| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 138, 13 February 2006
Welcome to this year's 7th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! Xgl. The "word" has surely entered the consciousness of many Linux users who, thanks to Novell's enhancements dramatically unveiled last week, can look forward to an exciting new world on their Linux desktops later this year. Naturally, SUSE Linux is likely to be the first one to integrate the new features into their upcoming release, although expect some delays from the original schedule. In other news: Mandriva's CEO describes his working day, the developers of MEPIS consider switching their base to Ubuntu, Gentoo gets an updated Portage tool, and Slackware moves closer to version 11.0 with one massive update. The latest release of Mockup, a Debian-based distribution built with Qt 4, is the feature of our "first look" series. Happy reading!
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in ogg (4.87MB) or mp3 (5.78MB) format (courtesy of Shawn Milo).
Join us at irc.freenode.net #distrowatch
Miscellaneous news: Xgl, SUSE 10.1 delays, François Bancilhon interview, future of MEPIS, Kuroo, Slackware 11.0, VectorLinux review
The most exciting news of the past week was the press release by Novell in which the networking giant announced that it had released "enhancements to the Xgl (X over OpenGL) graphics subsystem". The announcement was soon followed by a description of the new features, together with videos to demonstrate the concepts. This has naturally generated much excitement in the Linux community and several distributions have hinted that they plan to integrate the new code into their upcoming releases. Beta testers of SUSE Linux 10.1 can try it out by following these instructions (the new code should be fully integrated into the distribution in beta4). Ubuntu Dapper testers can also get an early preview of the new technology by applying these steps, while more adventurous Gentoo users should read this blog entry. Of course, if you don't feel like experimenting with you system, you can always wait for your distribution's next stable release, by which time the new features will be well-tested and (hopefully) debugged. Interesting times ahead!
Partly as a result of the above news, the openSUSE project has announced major changes and delays in the development of the upcoming SUSE Linux 10.1. The beta4, originally scheduled for last week, has been delayed by an extra week, which will be followed by beta5 on February 23rd. The testing procedure might undergo further modifications before the final release. Besides Xgl, there will be several other significant changes before the release of beta4 - non-GPL kernel modules will be removed, the Fontconfig bug from beta3 will be fixed, and the SUSE package manager will undergo a major update.
Mandriva Club has published an interview with François Bancilhon, the CEO of Mandriva. With the increasing competition between distributions, we found it interesting to note Bancilhon's response to a question about "the threat of Ubuntu". At first, Mandriva's CEO dismissed the African project with: "Three years ago I got a lot of calls about Knoppix, two years ago, I got a lot of calls about Gentoo and so on. Right now, the new 'in thing' is Ubuntu." Later, however, he expressed his underlying fear of Ubuntu a bit more bluntly: "One possible worse case scenario is that Ubuntu's plan is to use money to put all other community-based distros out of business and then start monetizing the installed base." A rather harsh comments, we thought. After all, not everybody likes Ubuntu and there are many people who clearly prefer other, well established distributions with more mature administration tools and better internationalisation features. Overall, though, an interesting interview, certainly worth a read.
Following the new release of SimplyMEPIS last week, Warren Woodford, the distribution's founder and lead developer spoke to NewsForge about some of the issues affecting the production of the new version. Apparently, the frustrating delays were caused by a rapidly changing Debian "etch" branch: "It's taking up all my time, fighting the 'etch' pool.... We've had a lot of trouble, because the Debian community has become so active, it's been difficult to get this out, so I'm looking at alternatives to getting out stable releases." Although the final decision has not been made, Ubuntu has been suggested as a possible alternative for future SimplyMEPIS releases to be based on: "I'm not committed 100 percent to Ubuntu yet, I'm looking at Ubuntu.... I need to vet it before I can say that absolutely." Woodford also touches on the subject of support for the AMD64 processors and comments on the sensitive issue of releasing MEPIS utilities under the GPL.
