| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 48, 10 May 2004
Welcome to this year's 19th edition of DistroWatch Weekly. Its content has been somewhat reduced due to the fact that the layout of DistroWatch has undergone some changes, and some of the existing content needed to be migrated to the new layout. Nevertheless, we have a new Knoppix release from early this morning, 7 new distributions on the waiting list and an article about a user's experiences with source-based Linux distributions. Enjoy!
Source-based Linux distributions from a beginner's perspective
(contributed by Arvan Reese)
I recently decided to build a Linux installation from scratch. I am not a programmer or a professional writer. I am however, very enthused with Linux and want to offer my experiences to other non-programmers in the hope that it will inspire or invite them to take the plunge from Windows to Linux. I also hope that my comments will be read by programmers, to see opportunities for themselves to make their Linux creations more available to non-programmers.
To preface this article, I want to say that I don't believe that any one distro is better, worse, good or bad. I really know very little about Linux and this story should be proof of that. So, to the programmers that read about my mistakes with their creations, please don't be offended.
Why did I want to compile from source?
I've been using PC's since 1989. I used MS DOS, Win 3.11, Win 95/NT4.0/XP. Back with DOS and Win 3.11, I grew used to constantly tweaking the system files and memory settings in order to install a new program. I think that experience actually gave me the perseverance to dive into the OS repeatedly. A trait that is really helpful in Linux. Or, as my spouse says - I like messing with things and I'm a control freak. No need to comment further on that subject.
I started using Linux about 15 months ago. I built a working PC from the scraps of three discarded PCs I found when walking the dog. I named this PC 'the frankenputer' because I created life from the parts of dead PCs. I thought that if I had a free PC, I might as well try a free OS. So...Linux it was.
I used Mandrake for almost one year. I loved how easily it installed. However, my NVIDIA GeForce2 MX400 didn't work as well in Linux as it did in Windows XP. (Note to beginners - create a dual-boot system! It was extremely helpful for getting drivers, .iso images to burn and access to the User Forums to get questions answered. Don't cut your umbilical cord to e-mail, web surfing and games. You may need to blow off some steam in Castle Wolfenstein.) Mandrake is great, but I couldn't get the graphics to perform as quickly. Yes, I do know that the NVIDIA drivers are a 'challenge'. Still, I have what I have and I want what I want. Also, with Mandrake I noticed that while installing programs from source, Mandrake sometimes had locations for files that differed slightly from the source code's expectations.
Then, I jumped into Slackware. I chose it because Red Hat's package management was similar to Mandrake and because I wanted to learn a little more about how Linux works. I also heard that Slackware is very UNIX-like and that intrigued me. I got along with Slackware pretty well and had better luck compiling programs. Still, I didn't get the video performance that I wanted. I also ran into some of the same installation problems when compiling from source. I had been reading about getting the best performance by using a source-based distro for months and decided to take the plunge. Actually, I had heard about source-based distros from this web site early on in my Linux adventure. I even tried Lunar, Source Mage, Sorcerer and Gentoo in my first month. However, as a beginner I was in way over my head! My knowledge gap was too big and installing from the prompt or ncurses was too scary.
How did I prepare?
As I said, I had a dual boot. I downloaded a free program for Windows called the Belarc Advisor. I used it to verify my hardware. I printed the manuals for all my hardware, MB, graphics card, NIC, Monitor, HDDs, etc.
I backed up my e-mail and saved files on a separate drive and configured my e-mail program to leave mail on the POP server of my Internet provider. Then, I printed the installation documents for the distro that I would use, punched them into a 3-ring binder.
I also gave myself two mental tools. First, I set a goal of success in 30 days. This is good practice because most CD-ROM installations (Mandrake, Slackware, Windows, etc.) all happen pretty quickly. Compiling is slow and if someone like me is doing it, it goes REAL slow! I make many mistakes and there's a lot that I don't know about Linux. Which leads to my second gift to myself - I gave myself permission to make lots of mistakes. The files were saved, e-mail and addresses wouldn't be lost, so all I needed to do was keep at it and be patient. Expect the process to take a long time - longer than you think.
Remember, none of my experiences and challenges are distro based. They're me based. What I know and really - what I don't know are the main factors in how things turned out.
