| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 91, 14 March 2005
Welcome to this year's 11th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! It is "CeBIT" time again, which means lots of interesting news and announcements. It seems that the CeBIT edition of KNOPPIX 3.8 is a runaway success and there is a lot to look forward to next month when SUSE LINUX 9.3 starts shipping. Plenty of excitement on the desktop front too, with the brand new GNOME 2.10 freshly out of the oven and KDE 3.4 following shortly. Also, don't miss our much improved distribution search engine with several new features added within the last few days! Enjoy!
Knoppix 3.8 CeBIT edition available, SUSE LINUX 9.3 coming soon
As has become a tradition at this time the year, the developers of Knoppix have put together a special edition of the popular live CD to give away during the CeBIT exhibition in Hannover, Germany. ZDNet, in its article entitled Linux a picture of health at CeBIT, described the events at the Knoppix booth on Friday: "Klaus Knopper attracted a packed crowd on Friday lunchtime when he demonstrated the latest version of his Linux distribution. So many people turned up to Knopper's event that there wasn't a spare seat to be had, and our correspondent on the ground reports that 'a mad rush broke out' when Knoppix 3.8 CDs were distributed." If you haven't been able to make it to CeBIT, don't despair - although Knoppix 3.8 has not been released publicly, it is still GPL software and some of the lucky attendees were happy to share it with the rest of us. Get the Knoppix 3.8 torrents from here or here.
Knoppix 3.8 - distributed this week at the CeBIT exhibition in Hannover
(full image size: 574kB)
Still at CeBIT 2005, a new version of SUSE LINUX was announced last week. Depending on your geographical location, it should be available at around 18 April: "Novell today announced the availability of its latest Linux offering, SUSE LINUX Professional 9.3, due to ship mid-April, 2005." Among the more interesting features in this version is XEN virtualisation, which lets users run multiple versions of the operating system simultaneously. SUSE 9.3 will be highly "cutting-edge", with kernel 2.6.10, X.Org 6.8.2, KDE 3.4, GNOME 2.10 and a pre-release version of OpenOffice.org 2.0 all packed into the distribution. The usual range of improvements in the hardware and notebook support arena should make this release a worthwhile product to own. You can find more information about SUSE LINUX 9.3 in the official press release and on the product's preview page.
* * * * *
And still in Germany, the developers of SphinxOS have emailed to tell us that the "Home edition" (without CrossOver, Cedega and support) of their Linux distribution is now available for free download. This offer is limited for the duration of the CeBIT exhibition and will end on 20 March. SphinxOS is a commercial offspring of MEPIS Linux developed for the German-speaking market; if you understand German, you can find more information and pretty screenshots on the SphinxOS.com web site.
SphinxOS 4.0 - a commercial distribution based on MEPIS Linux and developed for the German-speaking market.
(full image size: 385kB)
Kyle Sallee, the lead developer of Sorcerer has sent us news about an interesting new technology that could be of interest to dial-up users and to those who run source-based distributions and frequently download large source files from the Internet. Called sdelta, the project claims to be able to save much time and many megabytes while upgrading an older source package to a later version. Since new releases of many projects typically contain 85% of recycled code, claims Kyle, users should not need to download the full source code of a new release. A small patch is often all that is needed to convert old sources into new ones. The sdelta technology has been used in Sorcerer for several months and is now also available as a standalone product. For more information, please visit the sdelta project page.
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If you are running Slackware Linux in a server environment, you might be interested in this excellent article explaining how to install and use the exec-shield kernel patch on your Slackware 10.1 system: "The Holy Grail of most any hacker trying to get access to a system is the remote buffer overflow attack. Well, actually, it's finding a Windows PC not protected by a firewall, but the remote buffer overflow attack is a (somewhat) close second. This article will discus one way to help protect against this type of attack on a Slackware Linux system with the installation of a special system called exec-shield." Read more at userlocal.com.
GNOME 2.10 released, KDE 3.4 coming this week
The two most popular open source desktop environments are getting major uplifts - GNOME 2.10 was released last week and KDE 3.4 is expected shortly. For those who would like to try out the GNOME 2.10 desktop without having to compile your own binaries and without having to wait for your distribution's new release, you have several options. One of the more interesting one is the GnomeLiveCd, a semi-official live CD by the GNOME project to showcase their latest technologies: "The goal here is to create a LiveCD to demonstrate GNOME. The initial impetus was to be able to send a GNOME LiveCD to journalists and news agencies so that they can test and talk about GNOME without installing it, but others have expressed interest as well." Besides GnomeLiveCd, the latest pre-release version of Ubuntu Linux, as well as Foresight Linux now include GNOME 2.10. Screenshots are available here.
