|Simplified Manual Pages
The standard set of manual pages (often called man pages) which are available in most flavours of Linux, BSD and Unix tend to be long and they can be cryptic. Manual pages tend to list what options are available without explaining why we might use them. Further, many manual pages do not provide examples.
The TLDR-pages project has compiled a collection of simplified manual pages which present commands with a clear explanation of what each command does and lists examples of how the command is most often used. These simplified pages are available below.
Sends a signal to a process, usually related to stopping the process.
All signals except for SIGKILL and SIGSTOP can be intercepted by the process to perform a clean exit.
More information: home page
- Terminate a program using the default SIGTERM (terminate) signal:
- List available signal names (to be used without the `SIG` prefix):
- Terminate a background job:
- Terminate a program using the SIGHUP (hang up) signal. Many daemons will reload instead of terminating:
kill -1|HUP process_id
- Terminate a program using the SIGINT (interrupt) signal. This is typically initiated by the user pressing `Ctrl + C`:
kill -2|INT process_id
- Signal the operating system to immediately terminate a program (which gets no chance to capture the signal):
kill -9|KILL process_id
- Signal the operating system to pause a program until a SIGCONT ("continue") signal is received:
kill -17|STOP process_id
- Send a `SIGUSR1` signal to all processes with the given GID (group id):
kill -SIGUSR1 -group_id
The TLDR manual pages are distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY).
The project's scripts are licensed under the MIT license:
The MIT License (MIT)
Copyright (c) 2014 the TLDR team and contributors.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
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