| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 535, 25 November 2013
Welcome to this year's 47th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! The openSUSE distribution is a community-developed operating system that experiments with cutting-edge software and powerful administration tools. This past week saw the launch of openSUSE 13.1 and reviews are starting to show up around the web. Be sure to check out our News section where we link to openSUSE's new features and a first-impressions review. Also in the news this past week we hear of features being planned (and rejected) for Ubuntu's next long term support release. Ubuntu isn't the only distribution getting new features, Debian is planning to adopt the MATE desktop environment, making the fork of GNOME 2 available in the project's repositories. We also talk about what causes organizations to migrate from proprietary solutions to Linux-based distributions. Is the primary motivation cost, security, stability or something else? In our feature this week Jesse Smith takes the GhostBSD operating system for a test drive and reports on his experiences. Also in this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly we talk about the nature of security updates and their role in keeping our computers running safely under our control. Finally, we are pleased to announce that the recipient of the October 2013 DistroWatch.com donation is the FreeType project. Happy reading!
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in OGG (18MB) and MP3 (32MB) formats
|Feature Story (by Jesse Smith)
Ghosts in the machine: GhostBSD 3.5
The GhostBSD project started out as a fairly simple concept: take FreeBSD and put the GNOME 2 desktop environment on top of it and ship it as a live disc. Over the past few years GhostBSD has slowly grown, adding a system installer, including a graphical package manager and adding some polish. The current release of GhostBSD, version 3.5, is based on FreeBSD 9.2 and features four editions (MATE, Xfce, LXDE and Openbox) and the option of working with 32-bit or 64-bit x86 builds. The latest offering features DTrace support by default and support for one year. This version of GhostBSD includes some other interesting changes. For example, LibreOffice has been swapped out in favour of OpenOffice which is a reverse of what we typically see in the Linux community. We also find the GNOME 2 desktop has been removed and replaced with MATE 1.6.
I opted to try the MATE edition of GhostBSD, the ISO for which is approximately 1.7GB in size. Booting from this live disc brings up the MATE desktop. The background is a plain blue colour and an icon for launching the system installer sits on the desktop. At the top of the screen we find the application menu and, along the bottom of the display, we see the desktop's task switcher. Everything seemed to be working well in the live environment and so I jumped into the system installer.
The current incarnation of the GhostBSD system installer is a graphical application which is easy on the eyes and nicely streamlined. We are walked through selecting our preferred language, confirming our keyboard's layout and choosing our time zone from a list. The partitioning section of the installer basically gives us two options: we can let the installer take over the entire hard disk or we can choose to manually set up partitions. We are also asked if the installer should place a boot loader on our hard drive. Next we create a user account and set the root account's password. The installer then begins copying its files to the local drive. I found that while files were copying I was shown a lot of pop-up messages containing errors saying there were problems mounting the disk. However, despite these errors, the installer finished copying its files and declared the process a success. When I rebooted the machine GhostBSD started up without any problems and I was brought to a graphical login screen.
GhostBSD 3.5 - changing the MATE desktop's settings
(full image size: 203kB, screen resolution 1280x1024 pixels)
No pop-ups or notifications greeted me upon logging in and so I dived into the operating system's application menu. There I found a collection of software that was well suited to my preferences and requirements for a desktop operating system. The Firefox web browser is included along with the Thunderbird e-mail client, the Transmission bittorrent client and the XChat IRC client. OpenOffice.org 4.0 is included n the menu alongside the GNU Image Manipulation Program. The Shotwell photo manager is included and there is a PDF document viewer in the menu. I found the Brasero disc burner was available as were the Rhythmbox audio player and the VLC multimedia player. The desktop comes with an archive manager, system monitor, text editor and virtual calculator. MATE also ships with a full range of configuration utilities for changing the look & feel of the desktop. GhostBSD comes with a complete set of multimedia codecs, though no Flash plugin is included. In the background GhostBSD runs a network mail service. The operating system is, at its core, FreeBSD 9.2 and should be compatible with modern FreeBSD software and tutorials.
Package management on GhostBSD is handled by a graphical application. The layout of this graphical package manager took me a little while to get used to as there are a number of controls (or filters) with which to work. The application is divided into two panes. On the left we are shown a tree of software categories and specific packages. Over on the right side of the window we are shown details about the currently selected package. Packages can be selected for installation with a couple of clicks. What threw me off at first is that the user can toggle between seeing a tree of software which is currently installed and packages which are available in the repositories. By default we are shown installed packages only. I found when I installed packages the system would usually report the applications I wanted had installed, but with checksum errors. Running the applications I didn't notice any problems with any of the new software, making the errors seem overly cautious.
