| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 54, 21 June 2004
Welcome to this year's 25th edition of DistroWatch Weekly. Last week wasn't a bad one in terms of interesting news with the unexpected release of SUSE LINUX 9.1 Personal ISO image for free download dominating the headlines of many news sites over the weekend.
SUSE LINUX and ISO images
The surprise release of SUSE LINUX 9.1 Personal edition in a form of an ISO image available for free download was greeted with a high approval rating by readers of various Linux news sites. Not only will this mean an easier way to install the popular German distribution, it will also likely increase SUSE's market share, which has always been lagging behind Red Hat/Fedora (on the corporate desktop and server) and behind Mandrakelinux on the home desktop. And while many would argue that, without server software and development tools, SUSE's Personal edition is too light for serious use, it can be easily upgraded to the Professional edition by installing additional software directly from SUSE's FTP servers and mirrors. Overall, this is a very good move by SUSE LINUX, a sign that the company's revenue generated through the traditional sales model has now been surpassed by more lucrative ways of maintaining profitability.
Linux and the Arab world
Open source software is highly addictive. The sheer amount of development communities being established in many parts of the world is truly mind-boggling - a clear evidence of the ever increasing popularity of Linux and Free Software. The Arabic-speaking world is no exception; if you've ever had a chance to check out Arabeyes.org, you would have noticed the enormous amount of work the Arabeyes.org community has done to bring Linux to the desktop of many of their fellow Arabs. The work does not concentrate on translation only, there is also a concerted effort to create a complete Arabic infrastructure, including right-to-left support for the console and applications, Arabic fonts, dictionaries, spellcheckers and printing.
One of the main contributors and driving forces behind Arabic Linux is Ossama Khayat from Kuwait. Ossama has been an avid contributor to DistroWatch.com and he is responsible for single-handedly translating many parts of this web site into Arabic. Below is an excerpt for a recently published interview with Ossama Khayat, a great example of how a young hobbyist was able to make a difference in propelling the "Arabisation" of Linux/UNIX forward. Ossama has played multiple roles on the translation front and is a landmark contributor with an impressive record of accomplishments:
"Arabeyes.org: What are Linux/open-source's major advantages, as far as you are concerned ?
Ossama Khayat: There's nothing to hide. No back-doors, hidden secrets, selfishness, control greed, patents... etc. It's all about sharing, participating, making a difference and giving back. The freedom and openness of these traits resulted in having massive amounts of participants from varying backgrounds, levels and nationalities. These people and these thoughts turned to be a perfect source for the advancement of Linux and Open Source in general. The unity aspects of Linux and Open Source just seem extraordinary to me."
The full interview is available in both Arabic and English.
On a related note, a new version of the Morphix-based Arabbix live CD is now under development; this is the screenshot of Arabbix 0.9-alpha1 released last week:
The first alpha of Arabbix 0.9 - notice the complete "Arabisation" of GNOME and OpenOffice.org.
(full image size 108kB)
|Released Last Week
YES Linux 2.0.9
YES Linux 2.0.9 has been released: "YES Corporation would like to announce the release of YES Linux 2.0.9 for immediate downloading. The major changes are: additions of postfix, postfix-postgresql, courier-imap, courier-postgresql, squirrelmail, cbq.init - bandwidth limiting; removal of apache-james, yes-mail; updates of Java, yes-kernel, modutils, mondo, mindi, awstats, phpPgAdmin." The complete announcement.
Buffalo Linux 1.3.0
Buffalo Linux 1.3.0 has been released: "Latest Buffalo Version 1.3.0, release date: 14 Jun 2004. This newest version includes IceWM-1.2.14, improved Buffalo Desktop, new CD/ISO upgrade option (from Buffalo Version 1.1.5 or later). A total of 57 package upgrades including: scribus-1.1.7, imagemagick-6.0, mysql-4.0.20, opera-7.51, and many more." All details can be found in the changelog.