I started with Lunar Linux 1.4.0. After a few stops and starts inside the installation, I was able to boot into the Lunar Linux. The installation instructions were OK. I definitely recommend access to the user forum for this one. I started the basic lin process (lin perl, lin moonbase, lin lunar, lunar update) but I couldn't get GNOME to compile completely. There were some broken dependencies with Gconf. I spent a couple of days on the forum looking for help and decided to try something else. I did learn something that I found helpful and a little more familiar. I installed and configured XFree86, my mouse and then installed XFce4 and Mozilla. These both compile pretty easily and allowed me to surf the user forums without having to reboot into Windows. I used this technique on every install afterward and suggest it to everyone when compiling a source-based distro. I felt that if I knew a little more about Linux, then I would have been fine with this distro.
I went to Source Mage 0.9.2. I had a few botched installs and then got a bootable Linux. However, I ran into trouble getting my NVIDIA drivers to work. The NVIDIA program was looking for kernel headers and the CD-ROM kernel didn't install them on my HDD. I checked the forum for this problem and there was a bug open, but I didn't know how to work the solution. There was also a broken depend on hdparm. I had some more trouble with GNOME compiles being incomplete. There was one 'spell' that needed an extra line break at the end of the file for it to compile correctly. I got GNOME up, but getting OpenOffice.org to install was real hard. After about a week, I moved on. Once again, my lack of Linux skill hampered me. The installation instructions are nearly identical to Lunar. In fact, by reading the two of them, I was able to get further along with both installations. I did manage to get the nifty little audio program to work and every time I successfully compiled something, Captain Kirk told me how happy he was. That broke up the install monotony and made me laugh every time. Still, I wanted more.
My third stop for compiling from scratch was Gentoo 2004.0. Their installation document was DETAILED!!! It covered everything. I got frustrated when I installed everything exactly as they mentioned - but I couldn't boot into Linux. I did it over and over until I found the problem - Gentoo uses Grub as a bootloader and I was dual-booting with my Linux partitions on the second hard drive. Only by researching Grub did I find that it only wants to be on the first hard drive. This detail wasn't in the Gentoo installation documents. (I hope that they put it in for rookies like me.) I reinstalled, this time with Lilo and voila! I was in Linux. Gentoo has other documents for Desktop configuration, printing, ALSA and more. I do recommend reading the documents on Portage, USE=options, rc-update, ALSA and more. I made a mistake that forced me (from knowing any alternative) to rebuild. However, since I learned the Lilo vs. Grub trick, it has been smooth sailing. I have installed GNOME, KDE, AfterStep, XFce, Xsane, Evolution, Mozilla, Setiapplet, GIMP - all without fail.
My graphics are faster. I'm still playing with AGP options to see where I'm most satisfied. I've got some games programs to install, but Gentoo has a forum devoted to games, so I am sure that I'll be OK. My choice is Gentoo because I got it to work. I really wanted Source Mage and Lunar to work, but I just needed a little more help at install. Gentoo provided that and, outside of the Grub issue, I will bet that anyone who follows the Gentoo instructions will be able to get a Gentoo Linux up and running. I'm really happy with the results.
I feel a great sense of accomplishment by compiling my own Linux, from source, just the way I want it. I learned more about Linux and I haven't booted into Windows in 3 months.
New bug-infested distro eases transition from Windows to Linux
Humorix reports about an innovative new Linux distribution called "Notdows", by Pee-aitch-bee Enterprises:
A key component of Notdows is the killrandom daemon process, which randomly kills running processes, faithfully simulating the Windows experience. Over time, however, killrandom will operate less frequently, allowing the user to smoothly transition to a stable operating system.
"Ordinary distros built by geeks are designed to be as stable as possible," said a Pee-aitch-bee developer/manager. "This does not work well for some naive ex-Windows users, who become disoriented and lost in such a foreign environment. While recent versions of Windows are more stable than predecessors, the difference between Windows and Linux can still be quite jarring. We hope to ween these users away from Windows' flakiness without causing unnecessary emotional duress."