The package manager also has a button that will initiate a check for updates and allow us to download all available software updates. I found that around half the time I attempted to check for software updates the package manager would crash, the other half it operated smoothly. This may be a little off putting to users, but on the plus side, the graphical software manager is a very friendly step up from working with the traditional FreeBSD command line tools for software management. One aspect of GhostBSD's software selection I found odd was that the default terminal shell is Fish, even for the root user. Usually changing the root account's shell away from /bin/sh is frowned upon in FreeBSD circles and, personally, it took me some time to get used to Fish. For my own user account I ended up switching to another shell.
GhostBSD 3.5 - managing software packages
(full image size: 214kB, screen resolution 1280x1024 pixels)
I ran GhostBSD in a VirtualBox virtual machine and on a physical desktop computer (dual-core 2.8 GHz CPU, 6 GB of RAM, Radeon video card, Realtek network card). In the virtual environment GhostBSD performed beautifully. Everything worked out of the box, the operating system smoothly handled scaled and full-screen displays and the MATE desktop was responsive. I ran into a problem early on with running GhostBSD on my physical hardware. The live CD did not properly start the X graphical software and I had to manually tweak the configuration to get a desktop environment. Otherwise GhostBSD ran smoothly on my desktop computer. The combination of the operating system's FreeBSD base with the MATE desktop used about 100 MB of active memory, a fairly small footprint for the functionality available.
I was fairly happy with my experience with GhostBSD this week. In the past I have enjoyed GhostBSD because of the project's ability to showcase what a FreeBSD-based operating system looks like running on a live disc with a functional desktop environment. There are not a lot of live discs available in the BSD communities and I was happy to see GhostBSD take on the challenge. At first the project wasn't installable on a local drive and simply worked as a demo disc. As time has gone on the GhostBSD project has matured. With the release of version 3.5 I feel GhostBSD has moved beyond the position of a niche product or a simple demo disc and has moved into the realm of being a general purpose platform suitable to people with mid-level experience with open source operating systems.
GhostBSD 3.5 - running various desktop applications
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A little while ago I reviewed PC-BSD 9.2 and enjoyed my time with that project. The PC-BSD operating system has a nice installer, worked fairly well for me and came with a lot of great administrative features. So many and so powerful were PC-BSD's features, I was willing to overlook some sluggishness in its performance and some of the complexity it presented. GhostBSD, while it uses the same FreeBSD 9.2 base, offers the user a very different flavour of BSD. GhostBSD has a simplified installer, a very responsive desktop, one unified approach to package management and a more streamlined approach. In my mind PC-BSD is ideal for developer workstations, corporate environments and power users.
GhostBSD is a product for the home user who wants to put their installation disc in the drive, confirm their system will boot it and then simply start using their computer. GhostBSD offers an easy installation, enough software for most people to get started and a fairly straight forward package manager to supply additional functionality. The MATE desktop is fast, the configuration tools simple and the provided applications useful. This novice-friendly approach means GhostBSD skips out on some of the powerful tools offered by its PC-BSD cousin, but it also means GhostBSD may be more appealing to a beginner or the causal home crowd.
In the past I have been hesitant to recommend GhostBSD for anything beyond being used as a demo disc. It had a good design and I liked the developer's approach, but I felt it lacked key features and the installation didn't always work for me. I feel GhostBSD's time has come. The project feels complete now, it feels polished and I feel it will work well as a desktop operating system. GhostBSD seems to me to now be about on a user-friendliness level with intermediate Linux distributions. If you have been hopping Linux distributions and looking for something different, then GhostBSD is offering a fast, friendly and stable desktop experience.
* * * * *
This is my third review of a project from the BSD family in the past six weeks and some people have been asking why my focus has seemingly shifted away from Linux distributions. This column is primarily about Linux distributions and so I feel it worth mentioning why I've been spending so much time looking at BSD-related projects.
The first reason is, simply, that I feel most of the really interesting Linux distributions are either about to be released or I have recently reviewed them. Fedora, Mint and openSUSE, for example, are about to see new releases at the time of writing and I am looking forward to trying them. However, until those releases happen I need to cover something else. Other leading projects, such as Ubuntu, I looked at recently and they won't show up on my to-review list again for another six months.
