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DistroWatch.com: Debian

Debian

Last Update: 2017-03-25 06:20 UTC


The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system is called Debian. Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel. Linux is a completely free piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 50,000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) - all of it free. It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian -- carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.

Popularity (hits per day): 12 months: 2 (1,788), 6 months: 2 (1,840), 3 months: 2 (1,997), 4 weeks: 3 (1,987), 1 week: 3 (1,953)

Average visitor rating: 9.35/10 from 20 review(s).


Debian Summary
Distribution Debian (formerly Debian GNU/Linux)
Home Page http://www.debian.org/
Mailing Lists http://lists.debian.org/
User Forums http://forums.debian.net/
Alternative User Forums LinuxQuestions.org
Documentation http://www.debian.org/doc/
Debianizzati (Italian)
Screenshots http://screenshots.debian.net/LinuxQuestions.orgDistroWatch Gallery
Screencasts LinuxQuestions.org
Download Mirrors http://www.debian.org/distrib/ftplist
Debian on CD
Bug Tracker http://bugs.debian.org/
Related Websites debianHELPDebianHelp.co.ukDebian-AdministrationBits from DebianPlanet DebianAbout DebianDebian WikiDebian AdminDebian BackportsDebuntuDebian BrazilDebian Czech RepublicDebian Czech RepublicDebian FranceDebian FranceDebian Hong KongDebian ItalyDebian ItalyDebian JapanDebian Portugal
Reviews 8.0: Everyday Linux UserPro-Linux (German) • DistroWatchHeise (German)
7.0: Pro-Linux (German) • ZDNetDistroWatchBlogspot
6.0: Everyday Linux UserLinux UserOS NewsPro-Linux (German) • DistroWatcheWEEKHeise Open (German)
5.0: DedoimedoIT ReviewsIt's A Binary WorldAdventures in Open SourceeWEEKLinuxBSDosSourceForge (Japanese) • DeviceGuruDatamationThe RegisterHeise Open (German)
4.0: SymsysLinuxoid (Russian) • Free Software MagazineLinuxsoft (Czech) • Techno Wizah
3.1: Linux DevCenterLinux.com
3.0: Linux.comServerWatchDistroWatch
Where To Buy OSDisc.com (sponsored link)

Recent Related News and Releases
  Releases, download links and checksums:
 • 2015-04-26: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 8.0
 • 2013-05-05: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 7.0
 • 2011-02-06: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 6.0
 • 2009-02-15: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0
 • 2009-02-01: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 RC2
 • 2008-11-13: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 RC1
 • 2008-10-24: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r5
 • 2008-08-27: Development Release: Debian Live 5.0 Beta 1
 • 2008-07-27: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r4
 • 2008-06-09: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 Beta 2
 • 2008-02-17: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r3
 • 2007-12-29: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 3.1r7
 • More Debian releases...

  Headlines:
 •2017-03-15 Debian packages Android SDK
 •2017-03-13 Debian's Project Leader election
 •2017-02-15 Debian migrating Icedove to Thunderbird
 •2017-02-05 Debian Stretch enters freeze
 •2017-01-15 Debian 8.7 released
 •2016-12-23 Debian considers automatic updates
 •2016-11-14 Debian merging /usr
 •2016-10-31 Debian 9's supported CPUs
 •2016-10-22 Debian to support Secure Boot
 •2016-09-28 Debian says good-bye to Kristoffer Rose
 • More Debian headlines...

Table Notes and Explanations

(Please refer to the table below.)
  • Select view:
  • To compare the software in this project to the software available in other distributions, please see our Compare Packages page.
  • Notes: In case where multiple versions of a package are shipped with a distribution, only the default version appears in the table. For indication about the GNOME version, please check the "nautilus" and "gnome-shell" packages. The Apache web server is listed as "httpd" and the Linux kernel is listed as "linux". The KDE desktop is represented by the "kdelibs" and "plasma-desktop" packages and the Xfce desktop by the "xfdesktop" package.
  • Colour scheme: green text = latest stable version, red text = development or beta version. The function determining beta versions is not 100% reliable due to a wide variety of versioning schemes.

