.1p 1.0.1k 1.0.1g openssl (1.1.1)
perl (5.28.0) 5.26.1 5.24.2 5.22.2 5.22.1 5.22.0 5.20.1 5.16.3 5.16.3 perl (5.28.0)
php (7.2.10) 7.2.4 7.1.8 7.0.11 7.0.2 5.6.16 5.4.44 5.4.35 5.4.23 php (7.2.10)
plasma-desktop (5.13.5) 5.12.2 5.10.5 5.7.4 5.5.5 5.3.2 -- -- -- plasma-desktop (5.13.5)
postfix (3.3.1) 3.2.5 3.1.3 3.1.2 2.11.5 2.11.5 2.11.3 2.8.12 2.8.12 postfix (3.3.1)
postgresql (10.5) 10.1 9.6.5 9.5.4 9.5.1 9.4.5 9.4.4 9.3.5 9.2.6 postgresql (10.5)
Python (3.7.0) 3.6.4 3.6.2 3.5.2 3.5.1 3.4.4 3.4.2 2.7.8 2.7.6 Python (3.7.0)
qt (5.11.2) 5.10.1 5.9.1 5.7.0 5.5.1 5.3.2 4.8.6 4.8.6 4.8.6 qt (5.11.2)
samba (4.9.1) 4.7.6 4.6.7 4.3.11 4.3.6 4.2.3 3.6.25 3.6.24 3.6.22 samba (4.9.1)
systemd (239) 237 234 231 229 217 217 212 203 systemd (239)
thunderbird (60.0) 52.7.0 52.3.0 45.3.0 38.7.0 38.3.0 31.7.0 24.5.0 17.0.11 thunderbird (60.0)
vim (8.1) 8.0 8.0 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 vim (8.1)
vlc (3.0.4) 2.2.8 2.2.6 2.2.4 2.2.2 2.2.1 2.1.5 2.1.4 2.1.1 vlc (3.0.4)
xfdesktop (4.12.4) 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.12.2 4.10.3 4.10.2 4.10.2 xfdesktop (4.12.4)
xorg-server (1.20.1) 1.19.6 1.19.3 1.18.3 1.17.4 1.17.2 1.16.4 1.14.7 1.13.4 xorg-server (1.20.1)

Reader Ratings
Reader supplied reviews for NixOS

Average rating
8.9
from 20 review(s)



What are your thoughts on NixOS?
Please include a few pros and a few cons, along with your overall impression of the operating system.
Our FAQ page has tips on writing a good mini-review.

Version:

Rating:    out of 10

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Past reviews - sort by:

Version: 18.03
Rating: 10
Date: 2018-09-23
Votes: 1


NixOS provides a functional way to manage your computer. The configuration language enables users to easily configure everything from within only one single file, using the Nix expression language.

My experience with NixOS has mostly been through development. I use it to generate containers to use in production. It is true that NixOS is not as polished for end users as Ubuntu or Fedora, but significant improvements have been made in the last few releases. In many ways it is comparable to Arch Linux in its expectations. Unlike Arch Linux, though, rollbacks are always possible when a configuration change ends up bricking your systems!


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 18.03
Rating: 10
Date: 2018-08-03
Votes: 10


It sometimes "breaks" and refuses to upgrade you packages to last versions because of lack of maintainers time. Can sometimes last for weeks.
Its low-level documentation is lacking (and sometimes the only way to learn things is reading source or googling inside mail lists and reddit threads).
Porting software to this distro is hard and often fails. It is basically the world of pain despite extremely good instruments (strictly speaking, it is not NixOS's fault, but still its problem).
Common developing practices often fail, you cannot just `pip something`.

Despite all that, it is the best Linux distro in existence:
No bitrot. Your system does not decay over time (sometimes it still tries, but handling those cases is easy). If you managed to whip up some crufty but useful configuration, it will stay this way, and you still can upgrade.
No dll hell. And "no" means "completely no", not "almost no".
Once your program builds, it will do so in any foreseeable future on any machine with Nix.
Almost impossible to shoot yourself into leg. Plugging power off during system upgrade is fine. Messed up with firewall on 5000 km away server or even caused it to kernel panic during boot? Call someone to plug monitor and keyboard into it, reboot and "select last line and then 2nd line". It will revive.
Messed up? Rollback.

This distro has a ton of shortcomings compared to, say, Ubuntu or Arch, mostly because of the lack of manpower behind it. But brilliance of its design makes it way better than them, and it only becomes better over time.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 18.03
Rating: 9
Date: 2018-05-23
Votes: 7


i think that I finally found the ultimate linux distro to die for. And that is the Nixos distro.

For many years, I have been using Gentoo and even until today I still respect and revered the Gentoo
philosophy. In fact, I considered it to be my favorite distro because of the amount of learning
and customization you can do with it. But many times during crucial system upgrades, parts of Gentoo
just breaks and at the extreme no longer boots. Of course, this is naturally part of the Gentoo
philosophy, that things will break and then you learn little things while fixing it.

That all changed when I discovered Nixos. The Nixos rollback and separation of a set of files in order to
maintain a very strong consistency makes Nixos a heretic in the world of Unix and Linux standards.
But for a really good cause, because the isolation mechanism of Nixos echoes with todays devops
deployment and the enterprise search for the ever elusive 'consistent state' of things. And Nixos
achieves that, at the cost of becoming a heretic and breaking away the ordinary file hierarchy of the
Unix system.

The Nixos cons are merely due to its early phases of development. For example, the documentation
is not yet complete in terms of how to really exploit and take advantage of its 'functional' nature. The
installer is text-based so it can be intimidating to some.

in summary, knowing Nixos is like discovering your 'happy thoughts' once again. With Nixos, you will feel that it is a distro that is on the right track and something that could grow on you as times goes by. In fact, Nixos functional nature could probably challenge the now dominant position of Docker containers.


Was this review helpful? Yes No

See all 20 reader reviews of NixOS...


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