ADIOS Linux 3.10
This is a new bugfix release of ADIOS Linux 3 series: "Version 3.10 was released today and has a small fix for Mozilla to support email and chat. Version 4.0 has had some problems with SELinux but a prerelease will be available Friday 18 June." Read the distribution's news page for more information.
DeLi Linux 0.6
A new version of DeLi Linux has been released: "Deli Linux 0.6 is out. We have now an easy-to-use menu driven installation, Kernel 2.2.26 and lot of other things. See Changelog for changes in the base package. An ISO image is available. We have now a package list, where you can see exactly which version of which program we have in each package." The full announcement can be found on the distribution's home page.
White Box Enterprise Linux 3.0 Respin 1
White Box Enterprise Linux 3.0 Respin 1 is now available via BitTorrent or FTP. "New and improved features include all errata released by Red Hat through May 31, 2004, and x86_64 moves from an outside contributed port to an officially supported platform on an equal footing with i386. The problem with up2date and mirrors has been solved, and support for third party package repositories has been improved. The rhn-applet has been fully ported for this release and added to the default install." For more details you can read the announcement.
Metadistro Pequelin 0.6
The Metadistro Pequelin project has released Pequelin version 0.6. Metadistro Pequelin is a Knoppix-based Spanish Linux distribution designed for children, juveniles, and educational use, with its primary objective being ease-of-use. Besides functioning as a live CD, the distribution can also be installed on hard disk. Read the release announcement and other information about the project on the distribution's home page (Spanish only).
SAM Mini-Live-CD 0.2
SAM Mini-Live-CD is a bootable mini CD containing a full desktop system in German and English languages, including programs like AbiWord, Gnumeric, GIMP, full Mozilla suite, multimedia applications, games and the complete Mandrake Control Centre. SAM is based on Mandrakelinux and build with the help of mklivecd-scripts. The desktop is XFce with a nice touch of MacOS-X. The web site of SAM Mini-Live-CD is in German only, but its user forums are bi-lingual (German and English). Also check out the screenshots to get an idea what the distribution's desktop looks like.
Navyn OS 2004.06
This is the first stable release of Navyn OS, a Gentoo-based Linux live CD with Fluxbox as its default desktop environment, kernel 2.6 and XFree86 4.4.0. From the changelog: "A lot of changes. Added AbiWord, Opera, ADSL support and neostrada, support for ISA soundcards and WIFI cards. Ideal for wardriving, with kismet, airsnort, p0f, amap, vmap, hping, thcrut. New sniffers: ethereal and ettercap. Fixed MPlayer fonts, now launching from menu with GUI by default; new scripts for configuring XFree86, works fine with LCD now; you can install on hard drive without Internet connection, GRUB is on CD...". The full changelog, download links and other information about the project can be found on the distribution's home page.
Munjoy Linux 0.5.5
A new version of Munjoy Linux is out: "Munjoy Linux 0.5.5 released. This release includes the proprietary NVIDIA drivers, UI theme and icon improvements, a new apt repository, and various other fixes. See the changelog and roadmap for full details or go directly to the download page.".
tinysofa enterprise server 1.0 Update 2
This is the second update to tinysofa enterprise server 1.0: "tinysofa enterprise server 1.0-U2 is now generally available. Update 2 features security updates, bug fixes and application enhancements. This release moves the 1.0 branch of tinysofa enterprise server into a maintenance state; i.e., a security update and bug fix only cycle.". Read the announcement on the distribution's home page.
It took more than three years, but it is here, finally. Skolelinux 1.0 has been released: "Today, Debian-based Skolelinux reached v1.0 representing a milestone in the project. Behind the release are more than houndred developers, who have worked hard in the last three years. Skolelinux v1.0 is the first stable version, after more than three years of development. 47 test candidates and 3 prereleases have been released, and more than 93 Norwegian schools have registered as test schools with a surge the last few months. Skolelinux is a preconfigured network solution based on the Linux distribution Debian tailored for schools' needs and resources.". Read the full announcement for additional details.