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Feature unstable
sid
testing
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Feature
Release Date 2017-03-25 2017-03-25 2015-04-26 2013-05-04 2011-02-06 2009-02-15 2007-04-08 2005-06-06 2002-07-19 2000-08-15 1999-03-09 1998-07-23 1997-06-05 1996-12-12 1996-06-17 Release Date
End Of Life     2020-05 2018-05 2016-02                     End Of Life
Price (US$) Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Price (US$)
CDs -- -- -- 10 DVDs 8 DVDs 33 21 14 7 4 4 2       CDs
Free Download ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO Free Download
Installation Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Installation
Default Desktop GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME         Default Desktop
Package Management DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB Package Management
Office Suite Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o KOffice -- -- -- -- -- -- Office Suite
Processor Architecture amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mipsel, powerpc, ppc64el, s390x amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mipsel, powerpc, ppc64el, s390x amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mipsel, powerpc, ppc64el, s390x amd64, armel, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390x, sparc amd64, armel, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc amd64, alpha, arm, armel, hppa, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc amd64, alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, powerpc, s390, sparc alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, powerpc, s390, sparc             Processor Architecture
Journaled File Systems Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, ReiserFS             Journaled File Systems
Multilingual Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Multilingual
Asian Language Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw Asian Language Support
Full Package List unstable testing 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.1 3.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.1 Full Package List
Package unstable
sid
testing
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Package
abiword (3.0.2) 3.0.2 3.0.2 3.0.0 2.9.2 2.8.2 2.6.4 2.4.6 2.2.7 1.0.2 0.7.7 -- -- -- -- -- abiword (3.0.2)
alsa-lib (1.1.3) 1.1.3 1.1.3 1.0.28 1.0.25 1.0.23 1.0.16 1.0.13 1.0.8 0.9.0beta12 0.4.1e 0.1.1 -- -- -- -- alsa-lib (1.1.3)
ati-driver (16.40) -- -- 14.301.1001 8.980 8.771 8.12 8.28.8 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ati-driver (16.40)
bash (4.4) 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.2 3.1 2.05b 2.05a 2.03 -- -- 2.0 1.14.7 1.14.6 bash (4.4)
bind (9.11.0-P3) 9.10.3 9.10.3 9.9.5 9.8.4-P1 9.7.2-P3 9.5.1 9.3.4 9.2.4 8.3.3 8.2.2-P7 8.1.2 8.1.2 4.9.7 4.9.4-P1 4.9.3-P1 bind (9.11.0-P3)
chromium (57.0.2987.110) 57.0.2987.98 57.0.2987.98 41.0.2272.118 26.0.1410.43 6.0.472.63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- chromium (57.0.2987.110)
cups (2.2.2) 2.2.1 2.2.1 1.7.5 1.5.3 1.4.4 1.3.8 1.2.7 1.1.23 1.1.14 1.0.4 -- -- -- -- -- cups (2.2.2)
dhcp (4.3.5) 4.3.5 4.3.5 4.3.1 4.2.2 4.1.1-P1 3.1.1 3.0.4 3.0.1 2.0pl5 2.0pl4 1.0.2 1.0.2 -- -- -- dhcp (4.3.5)
e2fsprogs (1.43.4) 1.43.4 1.43.4 1.42.12 1.42.5 1.41.12 1.41.3 1.39 1.37 1.27 1.18 -- -- 1.10 1.06 1.02 e2fsprogs (1.43.4)
firefox (52.0.1) 52.0.1 45.8.0 31.6.0 10.0.12 3.5.16 3.0.6 2.0.0.3 1.0.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- firefox (52.0.1)
freetype (2.7.1) 2.6.3 2.6.3 2.5.2 2.4.9 2.4.2 2.3.7 2.2.1 2.1.7 1.4pre 1.3.1 1.2 1.0 0.3 -- -- freetype (2.7.1)
gcc (6.3.0) 6.3.0 6.3.0 4.9.2 4.7.2 4.4.5 4.3.2 4.1.1 3.3.5 2.95.4 2.95.2 2.7.2.3 2.7.2.3 2.7.2.1 -- 2.7.2 gcc (6.3.0)
gimp (2.8.20) 2.8.20 2.8.18 2.8.14 2.8.2 2.6.10 2.4.7 2.2.13 2.2.6 1.2.3 1.0.4 1.0.2 1.0.0 0.54.1 -- 0.54.1 gimp (2.8.20)
glibc (2.25) 2.24 2.24 2.19 2.13 2.11.2 2.7 2.3.6 2.3.2 2.2.5 2.1.3 2.0.7 2.0.7t 1.92 1.92 -- glibc (2.25)
gnome-shell (3.24.0) 3.22.3 3.22.3 3.14.2 3.4.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- gnome-shell (3.24.0)
gnucash (2.6.15) 2.6.15 2.6.15 2.6.4 2.4.10 2.2.9 2.2.6 2.0.5 1.8.10 1.6.6 1.3.4 -- -- -- -- -- gnucash (2.6.15)
gnumeric (1.12.34) 1.12.32 1.12.32 1.12.18 1.10.17 1.10.8 1.8.3 1.6.3 1.4.3 1.0.8 0.47 0.3 -- -- -- -- gnumeric (1.12.34)