GnomeLiveCd 2.10 - demonstrating the latest enhancements in the popular desktop
(full image size: 1,880kB)
|Released Last Week
GoblinX is a Brazilian Linux distribution based on Slackware Linux. Version 1.1 is out with the following changes: "Added kernel 2.6.10; added udev and removed devfs; added Unionfs and removed OVLFS; added SquashFS; faster boot and less memory used by live CD; added Busybox to create a smaller initrd; added Fluxbox and Enlightenment; added three more languages: German, French and Spanish; added 'nofirewall' option to disable firewall at boot; added 'alsa' option to enable alsaconf at boot; added "gdm" option to start X using GDM; changed some themes and icons, and changed bootsplash theme to include animations...." Read the rest of the changelog for more details.
CentOS 4.0 (x86_64)
CentOS 4.0 for x86_64 processors has been released: "The CentOS team is pleased to announce availability of CentOS 4.0 x86_64. This product supports AMD x86_64 and Intel EM64T processors, including all compatible platforms. Major new features include the Linux 2.6 Kernel, SELinux, udev replacing the /dev system, X.Org, MySQL4, CyrusIMAPd, GNOME 2.8 and KDE 3.3. These improvements along with many more are detailed in the release notes available online." Here is the full release announcement.
Kurumin Linux 4.1
Kurumin Linux 4.1 has been released. This version includes various minor improvements and refines the work that went into 4.0. The next version will provide a general package update to synchronise the included package set with the Debian Testing repository. The improvements in Kurumin Linux 4.1 include: redesign of the "clica-aki" control panel in order to provide users with a better visual experience and to add new panels; better hardware support with the addition of hwsetup-kurumin, which includes drivers for hardware commonly used in Brazil; newly added support for Intel 536 modems and various TV cards; speed improvements to Kurumin-emu, and many other changes as detailed in the changelog (in Portuguese).
An updated version of DNALinux, a SLAX-based live CD with applications specific to Bioinformatics, has been released: "DNALinux 0.4 has been updated. There are 3 new features: support for 5 new languages - French, Spanish, German, Portuguese, and Italian; updated BLAST to 2.2.10; Firefox 1.0 with Flash player pre-installed. To activate a new language, just put 'slax load=xx' in the boot screen. xx should be replaced by one of these: it, de, fr, pt and es (it - Italian, de - German, fr - French, pt - Portuguese and es - Spanish). Next DNALinux (0.5) will be based on the upcoming SLAX 5.0." Here is the full release announcement.
Conectiva Linux 10 Update 1
Conectiva has released a security and bug-fix update CD for Conectiva Linux 10. From the release notes: "Welcome to the Conectiva Linux 10 Update 1. This CD includes: official updates, installer with fixes, kernel 2.6.10 final plus extra patches, new NVIDIA driver 6629, new Mozilla 1.7.3, drbd 0.7.5, ALSA 1.0.7. This CD can be used in two ways - to update an already installed system with Conectiva Linux 10, doing 'apt-cdrom add' and 'apt-get dist-upgrade', or to install Conectiva Linux 10; simply boot this update CD and follow the normal installation procedures. The installer will use the updated packages and will ask for the other CL 10 CDs according to the installation profile. Due to installer architecture, you can also make a minimal install with only this update CD."
Development and unannounced releases
eduKnoppix 2.1.0 - a well-designed Italian live CD with educational software
(full image size: 277kB)
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
SUSE LINUX 9.3
Novell has announced details about the upcoming release of SUSE LINUX 9.3, scheduled for next month: "From a stable and reliable Linux operating system to a complete set of desktop applications - including an office suite, a Web browser, an instant-messaging client, multimedia viewers and graphical software - SUSELINUX Professional 9.3 has it all. It also offers the latest open source applications for developing applications, setting up a home network, running a Web server and doing much more. With the convenience of installation media, complete documentation, and installation support, SUSE LINUX Professional delivers desktop reliability and security at an affordable price. SUSE LINUX Professional 9.3 will be shipping mid-April, 2005." Find out more information on the SUSE 9.3 preview page. The product is now available for pre-order (US$99.95 for the full edition and US$59.95 for the upgrade edition).
Fedora Core 4 Test1
The release of Fedora Core 4, Test1 was further delayed by a day and is now scheduled for 15 March. Find more details on the Fedora Core release schedule page.