The Sorcerer project has released a new Install/Rescue disk, version 20040620: "This new Install/Rescue disk is surgically clean and precise. It's smaller than the previous one because it contains only one Linux source version 2.6.7. Do you remember traditional device names? This release features a udev populated /dev mounted on ramfs. Since devfs is being deprecated from the Linux 2.6 kernel we are moving back to the old naming system. Its build system is powered by a 3rd generation, bug fixed, speed enhanced sorcery release name Sol. Second only to yourself it will be the light and warmth that brings life to your Sorcerer boxes.". The full announcement.
Development and unannounced releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
MandrakeSoft has published an estimated development and release schedule for the next release of Mandrakelinux, version 10.1. The beta testing period will kick off on 1 July with 3 beta releases and 2 release candidates. Mandrakelinux 10.1 Community Edition is scheduled to be released on 20 August, with the Official Edition following on 15 September. For updated information, please visit the Mandrakelinux Wiki. Just remember that this schedule is just a rough estimate - the original release schedule of Mandrakelinux 10.0 was not strictly adhered to.
AL-AMLUG Live CD 0.5
The Arch Linux-based AL-AMLUG live CD project has announced a soon-to-be-released new version 0.5, with some other changes affecting the project's focus: "The new AL-AMLUG version 0.5 is in process. There is a plan to change its purpose to act more as a demo CD instead of a workstation disk. It will still function as a rescue CD, HD installer and testing Linux compatible hardwares. Some office and multimedia packages, MySQL and PHP will be removed to give place for desktops and WMs." The full story.
|Web Site News
Mozilla overtakes MSIE
Here is an interesting indication of how open source software is starting to take over many aspects of our daily computing. Back in the early days of DistroWatch 3 years ago, the browser share of visitors browsing DistroWatch.com was heavily in favour of Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE) with nearly 60% of all visitors using a version of that browser. Mozilla (including all Gecko-based browsers, such as Netscape 6 and 7, Galeon, etc) constituted about 26% of the browsers. Unfortunately for MSIE, it was all downhill from the Microsoft browser. Last week, for the first time ever, Mozilla has overtaken MSIE as the most popular browser used by visitors browsing DistroWatch!
As always, these statistics are subject to many variables, such as having the correct browser string presenting itself to the Apache web server and other factors, but the trend is very clear: more and more users are switching away from MSIE and using one of the open source browsers, be it Mozilla itself, or one of the browsers using Mozilla's browser engine, such as Firefox, Galeon or Epiphany.
You can see the latest browser statistics on this page. Mozilla, with 34% share, has a marginal lead of just over 1% over MSIE, which is now used by less than one third of DistroWatch visitors. Other Mozilla-based browsers are tracked separately, so if we had to add them to the Mozilla total, its lead would increase by another 2 - 3 %. Opera is the third most popular browser with a nearly 5% browser share, followed by Konqueror, which has 3.7% browser share.
As for the operating systems used to access this site, we don't have any aggregate data over a longer period, but a quick check of a random 100 recent visitors indicates that 38 of them accessed the site from within Linux, 2 from Mac OS X and the remaining visitors were Windows users (44% Windows XP, 13% Windows 2000).
New distribution additions
- SAM Mini-Live-CD. SAM Mini-Live-CD is a bootable mini CD containing a full desktop system in German and English languages, including programs like AbiWord, Gnumeric, GIMP, full Mozilla suite, multimedia programs, games and the complete Mandrake Control Centre. SAM is based on Mandrakelinux and build with the help of mklivecd-scripts. The desktop is XFce with a nice touch of MacOS-X.
- Hiweed Linux. Hiweed Linux is a Chinese desktop Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux. It includes preconfigured Chinese applications, such as fcitx, stardict, zhcon, ttf-simsun, etc.