If you are a Gentoo user, but would prefer a graphical application for Portage, the distribution's venerable package management tool, you might consider giving Kuroo a try. This KDE-based front-end for compiling software on the popular source-based distribution has undergone dramatic enhancements in recent weeks. Based on usability studies and user feedback, the newly released version 0.80beta1 is not only much more intuitive than its predecessor, its user interface has been beautified and it also sports a handful of interesting enhancements, such as the new powerful filtering mechanism. More information and screenshots can be found in this blog entry by Florian Grässle.
After a brief hiatus following the birth of Patrick Volkerding's first child, the Slackware current changelog received a large number of updates during the past week. Much of the base system, including Automake (1.9.6), Berkeley DB (4.4.20), Bison (2.1), Coreutils (5.93), and Perl (5.8.8), have been upgraded to the latest stable versions and many other applications have also been brought up-to-date. The graphical subsystem too was given a major shake up with KDE and XFce, together with Firefox, Gaim, GIMP a number of smaller applications synchronised with the latest upstream releases. In the testing directory, the Linux kernel was upgraded to version 188.8.131.52, while SeaMonkey, which made its tentative appearance here for the first time, is likely to replace the Mozilla suite in the near future. Detailed information, including a comment about "preparation for a .0 release", can be found in the latest Slackware changelog.
Finally, a link to a new review of the recently released VectorLinux 5.1.1 Deluxe, as published by Mad Penguin: "I introduce to you VectorLinux. No, it's not new. It's not revolutionary. What it is is a derivative of Slackware Linux that has been optimized to run beautifully on any PC new or old, and with a most excellent compliment of included applications. All of this on two CDs. VectorLinux is, without a doubt, the single most impressive redistribution of Slackware available. Why? Because it retains Slackware's ease of use and overall feel, but adds a nice performance boost and extra applications to the package. In other words, VectorLinux has the Slackware mojo... and then some." The full review.
|First Look: Mockup 0.2.0
First Look: Mockup 0.2.0
What is Mockup? Just one more distribution for the DistroWatch database or the beginning of an exciting project that could bring more users to desktop Linux? The description on the distribution's home page is somewhat vague to come to an objective conclusion and the development has barely taken off the ground to pass a judgement. But if our mailbox is anything to go by, Mockup has already generated some early interest among the DistroWatch readers so perhaps there is hope that the initial shy steps will turn into a major project with a significant user base.
But let's start at the beginning. Mockup first rose into prominence after an interview with Pier Luigi Fiorini, the distribution's lead developer, who explained the purpose of the new project. Firstly, the Mockup desktop will be written in Qt 4.x, with an attempt to create a system that is integrated and logical (criteria that are, according to Fiorini, missing from both GNOME and KDE, which he considers "slow, bloated and not usable"). Secondly, users will not be given a choice of software - there will be just one application per task, all carefully chosen by the Mockup development team.
Based on the interview, it seems that Mockup is another attempt to create a user-friendly desktop distribution targeted at non-technical users. It's obvious that some of the ideas were inspired by Mac OS, an operating system Fiorini mentions several times throughout his replies. With further emphasis on solid multimedia support, intuitive software addition and removal, and desktop eye candy (e.g. translucency and drop shadows, if supported by the graphics card), Mockup has a promising future. So how far has it come since its initial announcement some 12 months ago?
We downloaded the just released version 0.2.0 to check it out. The release announcement warned that the new product lacked a hard disk installer so it could only be used as a live CD. It booted fast in a framebuffer mode, before spitting out a bunch of error message while attempting to start the X server. Nevertheless, logging in as root and typing 'startx' brought up the graphical subsystem just fine and we were soon looking at an arty background image gracing the KDE 3.5.0 desktop.
At first sight, the only unusual feature of the desktop was a Mac OS-style context menu on the top of the screen. This changes depending on which of the open applications has the focus and provides access to that application's menus. Of course, this is a feature of KDE that can be enabled in the Control Centre. Other than that, Mockup 0.2.0 seems to provide little beyond a standard KDE desktop and collection of KDE applications, including the latest KOffice.
Having spent an afternoon with the live CD, it became obvious that the developers' main focus at this stage is to get the basic OS infrastructure ready - this includes the live CD functionality with Unionfs and hardware detection (which, incidentally, was flawless on our test system). Although the project has made a dramatic progress since version 0.1.0, the Mockup desktop doesn't offer anything remarkably new and its goal of providing "a coherent and integrated desktop environment", whatever that means, is still some distance away.
