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Alpine Linux RSS Feed DistroWatch.com: Alpine Linux

Alpine Linux

Last Update: 2023-09-28 17:22 UTC

Alpine Linux is a community developed operating system designed for routers, firewalls, VPNs, VoIP boxes, containers, and servers. It was designed with security in mind; it has proactive security features like PaX and SSP that prevent security holes in the software to be exploited. The C library used is musl and the base tools are all in BusyBox. Those are normally found in embedded systems and are smaller than the tools found in GNU/Linux systems.

Popularity (hits per day): 12 months: 29 (319), 6 months: 33 (289), 3 months: 32 (273), 4 weeks: 40 (253), 1 week: 24 (360)

Average visitor rating: 9.03/10 from 30 review(s).

Alpine Summary
Distribution Alpine Linux
Home Page https://www.alpinelinux.org/
Mailing Lists https://lists.alpinelinux.org/
User Forums --
Alternative User Forums
Documentation https://wiki.alpinelinux.org/
Screenshots --
Download Mirrors https://alpinelinux.org/downloadsDistroWatch Torrent Archive
Bug Tracker https://bugs.alpinelinux.org/
Related Websites  
Reviews 3.17: DistroWatch
3.9: DistroWatch
3.2: DistroWatch
Where To Donate, Buy, or Try

Recent Related News and Releases
  Releases announcements with download links and checksums:
 • 2023-05-09: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.18.0
 • 2022-11-22: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.17.0
 • 2022-05-24: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.16.0
 • 2021-11-24: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.15.0
 • 2021-01-14: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.13.0
 • 2020-05-29: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.12.0
 • 2019-12-19: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.11.0
 • 2019-06-19: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.10.0
 • 2019-01-30: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.9.0
 • 2018-06-26: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.8.0
 • 2017-05-25: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.6.0
 • 2016-12-22: Distribution Release: Alpine Linux 3.5.0
 • More Alpine releases...

 • 2023-07-31 A major Alpine package maintainer is stepping down
 • 2022-03-01 Packaging minimal images with apko
 • 2021-09-27 Drew DeVault talks about packaging software
 • 2021-04-27 Alpine may create its own service manager
 • 2018-12-20 Alpine eing ported to RISC-V
 • 2016-10-12 Alpine to use LibreSSL
 • More Alpine headlines...

Table Notes and Explanations

(Please refer to the table below.)
  • Select view:
  • To compare the software in this project to the software available in other distributions, please see our Compare Packages page.
  • Notes: In case where multiple versions of a package are shipped with a distribution, only the default version appears in the table. For indication about the GNOME version, please check the "nautilus" and "gnome-shell" packages. The Apache web server is listed as "httpd" and the Linux kernel is listed as "linux". The KDE desktop is represented by the "plasma-desktop" package and the Xfce desktop by the "xfdesktop" package.
  • Colour scheme: green text = latest stable version, red text = development or beta version. The function determining beta versions is not 100% reliable due to a wide variety of versioning schemes.
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Feature 3.18.4 3.17.5 3.16.7 3.15.10 3.14.10 3.13.12 3.12.11 3.10.6 3.6.2 3.2.2 2.7.8 1.10.6 Feature
Release Date 2023-09-28 2023-08-07 2023-08-07 2023-08-07 2023-03-29 2022-08-09 2022-03-28 2021-02-23 2017-06-17 2015-07-14 2014-05-21 2010-06-16 Release Date
End Of Life                         End Of Life
Price (US$) Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Price (US$)
Image Size (MB) 200-900 100-800 100-800 100-700 100-700 100-600 100-500 100-500 70-300       Image Size (MB)
Installation Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Installation
Default Desktop -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Default Desktop
Package Management APK APK APK APK APK APK APK APK APK APK APK APK Package Management
Release Model Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Release Model
Office Suite -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Office Suite
Processor Architecture aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 aarch64, armhf, i486, ppc64, s390x, x86_64 armhf, i486, x86_64 armhf, i386, x86_64 i386, x86_64 i386 Processor Architecture
Init Software Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC Busybox, OpenRC BusyBox BusyBox BusyBox BusyBox Init Software
Journaled File Systems ext4 ext4 ext4 ext4 ext4 ext4 ext4 ext4 ext3 ext3 ext3 ext3 Journaled File Systems
Multilingual -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Multilingual
Asian Language Support -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Asian Language Support
Full Package List 3.18.4 3.17.5 3.16.7 3.15.10 3.14.10 3.13.12 3.12.11 3.10.6 3.6.2 3.2.2 2.7.8 1.10.6 Full Package List