- Asianux. Asianux is a Linux server operating system which is co-developed by Chinese Leading Linux vendor Red Flag Software Co., Ltd. and Japanese Linux vendor Miracle Linux Cooperation, aiming at the common-standard enterprise Linux platform for Enterprise systems in Asia. It provides enterprise customers with high reliability, scalability, manageability and better hardware and software compatibility. Asianux certification partner program will invite more hardware and software products to be certified on Asianux, and it will definitely help to reduce developing and certificating resources and provide Linux with high quality and low cost. Red Flag Software and Miracle will distribute and market Asianux without any modifications in each Linux distribution package in China and Japan. New products will be based on Asianux and each will be bundled with localised features in each country.
Asianux 1.0 - catering for Windows refugees
(full image size 333kB)
New on the waiting list
DistroWatch database summary
- ParallelKnoppix. ParallelKnoppix is a variant of the Knoppix CD that adds the ability to create an MPI-enabled cluster in about 15 minutes. Both the LAM/MPI and MPICH implementations are supported. This might be useful to people who would like to explore parallel computing, or to people who already use parallel computing, but would like to have a "portable cluster".
- Peoples Linux. Peoples Linux is a new desktop Linux distribution made in India. It is currently under development.
- Thinstation. Thinstation is a Linux distribution that enables you to convert standard PCs into full-featured diskless thin clients supporting all major connectivity protocols like Citrix ICA, MS Windows terminal services (RDP), X, Telnet, SSH... It can be booted from the network using Etherboot/PXE or from standard media like floppy/CD/hd/flash-disk etc. The configuration can be centralised to simplify terminal management.
- Number of Linux distributions in the database: 309
- Number of BSD distributions in the database: 7
- Number of discontinued distributions: 32
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 81
From Windows to Linux without any removable media
Marc Herbert writes:
Hilux Debian Installer
George Christian Birzan writes:
"I would like to bring to your attention a Debian Woody installer we've created, trying to overcome many of our main gripes about the stock one. It contains a 2.4.26 kernel, XFS, ReiserFS, LVM, RAID support and a more 'friendly' shell during the installation. It's listed on linuxmafia.com
and on Slashdot
. Its website is here
and we thought it would help awareness if it would be mentioned on your site."
That's all for this week, see you all next Monday :-)
If you've enjoyed this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly, please consider sending us a tip.
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|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 726 (2017-08-21): Redcore Linux 1706, Solus adds Snap support, KaOS getting hardened kernel, rolling releases and BSD|
|• Issue 725 (2017-08-14): openSUSE 42.3, Debian considers Flatpak for backports, changes coming to Ubuntu 17.10, the state of gaming on Linux|
|• Issue 724 (2017-08-07): SwagArch 2017.06, Myths about Unity, Mir and Ubuntu Touch, Manjaro OpenRC becomes its own distro, Debian debates future of live ISOs|
|• Issue 723 (2017-07-31): UBOS 11, transferring packages between systems, Ubuntu MATE's HUD, GNUstep releases first update in seven years|
|• Issue 722 (2017-07-24): Calculate Linux 17.6, logging sudo usage, Remix OS discontinued, interview with Chris Lamb, Debian 9.1 released|
|• Issue 721 (2017-07-17): Fedora 26, finding source based distributions, installing DragonFly BSD using Orca, Yunit packages ported to Ubuntu 16.04|
|• Issue 720 (2017-07-10): Peppermint OS 8, gathering system information with osquery, new features coming to openSUSE, Tails fixes networking bug|