The latest SLAX newsletter provides some information about the upcoming SLAX 5.0: "After a few months of silence, a new version of SLAX is coming." From the list of planned features: "New SLAX 5 will be the most innovative and promising SLAX ever. We will switch to 2.6 kernel line. Zisofs compression will be replaced by SquashFS, which provides better compression ratio and higher read speed. OVLFS (which was the most amazing and exciting feature specific only for SLAX) will be replaced by Unionfs. The ability to fit SLAX to a mini CD (or mini DVD) medium is still the highest priority." Read more on this page.
Linux Caixa Mágica 10 Desktop
A new version of Linux Caixa Mágica, a Portuguese Linux distribution based on SUSE LINUX, will be formally released on 14 April 2004. Read more in the release announcement (in Portuguese).
* * * * *
Summary of expected upcoming releases
|Web Site News
Those of you who prefer to visit one of the local mirrors of DistroWatch might have noticed that some of them are no longer updated. This is because we have moved all news from a plain text file into a SQLite database over the weekend. The decision was not taken lightly, but due to the ever growing site, it is no longer feasible to keep data in text files. The move should make it easier for us to maintain the news section and improve performance of the web server. On the negative side, most of our mirrors were not configured with support for SQLite and are no longer able to mirror DistroWatch. The only exceptions are the mirrors in Austria and Romania, but those of you who have been using our mirrors in the USA and Australia will have to visit the main site from now on. Our apologies for the inconvenience.
More search features
We have made some progress with our search engine last week and we are pleased to report that processor support has been included (many thanks to Mark Kowarsky who collected and organised the data). This was one of the most frequently requested features for a long time, so hopefully we won't receive any more emails requesting the feature. Now it is a simple matter of selecting your processor from a drop-down box and hit the refresh button to display all distributions that support a particular processor. Alternatively, you can also type in a URL into your browser; for example, if you'd like to see all distributions for the PowerPC architecture, you can simply type: http://distrowatch.com/search.php?architecture=powerpc. Similarly, distributions have now been categorised based on various criteria - as an example, you can get a list of all live CDs or firewalls with just a few mouse clicks. As always, if you spot any errors, or if there is anything else that you'd like to see, let us know.
New distributions addition
- Foresight One Linux. Foresight Linux is a distribution based on Specifix Linux (and its Conary package management), which showcases the latest and greatest from the GNOME project. Some of the more innovative things are included, like beagle, howl, and the latest hal. All of this, plus some nice, clean default themes and artwork.
New on the waiting list
- Featherweight Linux. Featherweight Linux is an installable live CD based on Feather Linux. It is a full featured distribution with a small foot print that is light and fast, even on older machines, but still carries a knockout punch. It comes with a minimal KDE 3.3 desktop and several favourite applications like Firefox, Thunderbird, Gaim, GIMP and more. Nevertheless, it is still small compared to many of its competitors.
- Kaizen Linux. Kaizen Linux is more than just another Linux distribution. Kaizen is a framework for managing the development and deployment of customised Linux-based installations. The Linux operating system is built from hundreds of different software programs and libraries that need to work together in a functioning manner. This is no small task for developers, package maintainers and system administrators. The Kaizen framework simplifies this process through a number of projects. The proof of concept for the Kaizen framework is Kaizen Linux.
DistroWatch database summary
- Number of Linux distributions in the database: 393
- Number of BSD distributions in the database: 9
- Number of discontinued distributions: 49
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 92
|DistroWatch in the News
DistroWatch founder and maintainer interviewed
The nice folks at LinuxSoft.cz have asked me a few questions about how I started with DistroWatch and other topics. This developed into an email interview:
"FH: How you get the idea of founding DistroWatch?
LB: This happened while I was with Linpus Technologies. My boss asked me to compile a feature list of all the main distributions on the market so that we can compare them with our own product. This was an easy task, I thought, and started searching the web for the information. To my surprise, I couldn't find any good and up-to-date Linux distribution comparison charts, so I had to do all the work myself by visiting each distribution's web site and extract all the data from their web pages. This took me several days. Once I collected the data, I decided to put them up on a web page so that those who might need such information can get it easily. The page proved very popular right from the start and I soon found myself flooded with email and suggestions. I registered the distrowatch.com domain shortly after that."
If interested, you can read the rest of the interview here (also available in Czech).
That's all for today. See you all next week!