grub (2.00) 2.02beta3 2.02beta3 2.02beta2 1.99 1.98 0.97 0.97 0.95 0.91 0.5.93.1 -- -- -- -- -- grub (2.00)
gtk+ (3.22.11) 3.22.11 3.22.9 3.14.5 3.4.2 2.20.1 2.12.11 2.8.20 2.6.4 2.0.2 1.0.6 1.0.6 1.0.4 -- -- -- gtk+ (3.22.11)
httpd (2.4.25) 2.4.25 2.4.25 2.4.10 2.2.22 2.2.16 2.2.9 2.2.3 2.0.54 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- httpd (2.4.25)
inkscape (0.92.1) 0.92.1 0.92.1 0.48.5 0.48.3.1 0.47.0 0.46 0.44.1 0.41 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- inkscape (0.92.1)
k3b (2.0.3a) 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.2 2.0.2 2.0.1 1.0.5 0.12.17 0.11.20 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- k3b (2.0.3a)
kmod (24) 24 23 18 9 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- kmod (24)
libgnome (2.32.1) 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.30.0 2.20.1.1 2.16.0 2.8.1 1.4.1.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- libgnome (2.32.1)
libreoffice (5.3.1) 5.2.6 5.2.5 4.3.3 3.5.4 3.2.1 2.4.1 2.0.4 1.1.3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- libreoffice (5.3.1)
linux (4.10.5) 4.9 4.9 3.16.7 3.2.41 2.6.32 2.6.26 2.6.18 2.4.27 2.2.20 2.2.16 2.0.36 2.0.34 2.0.29 2.0.27 2.0.0 linux (4.10.5)
Package unstable
sid
testing
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Package
lxde-common (0.99.2) 0.99.2 0.99.2 0.99.0 0.5.5 0.5.0 0.3.2.1svn -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- lxde-common (0.99.2)
mariadb (10.1.22) 10.1.22 10.1.21 10.0.16 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- mariadb (10.1.22)
mate-desktop (1.18.0) 1.16.1 1.16.1 1.8.1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- mate-desktop (1.18.0)
mesa (17.0.2) 13.0.6 13.0.5 10.3.2 8.0.5 7.7.1 7.0.3 6.5.1 4.3.0 4.2.1 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.2.7 mesa (17.0.2)
mysql (5.7.17) 5.7.17 -- 5.5.43 5.5.30 5.1.49 5.0.51a 5.0.32 4.0.24 3.23.49 3.22.32 3.21.33b 3.21.31 -- -- -- mysql (5.7.17)
nautilus (3.24.0) 3.22.3 3.22.3 3.14.1 3.4.2 2.30.1 2.20.0 2.14.3 2.8.2 1.0.6 -- -- -- -- -- -- nautilus (3.24.0)
NVIDIA (378.13) 375.39 375.39 340.65 304.88 195.36.31 173.14.09 1.0-8776 1.0-7174 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- NVIDIA (378.13)
openbox (3.6.1) 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.5.2 3.5.0 3.4.11.1 3.4.7.2 3.3 3.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- openbox (3.6.1)
openjdk (8u121) 8u121 8u121 7u75 7u3 6b18 6b11 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- openjdk (8u121)
openssh (7.5p1) 7.4p1 7.4p1 6.7p1 6.0p1 5.5p1 5.1p1 4.3p2 3.8.1p1 3.4p1 1.2.3 1.2 -- -- -- -- openssh (7.5p1)
openssl (1.1.0e) 1.1.0e 1.1.0e 1.0.1k 1.0.1e 0.9.8o 0.9.8g 0.9.8c 0.9.7e 0.9.6c -- -- -- -- -- -- openssl (1.1.0e)
perl (5.24.1) 5.24.1 5.24.1 5.20.2 5.14.2 5.10.1 5.10.0 5.8.8 5.8.4 5.6.1 5.4.5 5.4.4 5.4.4 5.3.7 5.3.7 5.2 perl (5.24.1)
php (7.1.3) 7.0 7.0 5.6.7 5.4.4 5.3.3 5.2.6 5.2.0 4.3.10 4.1.2 4.0.3pl1 3.0.5 3.0 2.0b10 -- -- php (7.1.3)
plasma-desktop (5.9.4) 5.8.4 5.8.4 4.11.13 4.8.4 4.4.5 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- plasma-desktop (5.9.4)
postfix (3.2.0) 3.1.4 3.1.4 2.11.3 2.9.6 2.7.1 2.5.5 2.3.8 2.1.5 1.1.11 19991231 -- -- -- -- -- postfix (3.2.0)
postgresql (9.6.2) 9.6 9.6 9.4.1 9.1.9 8.4.5 8.3.6 8.1.8 7.4.7 7.2.1 6.5.3 6.3.2 6.3.2 -- -- -- postgresql (9.6.2)
Python (3.6.1) 2.7.13 2.7.13 2.7.9 2.7.3 2.6.6 2.5.2 2.4.4 2.3.5 2.1.3 1.5.2 1.5.1 1.5.1 1.4.0 1.4.0 1.3 Python (3.6.1)
qt (5.8.0) 5.7.1 5.7.1 4.8.6 4.8.2 4.6.3 3.3.8b 3.3.7 3.3.4 2.3.1 1.45 1.40 1.33 1.2 -- -- qt (5.8.0)
samba (4.6.1) 4.5.6 4.5.6 4.1.17 3.6.6 3.5.6 3.2.5 3.0.24 3.0.14a 2.2.3a 2.0.7 2.0.5a 1.9.18p8 1.9.17p2 1.9.16p9 1.9.15p4 samba (4.6.1)
systemd (233) 232 232 215 44 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- systemd (233)
thunderbird (45.8.0) 45.8.0 45.6.0 31.6.0 10.0.12 3.0.11 2.0.0.19 1.5.0.10 1.0.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- thunderbird (45.8.0)
vim (8.0) 8.0 8.0 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.6 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.5 3.0 vim (8.0)
vlc (2.2.4) 2.2.5 2.2.4 2.2.0rc2 2.0.3 1.1.3 0.8.6h 0.8.6 0.8.1 0.2.92 -- -- -- -- -- -- vlc (2.2.4)
xfdesktop (4.12.3) 4.12.3 4.12.3 4.10.2 4.8.3 4.6.2 4.4.2 4.3.99.2 4.0.5 3.8.16 -- -- -- -- -- -- xfdesktop (4.12.3)
xorg-server (1.19.3) 1.19.3 1.19.2 1.16.4 1.12.4 1.7.7 1.4.2 1.1.1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- xorg-server (1.19.3)