|• Issue 719 (2017-07-03): Manjaro 17.0.2, tracking ISO files, Ubuntu MATE unveils new features, Qubes tests Admin API, Fedora's Atomic Host gets new life cycle|
|• Issue 718 (2017-06-26): Debian 9, support for older hardware, Debian updates live media, Ubuntu's new networking tool, openSUSE gains MP3 support|
|• Issue 717 (2017-06-19): SharkLinux, combining commands in the shell, Debian 9 flavours released, OpenBSD improving kernel security, UBports releases first OTA update|
|• Issue 716 (2017-06-12): Slackel 7.0, Ubuntu working with GNOME on HiDPI, openSUSE 42.3 using rolling development model, exploring kernel blobs|
|• Issue 715 (2017-06-05): Devuan 1.0.0, answering questions on systemd, Linux Mint plans 18.2 beta, Yunit/Unity 8 ported to Debian|
|• Issue 714 (2017-05-29): Void, enabling Wake-on-LAN, Solus packages KDE, Debian 9 release date, Ubuntu automated bug reports|
|• Issue 713 (2017-05-22): ROSA Fresh R9, Fedora's new networking features, FreeBSD's Quarterly Report, UBports opens app store, Parsix to shut down, SELinux overview|
|• Issue 712 (2017-05-15): NixOS 17.03, Alpha Litebook running elementary OS, Canonical considers going public, Solus improves Bluetooth support|
|• Issue 711 (2017-05-08): 4MLinux 21.0, checking file system fragmentation, new Mint and Haiku features, pfSense roadmap, OpenBSD offers first syspatch updates|
|• Issue 710 (2017-05-01): TrueOS 2017-02-22, Debian ported to RISC-V, Halium to unify mobile GNU/Linux, Anbox runs Android apps on GNU/Linux, using ZFS on the root file system|
|• Issue 709 (2017-04-24): Ubuntu 17.04, Korora testing new software manager, Ubuntu migrates to Wayland, running Nix package manager on alternative distributions|
|• Issue 708 (2017-04-17): Maui Linux 17.03, Snaps run on Fedora, Void adopts Flatpak, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Debian elects Project Leader|
|• Issue 707 (2017-04-10): PCLinuxOS 2017.03, Canonical stops Unity development, OpenBSD on a Raspberry Pi, setting up a VPN for privacy|
|• Issue 706 (2017-04-03): Super Grub2 Disk, Snap packages of deepin applications, Subgraph OS routes network traffic for one application, announcements from Linux Mint|
|• Issue 705 (2017-03-27): Minimal Linux Live, sharing control of the operating system, new KaOS features, Uplos32 provides 32-bit fork of PCLinuxOS|
|• Issue 704 (2017-03-20): ToarusOS 1.0.4, Linux Mint's security record, Debian starts Project Leader election, Ubuntu 12.04 reaches end-of-life|
|• Issue 703 (2017-03-13): SolydXK 201701, CloudReady, Solus announces new features, KDE Connect sends text messages from desktop, openSUSE's YaST module for Let's Encrypt|
|• Issue 702 (2017-03-06): Fatdog64 Linux, elementary OS bundled with new netbook, Haiku announces new features, security and the size of a distro's development team|
|• Issue 701 (2017-02-27): OBRevenge 2017.02, Mageia 6 delays, NetBSD reproducible builds, questions about swap space, trying to steam video on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 700 (2017-02-20): RaspBSD, Debian replaces Icedove with Thunderbird, Fedora's licensing guidlines, tips for switching shells, finding battery charge, getting IP address and killing processes|
|• Issue 699 (2017-02-13): Clear Linux, GhostBSD network utility ported to FreeBSD, Ubuntu coming to Fairphone, elementary OS crowd funding an app store|
|• Issue 698 (2017-02-06): Solus 2017.01.01, comparing containers with portable applicatins, Tails dropping 32-bit support, Debian Stretch enters freeze|
|• Issue 697 (2017-01-30): Subgraph OS 2016.12.30, running Ubuntu on an Android phone, Arch Linux phasing out 32-bit support, Linux Mint testing updated LMDE media|
|• Issue 696 (2017-01-23): GoboLinux 016, remotely running desktop applications, Solus adopting Flatpak, KDE neon using Calamares, TrueOS tests OpenRC|