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|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 730 (2017-09-18): Mageia 6, running a completely free OS, HAMMER2 file system in DragonFly BSD's installer, Manjaro to ship pre-installed on laptops|
|• Issue 729 (2017-09-11): Parabola GNU/Linux-libre, running Plex Media Server on a Raspberry Pi, Tails feature roadmap, a cross-platform ports build system|
|• Issue 728 (2017-09-04): Nitrux 1.0.2, SUSE creates new community repository, remote desktop tools for GNOME on Wayland, using Void source packages|
|• Issue 727 (2017-08-28): Cucumber Linux 1.0, using Flatpak vs Snap, GNOME previews Settings panel, SUSE reaffirms commitment to Btrfs|
|• Issue 726 (2017-08-21): Redcore Linux 1706, Solus adds Snap support, KaOS getting hardened kernel, rolling releases and BSD|
|• Issue 725 (2017-08-14): openSUSE 42.3, Debian considers Flatpak for backports, changes coming to Ubuntu 17.10, the state of gaming on Linux|
|• Issue 724 (2017-08-07): SwagArch 2017.06, Myths about Unity, Mir and Ubuntu Touch, Manjaro OpenRC becomes its own distro, Debian debates future of live ISOs|
|• Issue 723 (2017-07-31): UBOS 11, transferring packages between systems, Ubuntu MATE's HUD, GNUstep releases first update in seven years|
|• Issue 722 (2017-07-24): Calculate Linux 17.6, logging sudo usage, Remix OS discontinued, interview with Chris Lamb, Debian 9.1 released|
|• Issue 721 (2017-07-17): Fedora 26, finding source based distributions, installing DragonFly BSD using Orca, Yunit packages ported to Ubuntu 16.04|
|• Issue 720 (2017-07-10): Peppermint OS 8, gathering system information with osquery, new features coming to openSUSE, Tails fixes networking bug|
|• Issue 719 (2017-07-03): Manjaro 17.0.2, tracking ISO files, Ubuntu MATE unveils new features, Qubes tests Admin API, Fedora's Atomic Host gets new life cycle|
|• Issue 718 (2017-06-26): Debian 9, support for older hardware, Debian updates live media, Ubuntu's new networking tool, openSUSE gains MP3 support|
|• Issue 717 (2017-06-19): SharkLinux, combining commands in the shell, Debian 9 flavours released, OpenBSD improving kernel security, UBports releases first OTA update|
|• Issue 716 (2017-06-12): Slackel 7.0, Ubuntu working with GNOME on HiDPI, openSUSE 42.3 using rolling development model, exploring kernel blobs|
|• Issue 715 (2017-06-05): Devuan 1.0.0, answering questions on systemd, Linux Mint plans 18.2 beta, Yunit/Unity 8 ported to Debian|
|• Issue 714 (2017-05-29): Void, enabling Wake-on-LAN, Solus packages KDE, Debian 9 release date, Ubuntu automated bug reports|
|• Issue 713 (2017-05-22): ROSA Fresh R9, Fedora's new networking features, FreeBSD's Quarterly Report, UBports opens app store, Parsix to shut down, SELinux overview|
|• Issue 712 (2017-05-15): NixOS 17.03, Alpha Litebook running elementary OS, Canonical considers going public, Solus improves Bluetooth support|
|• Issue 711 (2017-05-08): 4MLinux 21.0, checking file system fragmentation, new Mint and Haiku features, pfSense roadmap, OpenBSD offers first syspatch updates|
|• Issue 710 (2017-05-01): TrueOS 2017-02-22, Debian ported to RISC-V, Halium to unify mobile GNU/Linux, Anbox runs Android apps on GNU/Linux, using ZFS on the root file system|
|• Issue 709 (2017-04-24): Ubuntu 17.04, Korora testing new software manager, Ubuntu migrates to Wayland, running Nix package manager on alternative distributions|
|• Issue 708 (2017-04-17): Maui Linux 17.03, Snaps run on Fedora, Void adopts Flatpak, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Debian elects Project Leader|
|• Issue 707 (2017-04-10): PCLinuxOS 2017.03, Canonical stops Unity development, OpenBSD on a Raspberry Pi, setting up a VPN for privacy|
|• Issue 706 (2017-04-03): Super Grub2 Disk, Snap packages of deepin applications, Subgraph OS routes network traffic for one application, announcements from Linux Mint|
|• Issue 705 (2017-03-27): Minimal Linux Live, sharing control of the operating system, new KaOS features, Uplos32 provides 32-bit fork of PCLinuxOS|
|• Issue 704 (2017-03-20): ToarusOS 1.0.4, Linux Mint's security record, Debian starts Project Leader election, Ubuntu 12.04 reaches end-of-life|
|• Issue 703 (2017-03-13): SolydXK 201701, CloudReady, Solus announces new features, KDE Connect sends text messages from desktop, openSUSE's YaST module for Let's Encrypt|
|• Issue 702 (2017-03-06): Fatdog64 Linux, elementary OS bundled with new netbook, Haiku announces new features, security and the size of a distro's development team|