Full Package List:   Alpine Linux 3.6.2
  Number of packages: 248 (download as TXT)
  •  acct-6.6.3-r0.apk
  •  alpine-base-3.6.2-r0.apk
  •  alpine-baselayout-3.0.4-r0.apk
  •  alpine-conf-3.6.0-r0.apk
  •  alpine-keys-2.1-r1.apk
  •  alpine-mirrors-3.5.0-r0.apk
  •  apk-tools-2.7.1-r1.apk
  •  arpon-3.0-r0.apk
  •  arpwatch-2.1a15-r14.apk
  •  attr-2.4.47-r6.apk
  •  awall-1.4.3-r0.apk
  •  bash-4.3.48-r1.apk
  •  bind-libs-9.11.1_p1-r0.apk
  •  bind-tools-9.11.1_p1-r0.apk
  •  blkid-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  bonding-2.6-r3.apk
  •  bridge-1.5-r3.apk
  •  bridge-utils-1.6-r0.apk
  •  btrfs-progs-4.10.2-r0.apk
  •  busybox-1.26.2-r5.apk
  •  busybox-initscripts-3.1-r1.apk
  •  busybox-suid-1.26.2-r5.apk
  •  bwm-ng-0.6.1-r3.apk
  •  ca-certificates-20161130-r2.apk
  •  c-ares-1.12.0-r0.apk
  •  cciss_vol_status-1.11-r2.apk
  •  chrony-3.1-r1.apk
  •  cksfv-1.3.14-r3.apk
  •  conntrack-tools-1.4.4-r0.apk
  •  cryptsetup-1.7.5-r0.apk
  •  cryptsetup-libs-1.7.5-r0.apk
  •  curl-7.54.0-r0.apk
  •  cutter-1.04-r0.apk
  •  cyrus-sasl-2.1.26-r10.apk
  •  dahdi-linux-2.11.1-r0.apk
  •  dahdi-linux-hardened-4.9.32-r0.apk
  •  dahdi-tools-2.6.1-r2.apk
  •  db-5.3.28-r0.apk
  •  dbus-1.10.14-r0.apk
  •  dbus-libs-1.10.14-r0.apk
  •  device-mapper-event-libs-2.02.168-r3.apk
  •  device-mapper-libs-2.02.168-r3.apk
  •  dhcp-4.3.4-r3.apk
  •  dhcpcd-6.11.5-r1.apk
  •  dhcrelay-4.3.4-r3.apk
  •  dnsmasq-2.76-r4.apk
  •  dnssec-root-20100715-r3.apk
  •  dosfstools-4.1-r1.apk
  •  e2fsprogs-1.43.4-r0.apk
  •  e2fsprogs-libs-1.43.4-r0.apk
  •  email-3.1.4-r3.apk
  •  ethtool-4.10-r0.apk
  •  eudev-libs-3.2.2-r1.apk
  •  expat-2.2.0-r0.apk
  •  findmnt-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  fping-4.0-r0.apk
  •  fprobe-1.1-r7.apk
  •  glib-2.52.1-r0.apk
  •  gmp-6.1.2-r0.apk
  •  gzip-1.8-r0.apk
  •  haserl-0.9.35-r1.apk
  •  haserl-lua5.1-0.9.35-r1.apk
  •  haserl-lua5.2-0.9.35-r1.apk
  •  haserl-lua5.3-0.9.35-r1.apk
  •  heimdal-libs-7.1.0-r0.apk
  •  htop-2.0.2-r0.apk
  •  hwdata-0.299-r0.apk
  •  hwdata-oui-0.299-r0.apk
  •  hwdata-pci-0.299-r0.apk
  •  hwdata-pnp-0.299-r0.apk
  •  hwdata-usb-0.299-r0.apk
  •  igmpproxy-0.1-r5.apk
  •  ip6tables-1.6.1-r0.apk
  •  iproute2-4.10.0-r1.apk
  •  iproute2-qos-0.5-r1.apk
  •  ipsec-tools-0.8.2-r5.apk
  •  ipset-6.32-r3.apk
  •  iptables-1.6.1-r0.apk
  •  iputils-20121221-r6.apk
  •  irssi-1.0.3-r0.apk
  •  kbd-bkeymaps-2.0.4-r2.apk
  •  keyutils-libs-1.5.9-r1.apk
  •  kmod-23-r1.apk
  •  krb5-conf-1.0-r1.apk
  •  krb5-libs-1.14.3-r2.apk