|• Issue 695 (2017-01-16): Zorin OS 12, Peppermint team fixes installer bug, Debian refreshes Jessie media, Ubuntu improves low graphics mode, Exciting things coming in 2017|
|• Issue 694 (2017-01-09): MX Linux 16, Fedora considers systemd security features, DragonFly BSD to support massive swap space, Ubuntu Touch roadmap, Puppy's newsletter, sudo's password prompt|
|• Issue 693 (2017-01-02): Comparing small distros, fig language, video driver comparsion, Debian+PIXEL, Wayland on FreeBSD|
|• Issue 692 (2016-12-19): Bodhi Linux 4.0.0, Cappsule containers, Calculate's new Utilities package, Solus and Ubuntu MATE build new application menu|
|• Issue 691 (2016-12-12): SalentOS 1.0, openSUSE improves YaST, Fedora considers slower release cycle, KDE neon gets LTS branch|
|• Issue 690 (2016-12-05): Fedora 25, Ubuntu adopts rolling HWE kernel, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Haiku working toward EFI support|
|• Issue 689 (2016-11-28): openSUSE 42.2, Fedora's upgrade path, plans for Korora 25, transitioning from PC-BSD to TrueOS, Webconverger's reproducible builds|
|• Issue 688 (2016-11-21): Endless OS 3.0.5, KDE neon fixes security hole, FreeBSD's Quarterly Status Report, Rolling release trial #2 concludes|
|• Issue 687 (2016-11-14): NAS4Free 10.3.0.3, Fedora gains MP3 playback, budgie-remix becomes Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu flavours compared, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 686 (2016-11-07): FreeBSD 11.0, rolling release trial #2, Debian announces supported architectures, Simplicity switching to antiX base, farewell to Mythbuntu|
|• Issue 685 (2016-10-31): elementary OS 0.4, SUSE gains ARM support, Mint improves language support, Dirty COW explained, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 684 (2016-10-24): Ubuntu 16.10, Linux popularity in different markets, Fedora runs on Raspberry Pi, Ubuntu features live kernel patching|
|• Issue 683 (2016-10-17): Refracta 8.0, making packages for distributions, Alpine switches to LibreSSL, 386BSD website publishes classic code|
|• Issue 682 (2016-10-10): KDE neon 20160915, Android-x86 6.0, Fedora warns of update bug, HandyLinux drops English translation, LXQt benchmarks|
|• Issue 681 (2016-10-03): OpenBSD 6.0, DragonFly BSD to support LibreSSL in ports, systemd denial of service bug, upgraded Mintbox Mini|
|• Issue 680 (2016-09-26): Uruk GNU/Linux 1.0, blocking applications at the firewall, Lenovo controversy, Ubuntu running on the Nextcloud Box|
|• Issue 679 (2016-09-19): OpenMandriva 3.0, 32-bit vs 64-bit performance, openSUSE updates, KaOS unveils first run wizard|
|• Issue 678 (2016-09-12): Apricity 07.2016, Mageia adopts DNF, KDE neon to use Wayland, FreeBSD updates Linux compatibility, creating cron jobs|
|• Issue 677 (2016-09-05): Peppermint OS 7, Manjaro updates leadership, TrueOS becomes rolling release, organizing files, creating torrents|
|• Issue 676 (2016-08-29): Korora 24, Fedora 25 to use Wayland by default, Linux turns 25, PC-BSD becomes TrueOS, finding software licensing information|
|• Issue 675 (2016-08-22): Gentoo LiveDVD "Choice Edition", moreutils, Ubuntu improves terminal convergence, MATE packaged for Openindiana, FreeBSD improves video support|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Slavix was an operating system based on Debian, KNOPPIX and Morphix. Its purpose was to make it easy for anyone to switch to GNU/Linux and start using free (as in freedom) software. Slavix was oriented towards a home computer user. It was a live CD system so it was possible to run it CD-ROM without having to install anything to a hard drive. All you need to do was burn the Slavix image file to a CD, put it in your CD-ROM and reboot. It will start up, auto configure itself and in about 3 - 5 minutes it's ready to use. Slavix will not touch your hard drive or mess with you data. A hard disk installer was included and it was fairly easy to use.