|• Issue 701 (2017-02-27): OBRevenge 2017.02, Mageia 6 delays, NetBSD reproducible builds, questions about swap space, trying to steam video on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 700 (2017-02-20): RaspBSD, Debian replaces Icedove with Thunderbird, Fedora's licensing guidlines, tips for switching shells, finding battery charge, getting IP address and killing processes|
|• Issue 699 (2017-02-13): Clear Linux, GhostBSD network utility ported to FreeBSD, Ubuntu coming to Fairphone, elementary OS crowd funding an app store|
|• Issue 698 (2017-02-06): Solus 2017.01.01, comparing containers with portable applicatins, Tails dropping 32-bit support, Debian Stretch enters freeze|
|• Issue 697 (2017-01-30): Subgraph OS 2016.12.30, running Ubuntu on an Android phone, Arch Linux phasing out 32-bit support, Linux Mint testing updated LMDE media|
|• Issue 696 (2017-01-23): GoboLinux 016, remotely running desktop applications, Solus adopting Flatpak, KDE neon using Calamares, TrueOS tests OpenRC|
|• Issue 695 (2017-01-16): Zorin OS 12, Peppermint team fixes installer bug, Debian refreshes Jessie media, Ubuntu improves low graphics mode, Exciting things coming in 2017|
|• Issue 694 (2017-01-09): MX Linux 16, Fedora considers systemd security features, DragonFly BSD to support massive swap space, Ubuntu Touch roadmap, Puppy's newsletter, sudo's password prompt|
|• Issue 693 (2017-01-02): Comparing small distros, fig language, video driver comparsion, Debian+PIXEL, Wayland on FreeBSD|
|• Issue 692 (2016-12-19): Bodhi Linux 4.0.0, Cappsule containers, Calculate's new Utilities package, Solus and Ubuntu MATE build new application menu|
|• Issue 691 (2016-12-12): SalentOS 1.0, openSUSE improves YaST, Fedora considers slower release cycle, KDE neon gets LTS branch|
|• Issue 690 (2016-12-05): Fedora 25, Ubuntu adopts rolling HWE kernel, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Haiku working toward EFI support|
|• Issue 689 (2016-11-28): openSUSE 42.2, Fedora's upgrade path, plans for Korora 25, transitioning from PC-BSD to TrueOS, Webconverger's reproducible builds|
|• Issue 688 (2016-11-21): Endless OS 3.0.5, KDE neon fixes security hole, FreeBSD's Quarterly Status Report, Rolling release trial #2 concludes|
|• Issue 687 (2016-11-14): NAS4Free 10.3.0.3, Fedora gains MP3 playback, budgie-remix becomes Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu flavours compared, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 686 (2016-11-07): FreeBSD 11.0, rolling release trial #2, Debian announces supported architectures, Simplicity switching to antiX base, farewell to Mythbuntu|
|• Issue 685 (2016-10-31): elementary OS 0.4, SUSE gains ARM support, Mint improves language support, Dirty COW explained, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 684 (2016-10-24): Ubuntu 16.10, Linux popularity in different markets, Fedora runs on Raspberry Pi, Ubuntu features live kernel patching|
|• Issue 683 (2016-10-17): Refracta 8.0, making packages for distributions, Alpine switches to LibreSSL, 386BSD website publishes classic code|
|• Issue 682 (2016-10-10): KDE neon 20160915, Android-x86 6.0, Fedora warns of update bug, HandyLinux drops English translation, LXQt benchmarks|
|• Issue 681 (2016-10-03): OpenBSD 6.0, DragonFly BSD to support LibreSSL in ports, systemd denial of service bug, upgraded Mintbox Mini|
|• Issue 680 (2016-09-26): Uruk GNU/Linux 1.0, blocking applications at the firewall, Lenovo controversy, Ubuntu running on the Nextcloud Box|
|• Issue 679 (2016-09-19): OpenMandriva 3.0, 32-bit vs 64-bit performance, openSUSE updates, KaOS unveils first run wizard|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Hikarunix ["hee-kah-roo-nix"] was a Linux live CD based on Damn Small Linux and dedicated to Go - a popular Asian strategy game. It was known as Baduk in Korea and Wei Qi in China where the game started somewhere between 3,000 and 4,000 years ago. Today it was played in nearly every country in the world and has even been played in space. This CD was designed especially for Go players of all levels. Whether you've been playing for decades or have never heard of the game until now, this CD was for you. Any machine that can boot to CD can boot to Hikarunix instead of the computer's regular operating system. Since it boots entirely in RAM and only borrows the peripherals, Hikarunix doesn't touch the host machine at all.