The second reason for my shift in focus is I feel the BSD communities, especially the FreeBSD-based projects, are where the interesting developments are happening these days. Over in FreeBSD land we have efficient PBI bundles, a mature advanced file system in the form of ZFS, new friendly and powerful system installers, a new package manager (PKG-NG), a powerful jail manager and there will soon be new virtualization technology coming with the release of FreeBSD 10.0.
Meanwhile, over in the Linux camp, I feel as though things have reached a plateau. We are seeing small improvements and an increase in polish. For instance, the latest releases from Ubuntu & Kubuntu were solid, incremental improvements. Looking at the release notes for Slackware and the feature list for Fedora I get the impression we will see welcome improvements, but nothing that breaks new ground, nothing that gets the blood pumping. I think openSUSE may be the exception this year as their work with the advanced file system Btrfs looks promising. Their work tying Btrfs with the openSUSE administration tools may be great for users, but openSUSE seems to be the only distribution adopting Btrfs whole heartedly.
What it comes down to is I feel the BSDs are working with some cool new features and placing them on top of a stable base. I think GhostBSD and PC-BSD in particular are interesting projects that are doing important work and I feel they deserve to be in the spotlight.
|Miscellaneous News (by Jesse Smith)
openSUSE 13.1 ships, Debian to package MATE, Canonical plans feature list for Ubuntu 14.04, motivations behind Munich migration
The big news of the past week was the release of openSUSE 13.1. The openSUSE distribution is a cutting-edge operating system which comes with many great user-friendly software packages, a powerful installer and very flexible administration tools. Already reviews of the latest release are appearing and the distribution seems to be holding up well to inspection. One reviewer writes: It's a perfect OS for those who want their privacy to be respected. It's a very user-friendly operating system for those who wants to migrate from Windows. In a nutshell, it's a modern GNU/Linux OS which will take care of your computing needs."
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It has been nearly two years since the proposal to include MATE, a fork of the classic GNOME 2 desktop, was raised in Debian's bug tracker. While the idea of packaging and supporting MATE met some opposition at first, the task has moved ahead and Debian is close to having a complete MATE desktop available in its repositories. While there is not an official time frame for making MATE available, MATE should be packaged in time for Debian's next release, code named "Jessie". Having MATE packaged by Debian not only gives Debian users an extra desktop option. Debian is the base for many other Linux distributions and this will make the classic desktop interface available to derivative projects as well.
* * * * *
There are some attractive new features being planned for next year's launch of Ubuntu 14.04. One of the new features will be improved TRIM support for solid-state drives (SSDs). When the operating system can send TRIM commands to the disk this allows the disk to mark unused areas of the disk as being free to be wiped and reused. Over a long time line enabling TRIM support in the operating system can greatly improve disk performance. There are a few avenues by which TRIM support can be enabled and the Ubuntu team is looking at introducing a method which should not impact operating system performance. The exact approach the developers will take is still up for debate, but any solution should make the combination of Ubuntu and SSDs more attractive to end-users and administrators.
While Canonical is going ahead with improved SSD support for Ubuntu the company is being conservative when it comes to other technologies such as the Mir display server. The new display server, which has been developed to replace the aging X graphical software, was expected to ship with Ubuntu 13.10. Due to some problems with multi-monitor support Mir was delayed until Ubuntu 14.04. However, as Ubuntu 14.04 will be a long term support release, the developers are cautious about adding new, unproven software. Mark Shuttleworth was asked whether Mir would be shipped with Ubuntu 14.04 and he responded: "What we'll do with 14.04 is we'll do point releases which introduce support for new hardware at the kernel level and at the X level, but we won't do point releases of 14.04 which introduce Mir and Unity 8. Now, Mir and Unity 8 are in the archive, and they will become, I imagine, more and more useful and usable, and by not making them part of the base release we probably have more flexibility to update them so they may become usable for people. But we certainly will not switch from vanilla X to Mir during the course of the maintenance life of 14.04."
