| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 168, 11 September 2006
Welcome to this year's 37th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! With many of the major distributions in the final stages of their development work, this is possibly the most exciting period of the year. It shouldn't be long before the new versions from Slackware and Mandriva are released, with Fedora, openSUSE and Debian following shortly. Mandriva Linux 2007 is now starting to look really good, while Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "etch" is shaping up to be a real breakthrough for the largest Linux distribution project. Fedora Core is also getting a complete makeover - at least in the look and feel department. This issue is devoted to all the upcoming new releases, with further news covering the availability of KDE 4 packages for Kubuntu, a new major version of GParted LiveCD, and an interesting interview with the developers of PC-BSD. In our latest book review, we'll take a quick look at Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks by Rickfort Grant. Happy reading!
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Praise for "etch", GParted LiveCD, Red Hat vs Novell, PC-BSD interview
As happen this time every year, the Linux world is starting to heat up after a brief respite during the Northern hemisphere summer season. We've had a new Gentoo Linux 2006.1 release recently, with Slackware Linux 11.0 coming out any time now. GNOME 2.16, announced last week, is likely to give a new impetus to many more distributions - the first release candidate of Mandriva Linux 2007 already includes the latest version, while both Fedora Core 6 Test3 and Ubuntu Knot CD 3, both of which are due later this week, will also ship with the latest version of the popular desktop. openSUSE 10.2 too will enter a beta stage in a few weeks and Debian GNU/Linux 4.0, with its scheduled December release, is not too far away either. In other words, the excitement of another round of major distribution releases is here. As always, we'll bring you the news in a timely fashion so don't forget to visit us regularly over the next few months as we cover all the happenings in the world of Linux distributions!
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How good will be the upcoming release of Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "etch"? If you believe Joey Schulze, one of the most prominent Debian developers, then "etch" is not ready for release: "I'm scared by Debian etch. It'll probably become the worst Debian release ever. It's going to hurt our reputation." Luckily, the above assertion turns out to be a joke: "After plugging the cable into the USB slot, an icon appeared on the screen and after clicked caused the system to mount the first partition on the external disk. It worked. Out of the box. Without tweaking anything. That's so non-Debian..." A pre-configured scroll wheel on a USB mouse further puzzled the well-known Debian personality who concludes his weblog entry with: "Where are the hours of fiddling around how to properly add USB stuff to the system? Where are the evenings you needed to debug such stuff? Nowadays it just works? Where's the Debian we all knew?" Is Ubuntu getting some serious competition from its older brother? We should find out before the end of this year....
On a related note, the Debian Project announced last week that it had forked cdrtools, a popular command line CD/DVD burning applications written by Jörg Schilling. As noted in the announcement, parts of cdrtools are now released under a CDDL license from Sun Microsystems, which is incompatible with the General Public License (GPL) and thus illegal under the terms of GPL. As a result, a new tool, called cdrkit, will be introduced into the Debian unstable tree shortly and this is also the package that will ship with the next stable release of Debian GNU/Linux. Ubuntu and other Debian-based distributions have yet to comment on the issue, but it is likely that they will also adopt the Debian fork of cdrtools in the future.
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Mandriva Linux 2007 is starting to look good. After several disappointing alphas and betas, the first release candidate of the upcoming new release hit the download mirrors just before the weekend and those of you who tried it probably had a positive first impression. The installer did not change much since version 2006, but the new theme and icon set give the desktop a refreshing look. As indicated in an earlier press release, Mandriva has now integrated the new 3D desktop features with AIGLX and Xgl/Compiz into its distribution and even created a module for configuring them in Mandriva Control Centre. This is the first distribution release with such a feature. Besides that, it's all about package upgrades - the product's newest release candidate ships with the Linux kernel 2.6.17, X.Org 7.1, KDE 3.5.4 and GNOME 2.16. As has now become standard, Mandriva 2007 is provided both as a traditional installation CD set or DVD and a set of installable live CDs containing either GNOME or KDE. The final version is scheduled to ship before the end of September.
Mandriva Linux 2007 RC1 has a new look and feel.