More details about this exciting new project can be found on this page.
|Released Last Week
Mandrakelinux 10.0 for AMD64
The AMD64 port of Mandrakelinux 10.0 has been announced and released: "Mandrakesoft today announced the availability of Mandrakelinux 10.0 Official for the AMD64 platform (Athlon64 and Opteron). Mandrakelinux 10.0 for AMD64 delivers all the features and robustness of Mandrakelinux 10.0 Official to the 64-bit platform from AMD, with an average performance gain of 20% compared to the IA32 version." Read the complete press release and visit the product's features page to get the full details. Mandrakelinux 10.0 for AMD64 processors can be ordered from Mandrakestore for US$129.90.
Sun Java Desktop System 2
Sun Microsystems has announced the release of Sun Java Desktop System 2: "Today, Sun releases Java Desktop System, Release 2, the next version of Sun's affordable, comprehensive, and secure enterprise-class desktop solution. More cost-effective than Windows, the Java Desktop System is a enterprise desktop solution that works with your existing infrastructure. The fully integrated desktop solution ships with a client desktop, including an office productivity suite, email, calendar, browser, instant messaging tools, and more. It also includes developer and system management tools for remote administration in a single package." See the press release, the product pages and the release notes for further information. Sun Java Desktop System 2 is available for purchase at $100 USD per desktop per year, or $50 USD per employee per year if purchased for all employees.
Astaro Security Linux V5
This is the first stable release of Astaro Security Linux V5, officially numbered as 5.005: "Astaro is pleased to announce the availability of the Astaro Security Linux V5 General Availability Release. Astaro Security Linux V5 includes two major new capabilities - Intrusion Protection and Virus Protection for the Web - as well as many enhancements that improve security, management, and scalability. Key features of this latest release include: Intrusion Protection; Virus Protection for the Web (HTTP traffic); transparent POP3 spam protection; improvements to WebAdmin for even greater ease of use and flexibility; enhanced reporting, with pre-defined metrics and automated report generation..." The full release announcement.
YES Linux 2.0.6
YES Linux is a Red Hat-based distribution with the goal to enable a Mom and Pop Store (MaPs) to quickly and easily build an internet presence. Version 2.0.6 has been released: "YES Corporation would like the announce the immediate availability of YES Linux. YES Linux represents the first public release of YES Linux, the next generation of YES Server. All current development is focused on getting YES Linux to feature complete status." Read the rest of the release announcement and visit the distribution's web site to find out more about the product.
An updated release of Knoppix 3.4 is now available: "V3.4-2004-05-10 (small updates). Removed some SCSI modules from the regular knoppix26 (Kernel 2.6) startup because they are unstable, use 'expert26' to load them; added script for generating bootfloppies in Knoppix 'Utilities' menu; harddisk installer update from Fabian Franz; 'knoppix splash' fixes; timezone and language setting add-ons; added linlinc1 for captive-ntfs for download capabilities; changed some e100/eepro100 network driver entries in hardware detection; the usual Debian package updates." The full changelog.
The much awaited Knoppix 3.4 is out!
(full image size 461kB)
Development and unannounced releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
SUSE LINUX 9.1 FTP Edition
Several readers have emailed about the updated message on the SUSE FTP server indicating that the freely downloadable FTP edition of SUSE LINUX 9.1 will be available on 4 June 2004: "This tree contains the source RPM packages for the SUSE LINUX 9.1 distribution. The SUSE LINUX 9.1 ftp version will be published on June 4th in this directory."
Source Mage GNU/Linux 1.0
Eric Sandall, the lead developer of the Source Mage GNU/Linux distribution, has posted a roadmap leading towards stable version 1.0: "I have a rough Roadmap written and would like some comments. I'm planning on adding a list of the bugs needed to be fixed for the 1.0 release, but if others would also like to pitch in, post here and we'll talk about it. ;) You'll note that I haven't done any post-1.0 lists on there as I'd like to get 1.0's Roadmap up first." The details are available here.
|Web Site News
Web site layout changes
Based on our recent discussion in this forum, the DistroWatch web site has been given a makeover. The changes are largely cosmetic; some less important content has been removed from the top of the pages, thus reducing the site's title and navigation bar into a more compact entity on the top of each page. This should satisfy those users who previously complained that they had to scroll down to see the site's main content.