  •  lddtree-1.26-r0.apk
  •  ldns-1.6.17-r5.apk
  •  ldns-tools-1.6.17-r5.apk
  •  lftp-4.7.7-r2.apk
  •  libacl-2.2.52-r3.apk
  •  libattr-2.4.47-r6.apk
  •  libblkid-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  libbz2-1.0.6-r5.apk
  •  libcap-2.25-r1.apk
  •  libcom_err-1.43.4-r0.apk
  •  libcurl-7.54.0-r0.apk
  •  libc-utils-0.7.1-r0.apk
  •  libdnet-1.12-r7.apk
  •  libelf-0.8.13-r2.apk
  •  libev-4.24-r0.apk
  •  libevent-2.1.8-r1.apk
  •  libfdisk-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  libffi-3.2.1-r3.apk
  •  libgcc-6.3.0-r4.apk
  •  libintl-
  •  libmagic-5.30-r0.apk
  •  libmnl-1.0.4-r0.apk
  •  libmount-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  libnet-1.1.6-r2.apk
  •  libnetfilter_conntrack-1.0.6-r0.apk
  •  libnetfilter_cthelper-1.0.0-r0.apk
  •  libnetfilter_cttimeout-1.0.0-r0.apk
  •  libnetfilter_queue-1.0.2-r0.apk
  •  libnfnetlink-1.0.1-r1.apk
  •  libnfsidmap-0.25-r1.apk
  •  libnftnl-libs-1.0.7-r0.apk
  •  libnl3-3.2.28-r0.apk
  •  libpcap-1.8.1-r0.apk
  •  libressl-2.5.4-r0.apk
  •  libressl2.5-libcrypto-2.5.4-r0.apk
  •  libressl2.5-libssl-2.5.4-r0.apk
  •  libressl2.5-libtls-2.5.4-r0.apk
  •  libsasl-2.1.26-r10.apk
  •  libseccomp-2.3.2-r0.apk
  •  libsmartcols-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  libssh2-1.8.0-r1.apk
  •  libstdc++-6.3.0-r4.apk
  •  libtirpc-1.0.1-r1.apk
  •  libusb-1.0.21-r0.apk
  •  libuuid-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  libverto-0.2.5-r2.apk
  •  libxml2-2.9.4-r4.apk
  •  linenoise-1.0-r0.apk
  •  links-2.14-r1.apk
  •  linux-firmware-20170330-r0.apk
  •  linux-hardened-4.9.32-r0.apk
  •  lm_sensors-3.4.0-r3.apk
  •  logrotate-3.12.2-r0.apk
  •  lsof-4.89-r1.apk
  •  lua5.1-libs-5.1.5-r2.apk
  •  lua5.2-5.2.4-r2.apk
  •  lua5.2-alt-getopt-0.7-r8.apk
  •  lua5.2-cjson-2.1.0-r7.apk
  •  lua5.2-libs-5.2.4-r2.apk
  •  lua5.2-pc-1.0.0-r9.apk
  •  lua5.2-posix-33.4.0-r0.apk
  •  lua5.2-stringy-0.4.0-r5.apk
  •  lua5.3-5.3.4-r1.apk
  •  lua5.3-libs-5.3.4-r1.apk
  •  lvm2-2.02.168-r3.apk
  •  lvm2-libs-2.02.168-r3.apk
  •  lxc-2.0.7-r5.apk
  •  lxc-libs-2.0.7-r5.apk
  •  lxc-templates-2.0.7-r5.apk
  •  lzo-2.10-r0.apk
  •  mdadm-4.0-r0.apk
  •  mkinitfs-3.1.0-r0.apk
  •  mtools-4.0.18-r1.apk
  •  musl-1.1.16-r9.apk
  •  musl-utils-1.1.16-r9.apk
  •  nano-2.8.4-r0.apk
  •  ncurses-libs-6.0-r7.apk
  •  ncurses-terminfo-6.0-r7.apk
  •  ncurses-terminfo-base-6.0-r7.apk
  •  net-snmp-5.7.3-r8.apk
  •  net-snmp-agent-libs-5.7.3-r8.apk
  •  net-snmp-libs-5.7.3-r8.apk
  •  net-snmp-tools-5.7.3-r8.apk