(full image size: 577kB, resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
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This week will also bring the third and final test release of Fedora Core 6. Although the distribution's feature set will be frozen at the same time (only critical bug fixes will be provided from that point on), the visual appearance of the new release is likely to undergo substantial changes prior to the final release. Red Hat's Diana Fong gives us a preview of what the new Fedora desktop will look like on the surface. Following strong criticism from some quarters of the "bubbly" theme in Fedora Core 5, the new artwork is likely to please even the most demanding Linux desktop audience!
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As we reported earlier, a major new version of GParted LiveCD was released last week. What we did not report (and what seems to have been missed by many other Linux news sites) was the fact that the CD is now based on GParted 0.3 and that means full support for moving partitions! Yes, it's a fact, GParted is the first partitioning utility that makes it possible to move all supported file systems, even to the beginning of a hard disk: "This release includes one of the most exiting features since the first release - we finally have full move support! Although it should be considered a bit experimental, our tests worked out perfectly and we didn't see any errors so far." Find more details in the release notes. If you haven't yet included this gem into your toolkit of essential CDs then this news surely gives a powerful reason to do so!
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Eager to start testing the upcoming KDE 4? If so, it's now possible with the new KDE 4 Kubuntu packages, released last week: "The first development snapshot of KDE 4, codenamed Krash, has been released and packages are available for Kubuntu Edgy." It is relatively straightforward to install these packages alongside KDE 3.5.4 on a current development version of Kubuntu, although the release announcement also warns that Krash is intended for developers only (after all, it's called "Krash" for a reason). Experienced Linux users and other adventurous souls can find complete installation instructions in this release announcement.
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Following the release of the first beta of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 last week, the competition between the two most prominent Linux solution providers, Red Hat and Novell, is likely to heat up over the next few months. But what exactly are the differences between the two? If you or your organisation is interested in enterprise Linux, you might want to check out this article by Computerworld. In it, Neil Alister argues that the two companies have very different approaches towards the market: "New Novell’s success depends on engaging the market, getting its message out to customers, winning developer support and building community -- and it knows it. It may not be the market leader today, but it wants to go where its customers lead it." Red Hat, on the other hand, is a market leader, a position it is well aware of: "Increasingly, however, Red Hat is aware of the fact that it is The One and Only Red Hat. Red Hat is holding the cards, and the customers will come to Red Hat." An interesting opinion, especially if you follow the "big boys" Linux scene.
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KDE.News has published an interview with Kris Moore, the founder of PC-BSD. What is the most important feature of the project that has transformed the geeky and hard-to-use FreeBSD into a beginner-friendly desktop operating system? Kris Moore: "Our operating system is targeted at folks who like the stability and security that UNIX and open source have to offer, but don't wish to learn new methods of software installation or system management from their traditional OS. By developing the PBI system, which keeps software programs separate from the core OS, we have been able to fulfill this important need. Now a user no longer has to worry about dependency issues, or waste the time compiling software from source, or troubleshooting it when things go wrong." Read the rest of the interview here.
|Book review: Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks
Book review: Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks
Rickfort Grant is fast becoming one of the most prominent writers of books designed for novice Linux users. And for a good reason. His Linux For Non-Geeks and Linux Made Easy have turned out to be easy-to-follow, project-oriented manuals for Fedora Core and Xandros Desktop. His latest work to help potential Linux users to get started with an alternative operating system is the 334-page Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks, published by No Starch Press earlier this year.
As the title of the book suggests, it is devoted to the current star among the Linux distributions - the ever more popular Ubuntu. It is accompanied by a CD containing the desktop edition of the distribution's most recent version -- 6.06, code name "Dapper Drake" -- for the i386 processors. The book's 18 chapters are followed by notes for the users of AMD64 and PowerPC processors, information about checking the validity of downloaded ISO images, and a long list of online resources. All chapters are interspersed with a large number of screenshots to illustrate the topic at hand. It should be noted that the book deals with Ubuntu only and it does not cover Kubuntu or any other Ubuntu variant.