Reader Ratings
Reader supplied reviews for Debian

Average rating
9.4
from 20 review(s)



What are your thoughts on Debian? Please include a few pros and a few cons, along with your overall impression of the operating system.

Version:

Rating:    out of 10

Comments (maximum 2,048 characters):



Past reviews - sort by:

Version: 8.0
Rating: 8
Date: 2017-02-07
Votes: 13


PROS:
- Very stable
- Mostly just works
- Relatively easy to install
- Base for many other distros including whole *buntu family. Though lot of them use unstable testing branch and not stable release.
- Many developers/maintainers/community members and thus many packages/applications
- Enforces (mostly) open source against closed source drivers/software

CONS:
- Very outdated packages compared to majority of other distros (but properly patched for security). If you have cutting edge hardware, there is a good chance something will not be supported well due to stale kernel/drivers/packages/configuration.
- Weird configurations/mix of packages in default repositories
- Not too pretty (though bearable) installer/UI
- Not a rolling release

WHO IS IT FOR (stable release):
If you care only about stability more than you do about features or look and have not too modern hardware, Debian may be perfect fit for you, otherwise I would settle with some of the other free options.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: testing
Rating: 9
Date: 2017-01-21
Votes: 1


My favorite OS. Incredibly huge repositories, the "new" apt is much easier to use than the apt suite even though it's not as powerful yet. Simple, easy installer but one of the best, I've had a lot of hardware that causes issues with other installers but Debians just does it's thing and installs. Great hardware compatibility, I've only found a few machines I was never able to get this to work adequately for my tastes on (and I couldn't get any other linux-based OS to work on them either).


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 8.0
Rating: 9
Date: 2017-01-23
Votes: 0


Even though debian is a good disro,I'm not recommending it for new users.Linux mint or ubuntu might be better for you.

*you need to go to command line for upgrading to new versions.
*many launchpad ppas are incompatible.


Was this review helpful? Yes No

See all 20 reader reviews of Debian...


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