The migration to the new layout has uncovered some less than ideal design faults of the existing content, which will take a few days to fix. I have tested the layout extensively in the latest versions of Opera, Mozilla, Firefox, Galeon and Konqueror, but if you use a different browser, or find bugs, please report them. As always, you are welcome to comment, and even express criticism on the site's new layout and colour scheme, or suggest any other ideas that would make DistroWatch.com a pleasant site to visit and navigate.
A new policy regarding release announcements
It is happening with an increased regularity - maintainers and developers of several distributions have acquired a habit of submitting a release announcement of their products to DistroWatch, without publishing the announcement on their own web sites. To prevent any misunderstandings whether a distribution "release" is official or not, a new announcement policy comes into effect on DistroWatch immediately. From now on, a distribution release will not be announced on DistroWatch unless a release announcement (or at the very least a changelog) is also published on the distribution's own web site. The announcement doesn't have to be in English, but it should include a basic list of new features, and it should give a clear indication about the availability of the new product, or a new version of the product.
New on the waiting list
- m0n0wall. m0n0wall is a project aimed at creating a complete, embedded firewall software package that, when used together with an embedded PC, provides all the important features of commercial firewall boxes (including ease of use) at a fraction of the price (free software). m0n0wall is based on a bare-bones version of FreeBSD, along with a web server (thttpd), PHP and a few other utilities. The entire system configuration is stored in one single XML text file to keep things transparent. m0n0wall is probably the first UNIX system that has its boot-time configuration done with PHP, rather than the usual shell scripts, and that has the entire system configuration stored in XML format.
DistroWatch database summary
- CalyptOS Linux. CalyptOS Linux is one of the newest and most original Linux distributions around. We've built it from the ground up and have customised it to be the perfect solution not only for the desktop user, but also for the business workstation. Package installation is as easy as a few clicks (see our screenshots), uninstallation is as simple as deleting the folder. The desktop environment is lightweight, yet feature filled. Instead of using GNOME or KDE like most distros, we've taken and modified the best pieces out of many desktop managers. You get the best of the best.
- Knorpora. Knorpora is a modified version of the Knoppix 3.3 Live CD for students of corpus-based computational linguistics. Like Knoppix, the Knorpora CD allows you to run a fully operational Debian/Linux operating system from the CD-ROM drive, without installing anything on the computer. The Knorpora edition of Knoppix contains programs and data files that should be of interest to computational linguistics students (WordNet, the Natural Language Toolkit, taggers, etc.)
- Buhawi Linux. Buhawi (Filipino for tornado) is a compact Linux distribution optimally designed for network servers. It uses a concise file system hierarchy and lean, fast, text-based configuration tools. Buhawi was developed mainly because of the tendency of many other Linux distributions to put more emphasis on desktop systems and less on servers, for which Linux has already been proven to be an ideal operating system.
- Honeywall CDROM. The Honeywall CDROM combines all the tools and requirements of a Honeynet gateway on a (hopefully) easy to use, bootable CDROM. The intent is to make honeynets easier to deploy and customise. You simply boot off the CDROM, configure it based on your environment, and you should have a Honeywall gateway ready to go. The CDROM supports several configuration methods, including an interactive menu and .iso customisation scripts. The CDROM is an appliance, based on a minimised and secured Linux OS.
- Pebble Linux. Pebble Linux is a smallish (smaller than 64MB, larger than 8MB) distro image designed for embedded style devices such as the Soekris boards, or a Stylstic 1000. It is based off of Debian GNU/Linux. It runs on many different types of systems, such as old 486 machines, mini-itx boards, or the $199 machine down at Frys.
- N-iX Desktop Linux. N-iX Desktop Linux is the best solution for all who use Novell NetWare as the server operating system as well as for those who want to setup Linux workstations for small organisations and enterprise customer use. With N-iX Desktop Linux you get all software needed for efficient work and you get it for free. Our distribution includes OpenOffice, Mozilla browser, Gaim and licq messengers, GIMP graphic editor, windows terminal server client, etc. ....
- GNOX. GNOX is a Slackware-based Linux operating system with Dropline GNOME 2.6, bootable from a mini CD.
- Number of Linux distributions in the database: 287
- Number of BSD distributions in the database: 6
- Number of discontinued distributions: 33
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 78
OpenBSD first impressions
RS has sent in his first impressions after installing OpenBSD:
"Hi, I installed OpenBSD 3.4 on my laptop. I have just a few first impressions that you might find interesting.