The project's web site at Mockup.org has been down for much of today (Monday). Rest assured, though, that if you had wanted to download the new release, but had been unable access the ISO file, you didn't miss much. Perhaps 0.3 will provide more answers about the distribution's directions?
Mockup combines Debian and Qt 4 to create a distributions with ambitious goals
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|Released Last Week
The GoblinX project has released GoblinX Premium 2006.1. Unlike the Slackware-based distribution's previous versions, no downloadable ISO images are available this time, but experienced Linux users can build the complete ISO from modules by following the instructions in the latest GoblinX newsletter. Alternatively, the product can also be obtained from On-disk.com for US$9.99. GoblinX 2006.1 comes with kernel 2.6.15, X.Org 6.8.2, KDE 3.4.2, XFce 4.2.2, and Firefox 1.5, while the premium edition also includes Java and proprietary graphics drivers from ATI and NVIDIA. For more information please see the distribution's product page.
Damn Small Linux 2.2
Damn Small Linux 2.2 has been released. From the changelog: "Updated dmix - added sync button for easy volume control; updated Wallpaper.lua now has color chooser for background color; updated pcitable to correctly support Broadcom b44 module; new extension check upon exit, will remind user to save extensions downloaded to ramdisk before shutdown; updated French keymaps; for maximum hardware support on older computers, kernel and modules were changed back to 2.4.26 including legacy SCSI and ZIP drive support; Calcoo replaces Xcalc; updated and enhanced index.html for Money websever; USB 2.0 boot time detection added to isolinux version...."
Parsix GNU/Linux 0.76
Parsix GNU/Linux has been updated to version 0.76: "To celebrate first anniversary of the Parsix GNU/Linux project, an updated, fixed and improved version of Parsix GNU/Linux is available now. Important changes since 0.75 are: added many WLAN drivers to all kernels; added sl-modem and ltmodem drivers to all kernels; Ndiswrapper 1.8 support; added English starter guide; added support for many locales like de, fr, it; added Firestarter personal firewall; removed Evolution to make more space on the CD-ROM for new documents; Linux 184.108.40.206, GNOME 2.12.2, X.Org 6.9, OpenOffice.org 2.0.1...." The release announcement.
EnGarde Secure Linux 3.0.4
Guardian Digital has released an updated version of EnGarde Secure Linux, Community edition: "Guardian Digital is happy to announce the release of EnGarde Secure Community 3.0.4. This release includes several bug fixes and feature enhancements to the Guardian Digital WebTool and the SELinux policy, and several new packages available for installation. New features include: a new GDSN package management interface in WebTool; a new Spanish translation of the Guardian Digital WebTool; new Guardian Digital WebTool modules for DHCP and UPS services...." Here is the release announcement.
Arudius is a Slackware-based live CD distribution containing an extensive set of software tools used by IT security professionals for penetration testing and vulnerability analysis. Version 0.5 has been released: "Arudius 0.5 released! This release features the addition of some novel security tools - tools for passive network discovery by analyzing broadcast traffic, very fast SMB password cracking tool and a UPnP device discovery tool analyzing M-SEARCH packets, to mention a few among others." Visit the project's home page to read the release announcement and to learn more about the distribution.
Guadalinex 3.0 has been released. Guadalinex is an Ubuntu-based distribution developed by the government of Andalucía in Spain and designed to replace proprietary operating systems in government institutions and schools. According to the release announcement (in Spanish) the latest version comes with an improved hard disk installer, permitting installation of the operating system directly from the live CD; default setup of a separate /home partition; improved hardware detection; kernel 2.6.12, GNOME 2.12. Evolution 2.4, OpenOffice.org 2.0; wizards for network configuration, including Ethernet, WiFi, modem and ADSL; and the usual range of open source software.