  •  network-extras-1.2-r0.apk
  •  newt-0.52.19-r0.apk
  •  nfs-utils-1.3.4-r1.apk
  •  nrpe-2.15-r5.apk
  •  nsd-4.1.15-r2.apk
  •  opennhrp-0.14.1-r6.apk
  •  openrc-0.24.1-r2.apk
  •  openssh-7.5_p1-r1.apk
  •  openssh-client-7.5_p1-r1.apk
  •  openssh-keygen-7.5_p1-r1.apk
  •  openssh-server-7.5_p1-r1.apk
  •  openssh-sftp-server-7.5_p1-r1.apk
  •  openvpn-2.4.2-r0.apk
  •  openvswitch-2.7.0-r1.apk
  •  parted-3.2-r5.apk
  •  paxmark-0.10-r0.apk
  •  pax-utils-1.2.2-r0.apk
  •  pciutils-3.5.4-r0.apk
  •  pciutils-libs-3.5.4-r0.apk
  •  pcre-8.40-r2.apk
  •  pcsc-lite-libs-1.8.21-r0.apk
  •  pingu-1.5-r1.apk
  •  pkgconf-1.3.7-r0.apk
  •  popt-1.16-r6.apk
  •  ppp-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-atm-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-chat-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-daemon-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-l2tp-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-minconn-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-passprompt-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-passwordfd-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-pppoe-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-radius-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  ppp-winbind-2.4.7-r5.apk
  •  quagga-1.2.1-r0.apk
  •  readline-6.3.008-r5.apk
  •  rpcbind-0.2.3-r3.apk
  •  rsync-3.1.2-r5.apk
  •  scanelf-1.2.2-r0.apk
  •  screen-4.5.1-r1.apk
  •  sfdisk-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  slang-2.3.1-r0.apk
  •  sntpc-0.9-r6.apk
  •  socat-
  •  spl-hardened-4.9.32-r0.apk
  •  sqlite-libs-3.18.0-r0.apk
  •  ssmtp-2.64-r11.apk
  •  strace-4.16-r1.apk
  •  strongswan-5.5.3-r0.apk
  •  sudo-1.8.19_p2-r0.apk
  •  sysfsutils-2.1.0-r8.apk
  •  sysklogd-1.5.1-r0.apk
  •  syslinux-6.04_pre1-r1.apk
  •  tar-1.29-r1.apk
  •  tcpdump-4.9.0-r1.apk
  •  tcpproxy-2.0.0_beta15-r4.apk
  •  tinyproxy-1.8.4-r3.apk
  •  tmux-2.4-r0.apk
  •  tzdata-2017a-r0.apk
  •  unbound-1.6.2-r0.apk
  •  unbound-libs-1.6.2-r0.apk
  •  unrar-5.4.5-r0.apk
  •  usb-modeswitch-2.5.0-r0.apk
  •  usbutils-008-r1.apk
  •  util-linux-2.28.2-r2.apk
  •  v86d-0.1.10-r1.apk
  •  vim-8.0.0595-r0.apk
  •  vlan-1.9-r1.apk
  •  wireless-tools-30_pre9-r0.apk
  •  wpa_supplicant-2.6-r3.apk
  •  xfsprogs-4.5.0-r0.apk
  •  xtables-addons-2.11-r1.apk
  •  xtables-addons-hardened-4.9.32-r0.apk
  •  xz-libs-5.2.3-r0.apk
  •  zfs-
  •  zfs-hardened-4.9.32-r0.apk
  •  zfs-libs-
  •  zlib-1.2.11-r0.apk
  •  zonenotify-0.1-r3.apk