I decided to install to the laptop because the OpenBSD fdisk program is really scary and it's easy to wipe out a partition you want to keep. Since there was nothing important on the laptop, that didn't matter. One thing that makes it scary is that it doesn't tell you anything about what is on the hard disk already, plus it displays sizes by the number of blocks (at least that's what I think it does) rather than human-readable form (like megabytes or gigabytes). Anyway, I managed to get it to work.
One good thing it does (like FreeBSD 5.x) - it detects the PCMCIA network card without a hitch. I've had trouble with Linux distros getting the card to be recognised.
A disadvantage is configuring X. Like FreeBSD, it uses xf86cfg and xf86config, both of which are rather primitive. I have not been able to get X working with either BSD on this laptop, but that's not such a big deal.
A big issue right now - ethernet file transfer speeds are slow. I'm not sure why - with both Linux and FreeBSD on that laptop, it was very fast.
The version of OpenBSD that I have came with a magazine on a single CD, so it's not complete. It doesn't include Bash, for example, but I found that I could take already downloaded *.tgz files from /usr/ports/distfiles on my FreeBSD partition and use those. Most of the time, it works, and I was able to install Bash. Emacs was not included - the only editor is vi (yuch), but from FreeBSD ports I copied 'zile' which is an Emacs-lite editor and it mostly works OK.
One thing that is really good are the man pages. They are superior to those in Linux and FreeBSD - all man pages should be this clear!
So far, overall impression is good except that I'm concerned about this slow ethernet. After all, this is a network operating system, so performance is a big issue. I will subscribe to the OpenBSD mailing list today and see what I can find out."
One more on BSD nomenclature
KK has this to say about last week's discussion on naming BSDs:
"Here's my opinion on how you should (not?) call the several BSD systems.
You say, 'to differentiate between Linux distributions and the BSD projects, we need a common term referring to all of the BSD projects', but using the term "distribution" would not fit that cause at all: you would be throwing BSDs and Linuxes together. The 'distribution' term, as you (and we) are using it nowadays, is strongly Linux-biased. You should not force Linuxisms on BSD, since it would seem to BSDers that either you don't pay the same respect to BSD as to Linux (since you refuse to use BSD terms for Linux issues), or that you might not have understood what differentiates Linux from BSD... :/
Therefore, I would humbly suggest that you should pay a little more attention to the BSD users, because it's them who will have to live with your labelling. (In particular, you might agree to me that 'Berkeley Software Distribution Distribution Release' does not sound too smart. ;)) Don't anger the BSD users, or you might be putting their acceptance of your project at risk. Considering a term 'old-fashioned' or 'in different use today' just because it was invented 25 years ago is ill-advised: would you call Unix(-Clones) old-fashioned?
Please rethink your Linux-biased perspective. Open Source is not all about Linux, and with your inclusion of the BSDs as 'something like Linux, but not quite' you won't be doing anyone a favor.
Another risk is that Linux newbies will be shocked to find that that spiffy new "BSD distributions" does not have things like modprobe or such. ;)"
I hope you enjoyed this edition of DistroWatch Weekly and see you all next Monday :-)
If you've enjoyed this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly, please consider sending us a tip.