After a long wait, SimplyMEPIS 3.4-3 is declared stable: "SimplyMEPIS, version 3.4-3 is finally released. Any further changes will be made available as updates from the MEPIS pool. Look for 3.4-3 in the released subdirectory at the MEPIS Subscriber's Site and public mirrors. The over 900 packages preinstalled in SimplyMEPIS 3.4-3 include X.Org 6.8, KDE 3.4.3, OpenOffice 2.0.1, Firefox 1.5, and a 2.6.15 kernel. As usual, SimplyMEPIS is multimedia-ready with integrated players for all major media types. For example, MAC and PC iPods should work seamlessly with Amarok." Read the complete press release for further information.
MoLinux 2.0 Live
A live CD edition of MoLinux 2.0 has been released. The most important enhancement of the new product is the incorporation of "Ubuntu-express", a graphical hard disk installation program developed in cooperation with the Guadalinex project. The installer also includes a partitioning program (GParted), enabling users to resize existing partitions and make space for MoLinux. Additionally, the new release comes with several feature enhancements and bug fixes. For more information please read the release announcement on the distribution's home page (in Spanish).
Dreamlinux 1.0 STUDIO
Dreamlinux is a Brazilian Linux distribution based on Morphix and the XFce desktop. The newly released STUDIO edition, available in English and Portuguese, is built on top of the earlier 1.2.1 XFce release, but ships with extra application for audio, video and web design, including Audacity, Avidemux, Blender, Cinelerra, and Nvu, among many others. The product functions as a bootable live CD with an optional hard disk installation module, as well as a Morphix Control Panel for easy modification of system settings. For more information about about Dreamlinux please visit the project's home page (in Portuguese) and read the latest changelog.
AUSTRUMI 1.1.0 has been released. From the changelog: "Added AUSTRUMI live CD remastering tool with GUI; added 3 themes; added Linux DC++ - P2P network direct connect client; added QEMU - processor emulator; added Sweep - audio editor and live playback tool; added vqcc-gtk - quickChat and Vypress Chat; updated AbiWord, Firefox, Linphone, Nmap, rxvt, tar, XChat, X.Org, unrar; removed PostgreSQL, added MySQL; removed Gspoof added Ant; removed Pavuk, Dillo, wget; updated kernel (2.6.14); added Marvel-Yukon ethernet support."
AUSTRUMI - a superfast mini-distribution featuring the Openbox window manager
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Grafpup Linux 1.0.2
After two release candidates, Grafpup Linux 1.0.2 final has been released: "Grafpup Standard 1.0.2 is officially released and available on the server. There is an extensive list of changes and upgrades in this release: GIMP has been updated to 2.2.10, with extra plugins for RAW decoding and CMYK conversion; Inkscape is updated to 0.43; Scribus is now 1.2.4; MtPaint is now 2.29.30; Gaim is now 1.5.0; Xarchive replaces guiTAR; Xlock screen locker; Visual improvements including new wallpaper, splash screen, icons, menu improvements, less desktop clutter; other tweaks i.e. Opera now uses ROX as the default file handler...." See the release announcement for further details.
Magic Linux 2.0
Magic Linux 2.0 has been released. Compared to the previous stable version of this popular Chinese community distribution, the most important new features in version 2.0 include the following: 'devfs' has been replaced by 'udev', 'hal' and 'dbus' for improved auto-mounting of external storage devices; better hardware compatibility, which solves some of the problems reported after the release of 1.2; beautification of the KDE user interface, improved device management, now integrated into the Magic Control Centre; updated system installer; addition of new applications (e.g. Eva IM client, BitStorm Lite); bug fixes. More details can be found in the release announcement (in Chinese).
* * * * *
Development and unannounced releases
- rPath Linux 0.99.6, the release announcement
- VectorLinux 5.1-beta (Standard Live), the release announcement
- FreeBSD 6.1-BETA1 and 5.5-BETA1, the release announcement
- Lunar Linux 1.6.0-rc3, the release announcement
- Elive 0.4-pre, the release announcement
- SUSE Linux 10.1-beta3, the release announcement
- SME Server 7.0-pre2, the release announcement
- Ark Linux 2006.1-snapshot, the release announcement
- Mockup 0.2.0, the release announcement
- Wolvix 1.0.4-beta2 (Media edition), the release announcement
- Haansoft Linux 2006-rc1
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
New distributions added to the waiting list|
- IPFire. IPFire is a German firewall distribution based on IPCop.