Reader Ratings
Reader supplied reviews for Alpine Linux

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Past reviews - sort by:

Version: 3.18.3
Rating: 10
Date: 2023-09-12
Votes: 64

Security focused. Lightweight. Lightweight dependencies. Very stable. Not for new users. Choice of init system, all pros.
Alpine is used in many containers, so actual use is much larger because of Docker.
apt is the best rep tool I've ever used, and I have used RPM, YAST, YUM, Apt-get, emerge, and portage to name a few.
The edge repo has all the latest software and tools.

The installer could be a little better, and the minimal root file system could be a little more complete.
Alpine makes setting up a wifi router/firewall dirt simple on a small embedded computer like a nanoPi or Pi zeroW.

The last time I was this impressed was back when Ubuntu was on version 7 or 8, back when the LTS was rock solid stable. I had just encountered rpm hell with Fedora and decided if the package manager was this bad, I wanted out. When the Precise release came out and was so buggy, I switched to debian, and when debian went to systemd, I went to devuan, but wasn't really satisfied, so tried Antix, but conman was broken on multiple releases, so I eventually tried Alpine and haven't looked back yet.

The only downfall of Alpine (which makes it secure) is that it is musl based, so I run chroots of debian to use glibc based applications. It's pretty simple using debootstrap to build a chroot. It also isolates glibc applications in a chroot. I've personally experienced the bloat, insanity, and bugginess that comes with glibc. Look for the 8,000 line patch made by a Red Hat developer to glibc to fix an overlapped memcpy in an Adobe flash player. I found it because it caused a 24x slowdown in one of our memcpy functions.

It would be nice to see more musl based distros and applications.

Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 3.18.3
Rating: 8
Date: 2023-09-11
Votes: 3

Nice overall distribution. Simple in ideology and execution.
For me personally the issue is with the musl libs. You simply can't get all of the apps that you need and will often find yourself struggling with missing libraries which are not present in the musl library collection. Personally I use Signal on daily basis and it's simply not available via the musl libraries due to some missing lib dependencies. This can extend to many other apps depending on what you are using it could be a deal breaker.
So I would recommend researching your "must have" apps availability in the musl ecosystem before diving into this head first cause you might find that there are limitations there.
Void linux for example solves this by offering both a libc and musl versions of their distro, it would be nice if Alpine did the same. But that's just my take on things.
Overall tho it's a pretty nonsense-free distribution and if you don't mind some of the musl shortcomings then I'm sure you'll appreciate it's simplicity and stability.

Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 3.18.2
Rating: 8
Date: 2023-07-30
Votes: 11

-1 star for LXQT for not being anything remotely ready for primetime. Buggy, incomplete, problematic. That was day 1. Installing XFCE was a gigantic relief because that would assemble and was a nifty, complete implementation.

-1 for closing their email list ("new registration no longer accepted") to people that want to join their community. Mastadon/IM just seems like a poor alternative since many of us don't want to IM.

Other than that, great adventure. I had to raise my modest skill level to make this work. It's a skeleton CLI operating with no DE, a few degrees separated from Linux From Scratch, and you are in the complete control. I loved it. If forces you to really think about what you are installing. You enable your own services.

You can read all the comments on here, or all the internet reviews, and they are all torn on one thing. Half the people believe this is just a Server distro and the other half think it's a Complete Desktop experience. I wanted a secure Daily Driver and I got one. Was it meant for this? I don't know yet.

Kudos to their fantastic and easy documentation. Problems will come up in configuring as you go, and all of mine could be remedied quickly with their information.

This has no bells and whistles or flash outside of what xfce4 offers, and if you want bells and whistles, Alpine will be happy if you go back to Ubuntu. I respect this. Alpine is very much a mindset.

I eschewed their own awall for ufw, and had to install iptables, but that's part of the fun. I pick and choose. OpenRC is fast fast fast.

I have 5 of their repos enabled and it's a modest offering with firefox and chromium the only GUI browsers really. When there are about 6-7 vim/keyboard browsers curated that should tell you something.....:) All my favorite CLI tools are there. And it supports Flatpak so I really have to be conservative in my approach but I love the option.

I like Alpine and I'm sticking with it. I wrote this on day 4 of using Alpine daily.

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