* * * * *
Some organizations prefer to use Linux over proprietary solutions because Linux can save them money. Others appreciate the stability or the security Linux brings to the table. Peter Hoffman, the man who organized Munich's migration from Windows to Linux, says the primary asset Linux provides is freedom. TechRepublic has an article which looks back on the long-term migration Munich made from Windows to Linux, its costs and benefits. "Free software was ruled the better choice by Munich's ruling body, principally because it would free the council from dependence on any one vendor and future-proof the council's technology stack via open protocols, interfaces and data formats," said Hoffman. According to the city the migration to Linux had the added bonus of saving the tax payers approximately ten million euros.
|Questions and Answers (by Jesse Smith)
Security updates -- the what and the why
Dealing-with-security-updates asks: I still to this day have no clear understanding of the impact of "security updates" in the Linux world. I have searched this subject many times over the years and all the replies I find are pretty much exactly the same: "You need them, just do it." Updates to packages that require a bug fix, add an overlooked tweak or an upgrade (such as a browser) I can understand, but what exactly are the threats to my system that fall under the heading of "security"?
DistroWatch answers: I suspect the issue here is one of terminology. You wrote that you understand the need for updates to packages which contain bugs or web browser upgrades. These situations mentioned are examples of security fixes. A security fix is any software upgrade which fixes a software bug (or configuration) which could be used by a person or program to compromise the security of your applications or operating system. Not applying security updates leaves your system open to attack and may result in your computer being used in ways you do not wish it to be used.
Basically, when a distribution releases a security update they are saying, "We found a mistake in this piece of software which could let bad people control your machine. Here is a new version of the software that fixes that mistake." It is almost always a good idea to install these security updates as it is a great line of defense against people who would like to take over the operation of your computer. Basically, security updates are a subset of bug fixes which protect your computer from being compromised. Machines which are compromised are typically used to attack other machines, send spam e-mails, steal your private information, mine bitcoins or anything else the attacker wishes.
|Released Last Week
Patrick d'Emmabuntüs has announced the release of a minor new update to Emmabuntüs, a Xubuntu-based distribution designed for refurbished computers destined for humanitarian organisations: "The Emmabuntüs team is pleased to announce the 5th maintenance release of Emmabuntüs 2 1.06 based on Xubuntu 12.04.3. For this version 1.06 the following fixes and improvements have been made: updated packages for Xubuntu 12.04.2, codecs and extensions contained in web browsers (Firefox, Chromium) and the Thunderbird mail reader; update extension for LibreOffice 2.3 Language Tools and documentation included in the distribution; update Cairo-Dock 3.3.2; remove the obsolete Medibuntu repository; add a link on the desktop pointing to the new tutorials included in the distribution; add setup menus in Portuguese and German." Here is the brief release announcement.
Network Security Toolkit 18-5413
Ron Henderson has announced the release of Network Security Toolkit (NST), version 18-5413, a specialist Fedora-based live DVD with a large collection of open-source network security tools: "We are pleased to announce the latest NST release: NST 18 SVN:5413. This is an interim release which includes all of the NST and Fedora 18 package updates since 2013-04-13 rolled into a fresh ISO image. Here are some of the highlights for this release: the NST WUI Network Interface Bandwidth Monitor 2 application is available; integrated the ntop application, ntopng, into the NST WUI; ntopng is a network traffic probe used for high-speed web-based traffic analysis and flow collection; a new NST WUI Geolocation Application, ntopng IPv4 hosts, is available using host information derived from ntopng; several new tools that allow you to convert files to different formats were added to the NST WUI...." Read the detailed release announcement to learn more.
The openSUSE project has announced the release of openSUSE 13.1, a major new version of one of the oldest and most popular Linux distributions available today: "Dear contributors, friends and fans: the release is here! Eight months of planning, packaging, adding features, fixing issues, testing and fixing more issues has brought you the best that free and open source has to offer, with our green touch: stable and awesome. This release did benefit from the improvements to our testing infrastructure and much attention to bug fixing. While a combination of over 6,000 packages supporting 5 architectures can never be perfect, we're proud to say this really does represent the best free software has to offer! The latest desktops (five of them!), server and cloud technologies, software development tools and everything in between are included." Read the comprehensive release announcement for more information, additional links and screenshots.
openSUSE 13.1 - the default KDE desktop
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Univention Corporate Server 3.2
Univention has announced the release of Univention Corporate Server 3.2, a Debian-based, enterprise-class operating system for servers: "We are very happy to announce the availability of Univention Corporate Server (UCS) 3.2. Highlights are: the operation of the Univention Management Console has been optimised and simplified in a number of points, e.g., there are now simplified wizards for creating users and internal system users are no longer shown in the basic setting; UCS now provides a SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language) identity provider - the external service is then registered via a cryptographic certificate and trusted by the identity provider; the Univention App Center has been expanded; Samba 4 has been updated to Version 4.1; Bridges, bondings and VLANs can now also be configured in the Univention Management Console...." See the release announcement and release notes for more details.