(Tips this week: 0, value: US$0.00)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 730 (2017-09-18): Mageia 6, running a completely free OS, HAMMER2 file system in DragonFly BSD's installer, Manjaro to ship pre-installed on laptops|
|• Issue 729 (2017-09-11): Parabola GNU/Linux-libre, running Plex Media Server on a Raspberry Pi, Tails feature roadmap, a cross-platform ports build system|
|• Issue 728 (2017-09-04): Nitrux 1.0.2, SUSE creates new community repository, remote desktop tools for GNOME on Wayland, using Void source packages|
|• Issue 727 (2017-08-28): Cucumber Linux 1.0, using Flatpak vs Snap, GNOME previews Settings panel, SUSE reaffirms commitment to Btrfs|
|• Issue 726 (2017-08-21): Redcore Linux 1706, Solus adds Snap support, KaOS getting hardened kernel, rolling releases and BSD|
|• Issue 725 (2017-08-14): openSUSE 42.3, Debian considers Flatpak for backports, changes coming to Ubuntu 17.10, the state of gaming on Linux|
|• Issue 724 (2017-08-07): SwagArch 2017.06, Myths about Unity, Mir and Ubuntu Touch, Manjaro OpenRC becomes its own distro, Debian debates future of live ISOs|
|• Issue 723 (2017-07-31): UBOS 11, transferring packages between systems, Ubuntu MATE's HUD, GNUstep releases first update in seven years|
|• Issue 722 (2017-07-24): Calculate Linux 17.6, logging sudo usage, Remix OS discontinued, interview with Chris Lamb, Debian 9.1 released|
|• Issue 721 (2017-07-17): Fedora 26, finding source based distributions, installing DragonFly BSD using Orca, Yunit packages ported to Ubuntu 16.04|
|• Issue 720 (2017-07-10): Peppermint OS 8, gathering system information with osquery, new features coming to openSUSE, Tails fixes networking bug|
|• Issue 719 (2017-07-03): Manjaro 17.0.2, tracking ISO files, Ubuntu MATE unveils new features, Qubes tests Admin API, Fedora's Atomic Host gets new life cycle|
|• Issue 718 (2017-06-26): Debian 9, support for older hardware, Debian updates live media, Ubuntu's new networking tool, openSUSE gains MP3 support|
|• Issue 717 (2017-06-19): SharkLinux, combining commands in the shell, Debian 9 flavours released, OpenBSD improving kernel security, UBports releases first OTA update|
|• Issue 716 (2017-06-12): Slackel 7.0, Ubuntu working with GNOME on HiDPI, openSUSE 42.3 using rolling development model, exploring kernel blobs|
|• Issue 715 (2017-06-05): Devuan 1.0.0, answering questions on systemd, Linux Mint plans 18.2 beta, Yunit/Unity 8 ported to Debian|
|• Issue 714 (2017-05-29): Void, enabling Wake-on-LAN, Solus packages KDE, Debian 9 release date, Ubuntu automated bug reports|
|• Issue 713 (2017-05-22): ROSA Fresh R9, Fedora's new networking features, FreeBSD's Quarterly Report, UBports opens app store, Parsix to shut down, SELinux overview|
|• Issue 712 (2017-05-15): NixOS 17.03, Alpha Litebook running elementary OS, Canonical considers going public, Solus improves Bluetooth support|
|• Issue 711 (2017-05-08): 4MLinux 21.0, checking file system fragmentation, new Mint and Haiku features, pfSense roadmap, OpenBSD offers first syspatch updates|
|• Issue 710 (2017-05-01): TrueOS 2017-02-22, Debian ported to RISC-V, Halium to unify mobile GNU/Linux, Anbox runs Android apps on GNU/Linux, using ZFS on the root file system|
|• Issue 709 (2017-04-24): Ubuntu 17.04, Korora testing new software manager, Ubuntu migrates to Wayland, running Nix package manager on alternative distributions|
|• Issue 708 (2017-04-17): Maui Linux 17.03, Snaps run on Fedora, Void adopts Flatpak, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Debian elects Project Leader|
|• Issue 707 (2017-04-10): PCLinuxOS 2017.03, Canonical stops Unity development, OpenBSD on a Raspberry Pi, setting up a VPN for privacy|
|• Issue 706 (2017-04-03): Super Grub2 Disk, Snap packages of deepin applications, Subgraph OS routes network traffic for one application, announcements from Linux Mint|
|• Issue 705 (2017-03-27): Minimal Linux Live, sharing control of the operating system, new KaOS features, Uplos32 provides 32-bit fork of PCLinuxOS|
|• Issue 704 (2017-03-20): ToarusOS 1.0.4, Linux Mint's security record, Debian starts Project Leader election, Ubuntu 12.04 reaches end-of-life|