- Plusiaczek Linux. Plusiaczek Linux (which roughly translates to "fluffy" in English) is an i686-optimised live CD based on Gentoo Linux and designed as a general purpose distribution for Polish Linux users. It ships with KDE 3.5.1, packing only what the author considers its most useful applications, and a set of others like Wine, K3b, KOffice, Scribus, Frozen Bubble, PHP, MySQL, PostgreSQL and XFce.
* * * * *
DistroWatch database summary
That's all for today. The next issue of DistroWatch Weekly will be published on Monday, 20 February 2006. See you then :-)
|• Issue 637 (2015-11-23): NixOS 15.09, Antergos introduces ZFS support, MINIX shares new features, copying an OS to a new computer|
|• Issue 636 (2015-11-16): openSUSE 42.1, Fedora uses Wayland by default, Debian replaces live CD project, Steam consoles launch|
|• Issue 635 (2015-11-09): Fedora 23, Cinnamon 2.8 released, a Fedora KDE packager quits, Red Hat signs deal with Microsoft|
|• Issue 634 (2015-11-02): Ubuntu 15.10, Chakra upgrades to Plasma 5, OpenMandriva plans new editions, MINIX plans conference|
|• Issue 633 (2015-10-26): GhostBSD 10.1, Bodhi Linux to get new settings panel, Fedora 23 delayed, creating live image of existing OS|
|• Issue 632 (2015-10-19): Linux Lite 2.6, 32-bit build of CentOS, OpenBSD turns 20, Bodhi Linux releases AppPack|
|• Issue 631 (2015-10-12): Parsix 8.0, Manjaro seeks new artwork, sending commands to multiple servers, Debian drops LSB support|
|• Issue 630 (2015-10-05): Android-x86 4.4-r3, Ubuntu's new installer, Raspbian defaults to GUI interface, cleaning out dot files|
|• Issue 629 (2015-09-28): Open source desktops and touch interfaces, locking down user accounts, OpenMandriva opens gaming documentation|
|• Issue 628 (2015-09-21): Neptune 4.4, changes to pfSense, Pinguy OS releases updated ISO images, accessing hard disk images|
|• Issue 627 (2015-09-14): Mageia 5, Snappy co-exists with Debian packages, creating PDF/A documents, Antergos previews Poodle|
|• Issue 626 (2015-09-07): Status of Wayland and Mir, Cinnamon improvements, an OpenBSD hypervisor, HAMMER2 gets deduplication|
|• Issue 625 (2015-08-31): OpenELEC 5.0.8, Fedora's new Wayland features, Tails releases update, the LILO boot loader|
|• Issue 624 (2015-08-24): Zorin OS 10, Sabayon's new features, Solus seeks funding, Debian turns 22, new PC-BSD repository|
|• Issue 623 (2015-08-17): VectorLinux 7.1, Ubuntu One source released, Moksha Desktop ships in Bodhi, Fedora developers debate Chromium|
|• Issue 622 (2015-08-10): antiX 15, Fedora tests kdbus, Debian tracks UEFI issues, word processors for the CLI|
|• Issue 621 (2015-08-03): Point Linux 3.0, Debian drops Sparc, Fedora package stats, VirtualBox 5.0|
|• Issue 620 (2015-07-27): Debian GNU/Hurd 2015, Linux Bible, Ubuntu MATE gets new Welcome app, Telegram on Fedora, Plasma Mobile|
|• Issue 619 (2015-07-20): SolydXK 201506, Tanglu's new bug tracker, FSF and Canonical negotiate licensing, Haiku unveils new init system|
|• Issue 618 (2015-07-13): Semplice Linux 7, openSUSE derivatives, Debian adopts GCC 5, Docker ported to FreeBSD|
|• Issue 617 (2015-07-06): Alpine linux 3.2.0, Fedora on MIPS CPUs, Solus offers daily builds, Ubuntu migrating to Snappy|