Turnkey Linux 13.0
Liraz Siri has announced the release of TurnKey Linux 13.0, a major new version of the project's Debian-based set of highly specialised virtual appliances for severs: "TurnKey Linux 13, code-named 'satisfaction guaranteed or your money back' celebrates five years of TurnKey Linux and is based on the latest version of Debian GNU/Linux (7.2). The release includes 1,400 ready-to-use images - 330 GB worth of 100% open source, guru integrated, Linux system goodness in seven build types that are optimized and pre-tested for nearly any deployment scenario: bare metal, virtual machines and hypervisors of all kinds, 'headless' private and public cloud deployments, etc. New apps in this release include OpenVPN, Observium and Tendenci. We hope this new release reinforces the explosion in active 24x7 production deployments (37,521 servers worldwide) we've seen since the previous 12.1 release." See the full release announcement for more information. The multitude of specialist TurnKey Linux virtual appliances are ready for download from SourceForge.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5
Red Hat, Inc. has announced the release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 6.5, the latest update in the 6.x series of Red Hat's enterprise-class Linux distribution: "Red Hat, Inc. today announced the general availability of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5, the latest version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 expands Red Hat's vision of providing an enterprise platform that has the stability to free IT to take on major infrastructure challenges and the flexibility to handle future requirements, with an extensive partner and support ecosystem. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 is designed for those who build and manage large, complex IT projects, especially enterprises that require an open hybrid cloud. From security and networking to virtualization, Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 provides the capabilities needed to manage these environments." Read the press release and consult the detailed release notes for more information.
OpenMandriva Lx 2013.0
After many months of development the inaugural release of OpenMandriva Lx is out: "The OpenMandriva community is proud to announce our first release, OpenMandriva Lx 2013.0. The introduction of OpenMandriva 2013.0 represents a major update from the previous version of Mandriva. This is the first release under the new name, OpenMandriva Lx, and is also the first release under the community of the OpenMandriva Association. With that in mind, here are some of the new features: OpenMandriva Lx features new kernel called NRJ as for energy; KDE 4.11.2 provides a clean, unified desktop for OpenMandriva; this release provides a KDE 4.11 installation featuring ROSA's SimpleWelcome launcher, a winner of the latest contest...." For more information please read the release announcement and check out the release notes.
Ultimate Edition 3.7
Ultimate Edition 3.7, an Ubuntu-based distribution with a customised KDE as the default desktop, has been released: "I would like to announce the release of Ultimate Edition 3.7. Ultimate Edition 3.7 was built from the ground up, debootstrapped from the Ubuntu 12.10 'Quantal Quetzal' tree. This release I tried to build from Ultimate Edition 3.6 base, but had a ton of networking-based issues. I scrapped everything and went back to square one and issues melted away, perhaps a fix at the root level? I know don’t look a gift horse in the mouth. Many repositories have been added to increase software availability. The kernel was pulled from the X.Org 'Crack Pushers PPA' 3.7. Ultimate Edition 3.7 has a comprehensive set of software packages. KDE is the default desktop environment." Read the rest of the release announcement for more information, screenshots and notes on the upcoming 3.8 release.
Ultimate Edition 3.7 - an Ubuntu-based distribution with KDE and much eye candy
(full image size: 620kB, screen resolution 1024x768 pixels)
Calculate Linux 13.11
Alexander Tratsevskiy has announced the release of Calculate Linux 13.11, a new version of the project's Gentoo-based distribution for desktops (with KDE or Xfce), servers and media centres: "We are happy to announce the release of Calculate Linux 13.11. Calculate Linux Desktop, featuring either the KDE (CLD) or the Xfce (CLDX) environment, Calculate Directory Server (CDS), Calculate Media Center (CMC), Calculate Linux Scratch (CLS), Calculate Scratch Server (CSS) are all available for download. Major changes: better domain performance; graphical interfaces do not hang when the network in the domain is down; if LDAP remains unresponsive for some time, the connection will be recovered with user privileges; waiting for the LDAP server when unlocking a domain user's session; applications are now running faster thanks to LDAP caching...." Read the rest of the release announcement for a list of changes and bug fixes.