|• Issue 703 (2017-03-13): SolydXK 201701, CloudReady, Solus announces new features, KDE Connect sends text messages from desktop, openSUSE's YaST module for Let's Encrypt|
|• Issue 702 (2017-03-06): Fatdog64 Linux, elementary OS bundled with new netbook, Haiku announces new features, security and the size of a distro's development team|
|• Issue 701 (2017-02-27): OBRevenge 2017.02, Mageia 6 delays, NetBSD reproducible builds, questions about swap space, trying to steam video on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 700 (2017-02-20): RaspBSD, Debian replaces Icedove with Thunderbird, Fedora's licensing guidlines, tips for switching shells, finding battery charge, getting IP address and killing processes|
|• Issue 699 (2017-02-13): Clear Linux, GhostBSD network utility ported to FreeBSD, Ubuntu coming to Fairphone, elementary OS crowd funding an app store|
|• Issue 698 (2017-02-06): Solus 2017.01.01, comparing containers with portable applicatins, Tails dropping 32-bit support, Debian Stretch enters freeze|
|• Issue 697 (2017-01-30): Subgraph OS 2016.12.30, running Ubuntu on an Android phone, Arch Linux phasing out 32-bit support, Linux Mint testing updated LMDE media|
|• Issue 696 (2017-01-23): GoboLinux 016, remotely running desktop applications, Solus adopting Flatpak, KDE neon using Calamares, TrueOS tests OpenRC|
|• Issue 695 (2017-01-16): Zorin OS 12, Peppermint team fixes installer bug, Debian refreshes Jessie media, Ubuntu improves low graphics mode, Exciting things coming in 2017|
|• Issue 694 (2017-01-09): MX Linux 16, Fedora considers systemd security features, DragonFly BSD to support massive swap space, Ubuntu Touch roadmap, Puppy's newsletter, sudo's password prompt|
|• Issue 693 (2017-01-02): Comparing small distros, fig language, video driver comparsion, Debian+PIXEL, Wayland on FreeBSD|
|• Issue 692 (2016-12-19): Bodhi Linux 4.0.0, Cappsule containers, Calculate's new Utilities package, Solus and Ubuntu MATE build new application menu|
|• Issue 691 (2016-12-12): SalentOS 1.0, openSUSE improves YaST, Fedora considers slower release cycle, KDE neon gets LTS branch|
|• Issue 690 (2016-12-05): Fedora 25, Ubuntu adopts rolling HWE kernel, running Android apps on GNU/Linux, Haiku working toward EFI support|
|• Issue 689 (2016-11-28): openSUSE 42.2, Fedora's upgrade path, plans for Korora 25, transitioning from PC-BSD to TrueOS, Webconverger's reproducible builds|
|• Issue 688 (2016-11-21): Endless OS 3.0.5, KDE neon fixes security hole, FreeBSD's Quarterly Status Report, Rolling release trial #2 concludes|
|• Issue 687 (2016-11-14): NAS4Free 10.3.0.3, Fedora gains MP3 playback, budgie-remix becomes Ubuntu Budgie, Ubuntu flavours compared, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 686 (2016-11-07): FreeBSD 11.0, rolling release trial #2, Debian announces supported architectures, Simplicity switching to antiX base, farewell to Mythbuntu|
|• Issue 685 (2016-10-31): elementary OS 0.4, SUSE gains ARM support, Mint improves language support, Dirty COW explained, Rolling release trial #2|
|• Issue 684 (2016-10-24): Ubuntu 16.10, Linux popularity in different markets, Fedora runs on Raspberry Pi, Ubuntu features live kernel patching|
|• Issue 683 (2016-10-17): Refracta 8.0, making packages for distributions, Alpine switches to LibreSSL, 386BSD website publishes classic code|
|• Issue 682 (2016-10-10): KDE neon 20160915, Android-x86 6.0, Fedora warns of update bug, HandyLinux drops English translation, LXQt benchmarks|
|• Issue 681 (2016-10-03): OpenBSD 6.0, DragonFly BSD to support LibreSSL in ports, systemd denial of service bug, upgraded Mintbox Mini|
|• Issue 680 (2016-09-26): Uruk GNU/Linux 1.0, blocking applications at the firewall, Lenovo controversy, Ubuntu running on the Nextcloud Box|
|• Issue 679 (2016-09-19): OpenMandriva 3.0, 32-bit vs 64-bit performance, openSUSE updates, KaOS unveils first run wizard|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
KnoSciences was a Knoppix-based bootable CD with a collection of GNU/Linux software, automatic hardware detection, and support for many graphics cards, sound cards, SCSI and USB devices and other peripherals. It was designed for use in educational institutions.