|• Issue 616 (2015-06-29): MidnightBSD 0.6, openSUSE's "42", encryption added to the ext4 file system, FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 615 (2015-06-22): Raspbian 2015, Fedora works around Intel driver issue, openSUSE adopts GCC 5, frozen desktop while copying files|
|• Issue 614 (2015-06-15): Chromixium OS 1.0, Debian 8.1 released, OpenBSD running in the cloud, sudo myths|
|• Issue 613 (2015-06-08): Fedora 22, Cinnamon 2.6 released, FreeBSD's history, working around Secure Boot|
|• Issue 612 (2015-06-01): Manjaro OpenRC, Debian, Devuan and systemd, Fedora 22 released, Mandriva closes its doors|
|• Issue 611 (2015-05-25): Kubuntu 15.04, openSUSE adopts Plasma 5, Ubuntu's Snappy, words from Debian's Neil McGovern|
|• Issue 610 (2015-05-18): NethServer 6.6, interview with Neil McGovern, CentOS supports AArach64, Foresight discontinued|
|• Issue 609 (2015-05-11): OpenIndiana 2015.03, LXLE 14.04, PC-BSD Current, creating ISO images, Ask A Leader with Peter Ganten|
|• Issue 608 (2015-05-04): Debian 8.0, Bodhi forks Enlightenment, new Debian GNU/Hurd release, distribution release frequency|
|• Issue 607 (2015-04-27): Ubuntu 15.04, Chapeau 21, Debian 8.0 features, Fedora 22 Beta details|
|• Issue 606 (2015-04-20): Linux Mint 2 "LMDE", Matthew Miller, Debian's new Project Leader, Evolve OS name change|
|• Issue 605 (2015-04-13): SuperX 3.0, HAMMER2 features, Linux 4.0, Vince Pooley, Google Code closing|
|• Issue 604 (2015-04-06): Void 20150221, Haiku's commercial partners, Debian release date, Tumbleweed features|
|• Issue 603 (2015-03-30): Tails 1.3, LibreOffice Online, Linux Firewalls book review, Kubuntu with Plasma 5|
|• Issue 602 (2015-03-23): Bodhi Linux 3.0.0, distro popularity, OpenBSD's new web server, GNU Manifesto turns 30|
|• Issue 601 (2015-03-16): Ubuntu MATE 14.10, modern distros for old hardware, AppArmor in Debian, Fedora 22 Alpha|
|• Issue 600 (2015-03-09): Korora 21, distro diversity, Ubuntu gets systemd, PC-BSD security features|
|• Issue 599 (2015-03-02): Sabayon 15.02, creating good passwords, new YaST modules, LMDE preview
|• Issue 598 (2015-02-23): Netrunner 14.1, Vivaldi web browser, Debian election, Cinnamon improvements|
|• Issue 597 (2015-02-16): MakuluLinux MCDE 2.0, Ubuntu phones launch, m0n0wall ceases development, live Linux updates|
|• Issue 596 (2015-02-09): ArchBSD 2014.09.04, encrypted e-mail, Fedora upgrade stats, FreeBSD's support policy|
|• Issue 595 (2015-02-02): ExTiX 15.1, Destroying encrypted data, openSUSE election, OSDisc statistics|
|• Issue 594 (2015-01-26): KaOS 2014.12, Commercial distros, Snappy Ubuntu, PackageKit fixes|
|• Issue 593 (2015-01-19): ReactOS 0.3.17, Unity on Mir, Bluetooth support, openSUSE election|
|• Issue 592 (2015-01-12): Mint 17.1, load averages, binary logs, GNOME Software|
|• Issue 591 (2015-01-05): Manjaro 0.8.11, systemd, Devuan, Torrent Corner|
|• Issue 590 (2014-12-22): Fedora 21, Ubuntu phone, expanding ZFS storage, Able2Extract|
|• Issue 589 (2014-12-15): Parsix 7.0, Ubuntu "Snappy", PC-BSD upgrades, How Linux Works|
|• Issue 588 (2014-12-08): PC-BSD 10.2, rolling-release Ubuntu GNOME, Bitrig, systemd|
|• Issue 587 (2014-12-01): Trisquel 7.0, Kubuntu 14.10 "Plasma5", FreeBSD on 64-bit ARM, Jolla and UbuTab|
|• Full list of all issues|