* * * * *
Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
October 2013 DistroWatch.com donation: FreeType|
We are pleased to announce that the recipient of the October 2013 DistroWatch.com donation is the FreeType project, an open source software library designed to render fonts. It receives US$300.00 in cash.
As one of those works-behind-the-scenes tools, barely noticeable yet essential, especially on the desktop, FreeType is described as "a software font engine that is designed to be small, efficient, highly customizable, and portable while capable of producing high-quality output (glyph images). It can be used in graphics libraries, display servers, font conversion tools, text image generation tools, and many other products as well. Note that FreeType is a font service and doesn't provide APIs to perform higher-level features like text layout or graphics processing (e.g., colored text rendering, ‘hollowing’, etc.). However, it greatly simplifies these tasks by providing a simple, easy to use, and uniform interface to access the content of font files." Please visit the project's overview page for a more detailed description and a list of features.
Launched in 2004, this monthly donations programme is a DistroWatch initiative to support free and open-source software projects and operating systems with cash contributions. Readers are welcome to nominate their favourite project for future donations. Those readers who wish to contribute towards these donations, please use our advertising page to make a payment (PayPal, credit cards, Yandex Money and Bitcoins are accepted). Here is the list of the projects that have received a DistroWatch donation since the launch of the programme (figures in US dollars):
Since the launch of the Donations Program in March 2004, DistroWatch has donated a total of US$37,105 to various open-source software projects.
- 2004: GnuCash ($250), Quanta Plus ($200), PCLinuxOS ($300), The GIMP ($300), Vidalinux ($200), Fluxbox ($200), K3b ($350), Arch Linux ($300), Kile KDE LaTeX Editor ($100) and UNICEF - Tsunami Relief Operation ($340)
- 2005: Vim ($250), AbiWord ($220), BitTorrent ($300), NDISwrapper ($250), Audacity ($250), Debian GNU/Linux ($420), GNOME ($425), Enlightenment ($250), MPlayer ($400), Amarok ($300), KANOTIX ($250) and Cacti ($375)
- 2006: Gambas ($250), Krusader ($250), FreeBSD Foundation ($450), GParted ($360), Doxygen ($260), LilyPond ($250), Lua ($250), Gentoo Linux ($500), Blender ($500), Puppy Linux ($350), Inkscape ($350), Cape Linux Users Group ($130), Mandriva Linux ($405, a Powerpack competition), Digikam ($408) and Sabayon Linux ($450)
- 2007: GQview ($250), Kaffeine ($250), sidux ($350), CentOS ($400), LyX ($350), VectorLinux ($350), KTorrent ($400), FreeNAS ($350), lighttpd ($400), Damn Small Linux ($350), NimbleX ($450), MEPIS Linux ($300), Zenwalk Linux ($300)
- 2008: VLC ($350), Frugalware Linux ($340), cURL ($300), GSPCA ($400), FileZilla ($400), MythDora ($500), Linux Mint ($400), Parsix GNU/Linux ($300), Miro ($300), GoblinX ($250), Dillo ($150), LXDE ($250)
- 2009: Openbox ($250), Wolvix GNU/Linux ($200), smxi ($200), Python ($300), SliTaz GNU/Linux ($200), LiVES ($300), Osmo ($300), LMMS ($250), KompoZer ($360), OpenSSH ($350), Parted Magic ($350) and Krita ($285)
- 2010: Qimo 4 Kids ($250), Squid ($250), Libre Graphics Meeting ($300), Bacula ($250), FileZilla ($300), GCompris ($352), Xiph.org ($250), Clonezilla ($250), Debian Multimedia ($280), Geany ($300), Mageia ($470), gtkpod ($300)
- 2011: CGSecurity ($300), OpenShot ($300), Imagination ($250), Calibre ($300), RIPLinuX ($300), Midori ($310), vsftpd ($300), OpenShot ($350), Trinity Desktop Environment ($300), LibreCAD ($300), LiVES ($300), Transmission ($250)
- 2012: GnuPG ($350), ImageMagick ($350), GNU ddrescue ($350), Slackware Linux ($500), MATE ($250), LibreCAD ($250), BleachBit ($350), cherrytree ($260), Zim ($335), nginx ($250), LFTP ($250), Remastersys ($300)
- 2013: MariaDB ($300), Linux From Scratch ($350), GhostBSD ($340), DHCP ($300), DOSBox ($250), awesome ($300), DVDStyler ($280), Tor ($350), Tiny Tiny RSS ($350), FreeType ($300)
* * * * *
New distributions added to waiting list
- Wakawa Linux. Wakawa Linux is a Debian-based distribution with a focus on the Openbox and MATE graphical user interfaces.
* * * * *
DistroWatch database summary
* * * * *
This concludes this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 2 December 2013. To contact the authors please send email to:
- Jesse Smith (feedback, questions and suggestions: distribution reviews, questions and answers, tips and tricks)
- Ladislav Bodnar (feedback, questions, suggestions and corrections: news, donations, distribution submissions, comments)
- Bruce Patterson (feedback and suggestions: podcast edition)
|• Issue 620 (2015-07-27): Debian GNU/Hurd 2015, Linux Bible, Ubuntu MATE gets new Welcome app, Telegram on Fedora, Plasma Mobile|
|• Issue 619 (2015-07-20): SolydXK 201506, Tanglu's new bug tracker, FSF and Canonical negotiate licensing, Haiku unveils new init system|
|• Issue 618 (2015-07-13): Semplice Linux 7, openSUSE derivatives, Debian adopts GCC 5, Docker ported to FreeBSD|
|• Issue 617 (2015-07-06): Alpine linux 3.2.0, Fedora on MIPS CPUs, Solus offers daily builds, Ubuntu migrating to Snappy|
|• Issue 616 (2015-06-29): MidnightBSD 0.6, openSUSE's "42", encryption added to the ext4 file system, FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 615 (2015-06-22): Raspbian 2015, Fedora works around Intel driver issue, openSUSE adopts GCC 5, frozen desktop while copying files|
|• Issue 614 (2015-06-15): Chromixium OS 1.0, Debian 8.1 released, OpenBSD running in the cloud, sudo myths|
|• Issue 613 (2015-06-08): Fedora 22, Cinnamon 2.6 released, FreeBSD's history, working around Secure Boot|
|• Issue 612 (2015-06-01): Manjaro OpenRC, Debian, Devuan and systemd, Fedora 22 released, Mandriva closes its doors|
|• Issue 611 (2015-05-25): Kubuntu 15.04, openSUSE adopts Plasma 5, Ubuntu's Snappy, words from Debian's Neil McGovern|
|• Issue 610 (2015-05-18): NethServer 6.6, interview with Neil McGovern, CentOS supports AArach64, Foresight discontinued|
|• Issue 609 (2015-05-11): OpenIndiana 2015.03, LXLE 14.04, PC-BSD Current, creating ISO images, Ask A Leader with Peter Ganten|
|• Issue 608 (2015-05-04): Debian 8.0, Bodhi forks Enlightenment, new Debian GNU/Hurd release, distribution release frequency|
|• Issue 607 (2015-04-27): Ubuntu 15.04, Chapeau 21, Debian 8.0 features, Fedora 22 Beta details|
|• Issue 606 (2015-04-20): Linux Mint 2 "LMDE", Matthew Miller, Debian's new Project Leader, Evolve OS name change|
|• Issue 605 (2015-04-13): SuperX 3.0, HAMMER2 features, Linux 4.0, Vince Pooley, Google Code closing|
|• Issue 604 (2015-04-06): Void 20150221, Haiku's commercial partners, Debian release date, Tumbleweed features|
|• Issue 603 (2015-03-30): Tails 1.3, LibreOffice Online, Linux Firewalls book review, Kubuntu with Plasma 5|
|• Issue 602 (2015-03-23): Bodhi Linux 3.0.0, distro popularity, OpenBSD's new web server, GNU Manifesto turns 30|
|• Issue 601 (2015-03-16): Ubuntu MATE 14.10, modern distros for old hardware, AppArmor in Debian, Fedora 22 Alpha|
|• Issue 600 (2015-03-09): Korora 21, distro diversity, Ubuntu gets systemd, PC-BSD security features|
|• Issue 599 (2015-03-02): Sabayon 15.02, creating good passwords, new YaST modules, LMDE preview
|• Issue 598 (2015-02-23): Netrunner 14.1, Vivaldi web browser, Debian election, Cinnamon improvements|
|• Issue 597 (2015-02-16): MakuluLinux MCDE 2.0, Ubuntu phones launch, m0n0wall ceases development, live Linux updates|
|• Issue 596 (2015-02-09): ArchBSD 2014.09.04, encrypted e-mail, Fedora upgrade stats, FreeBSD's support policy|
|• Issue 595 (2015-02-02): ExTiX 15.1, Destroying encrypted data, openSUSE election, OSDisc statistics|
|• Issue 594 (2015-01-26): KaOS 2014.12, Commercial distros, Snappy Ubuntu, PackageKit fixes|
|• Issue 593 (2015-01-19): ReactOS 0.3.17, Unity on Mir, Bluetooth support, openSUSE election|
|• Issue 592 (2015-01-12): Mint 17.1, load averages, binary logs, GNOME Software|
|• Issue 591 (2015-01-05): Manjaro 0.8.11, systemd, Devuan, Torrent Corner|
|• Issue 590 (2014-12-22): Fedora 21, Ubuntu phone, expanding ZFS storage, Able2Extract|
|• Issue 589 (2014-12-15): Parsix 7.0, Ubuntu "Snappy", PC-BSD upgrades, How Linux Works|
|• Issue 588 (2014-12-08): PC-BSD 10.2, rolling-release Ubuntu GNOME, Bitrig, systemd|
|• Issue 587 (2014-12-01): Trisquel 7.0, Kubuntu 14.10 "Plasma5", FreeBSD on 64-bit ARM, Jolla and UbuTab|
|• Issue 586 (2014-11-24): Scientific Linux 7.0, Debian and systemd, Ubuntu MATE, application-level firewalls|
|• Issue 585 (2014-11-17): openSUSE 13.2, PC-BSD's "roles", MATE + Compiz on Mint, cleaning package cache|
|• Issue 584 (2014-11-10): OpenMandriva 2014.1, Debian freeze, trickle, systemd and boot times|
|• Issue 583 (2014-11-03): Ubuntu 14.10, ownCloud, Kylin interview, The Book of PF, Elive's commercial ways|
|• Issue 582 (2014-10-27): GhostBSD 4.0, Tumbleweed and Factory merge, systemd and fork of Debian|
|• Issue 581 (2014-10-20): SparkyLinux 3.5, Fedora's graphics stack, Debian and systemd, OpenBSD 5.6|
|• Issue 580 (2014-10-13): Rolling releases, Arch as best distro, GNOME on Wayland, MINIX 3.3.0|
|• Issue 579 (2014-10-06): PC-BSD 10.0.3, Debian's Jessie freeze, setting up home server|
|• Issue 578 (2014-09-29): Calculate 14, Debian's default desktop, Shellshock vulnerability, practical Tiny Core|
|• Issue 577 (2014-09-22): SymphonyOS 14.1, FreeBSD drops pkg_add, MINIX on ARM, GNU screen|
|• Issue 576 (2014-09-15): PCLinuxOS 2014.08, Mint's documentation, Debian's hardware database, CDE|
|• Issue 575 (2014-09-08): Porteus 3.0.1, Fedora's blivet-gui, Red Hat's Docker, systemd|
|• Issue 574 (2014-09-01): Ubuntu Kylin 14.04, Haiku and Linux kernel, Wayland support, Lumina, Bash completion|
|• Issue 573 (2014-08-25): SolydXK 201407, VPN gateway with FreeBSD, Ubuntu MATE, Raspbian, trusting binary packages|
|• Issue 572 (2014-08-18): ZFSguru 10.1, Fedora's Flock, beta installer for "Jessie", Ubuntu Core, rolling releases|
|• Issue 571 (2014-08-11): HandyLinux 1.6, LMDE update, default desktop in "Jessie", running out of disk space|
|• Issue 570 (2014-08-04): Neptune 4, Kubuntu's KDE Plasma 5, FreeBSD and UEFI, Linux servers|
|• Issue 569 (2014-07-28): Deepin 2014, Ask Fedora, Gentoo and LibreSSL, encrypted package downloads|
|• Issue 568 (2014-07-21): Antergos 2014.06.24, Mint based on Debian stable, upgrading CentOS, BinaryTides|
|• Issue 567 (2014-07-14): Manjaro 0.8.10, PC-BSD jails, Debian and glibc, Fedora's DNF, Xiki and Opera 24|
|• Issue 566 (2014-07-07): LXLE 14.04, OpenBSD's SimpleDE, openSUSE artwork, home security basics|
|• Issue 565 (2014-06-30): Chakra 2014.05, Fedora on BeagleBone, Matthew Miller interview, e-book readers|
|• Full list of all issues|
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This FREE reference card covers basic features of regular expressions, including normal and special characters, quantifiers, capturing and non-capturing groups.