Being written with beginner Linux users in mind, it's no surprise that the book starts with extensive information about the origins of Linux, the concept of open source software and general information about Linux distributions and Ubuntu. The nice part of this chapter is the author's revelation that despite being an experienced Linux users and advocate, he wrote the book for a less technically minded member of his family who became a willing tester of the topics introduced in the book and who has since switched to Linux full-time. "I have no reasons to doubt that Linux is ready for the desktop," writes Rickfort Grant in the introductory chapter. Besides monetary savings that Linux and open source software bring to the user, the author also notes the stability, versatility and multilingual capabilities as its main advantages.
And yet, Linux is not perfect. Much has to be learnt and many prejudices need to be overcome before the alternative operating system can compete with its more established rivals. And this is where Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks is most valuable - it not only teaches how to accomplish tasks in the included applications, it also explains its limitations (and how to overcome them) and warns about potential problems. After all, it's not always straightforward to get that cheap USB WLAN modem going under the operating system other than the one for which it conveniently provides easy-to-install drivers!
Speaking about networking, the book covers this topic extensively in chapter 4, right after the introductory chapters on installation and first steps on the desktop. As the author rightfully notes, "having a computer that isn't hooked up to the Internet is like buying a new Maserati and then refusing to take it out of the garage." Both wireless and cable connections are covered in a variety of scenarios, although surprisingly, it does not discuss the NdisWrapper method for setting up a Windows-only wireless network cards.
After the Ubuntu-specific chapter 5 that introduces Synaptic and GNOME App Install (without mentioning apt-get or dpkg), the book goes on presenting file management tasks before launching one of the most entertaining chapters of the book - customising the look and feel of your system (available as a sample chapter here). This is one place where even old Linux hands would find something that they did not know before. Quoting the author again, "I couldn't help but get sick of looking at the same old icons, window borders, and color schemes." After all, he continues, "is it any wonder that there are so many more Linux desktop screenshots out there on the Web than for any other system?" The author considers a "GUI fatigue" such a serious disease that he devotes an entire chapter to altering the look and feel of a GNOME desktop and provides a number of little-known tricks to make a Linux working environment so much more stimulating.
Surprisingly, the very next chapter introduces the command line, albeit in a very entertaining manner. Only the most essential commands are covered before the author diverts the boredom with a handful of interesting projects to re-enforce the newly acquired knowledge. This is followed by talk about installing binary-only applications, such as the popular Skype or Java, before continuing with several useful chapters on setting up printers and scanners, adding new fonts, and altering the system to support various languages (with a special sub-chapter on adding Chinese, Japanese and Korean support to Ubuntu).
After that, it's all about applications. OpenOffice.org, AbiWord and other productivity software are covered in chapter 13, while the next four chapters deal with everything you ever wanted to know about multimedia and digital photography under Linux. Whether you want to add MP3 support to your audio applications, manage your iPod, or set up a video player for playing encrypted DVDs, it's all there. The final chapter discusses the concept of Linux firewalls and introduces two antivirus applications.
Granted, many of the topics presented in this book are available on the Internet, in various user guides and in the form of an advice on Ubuntu user forums or mailing lists. Nevertheless, this book seems like the perfect companion for a less technically inclined friend or family member who might not enjoy searching through dozens of Google listings to find an answer or who might prefer a handy reference book instead of an online manual. The open and honest revelations, refreshing writing style, and occasional humour, make the book even more adept for recommendation. And at US$35, Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks certainly sounds like a good investment that will pay itself back many times over during the years of productive Linux computing.
Highly recommended to all readers setting out to do the right thing - switching to Free Software.
Title: Ubuntu Linux For Non-Geeks
Author: Rickford Grant
Publisher: No Starch Press
|Released Last Week
Kate OS 3.0 Live
A live CD edition of Kate OS 3.0 has been released: "Kate OS 3.0 LIVE is the newest version of our distribution which boots directly from the CD. It is a great demonstration of our system's possibilities. It can also come very handy when trying to rescue another system. The CD contains 2GB of compressed data, including the XFce environment with multimedia and office applications. Also available are system and partition rescue tools, GParted (partitioning tool) and ClamAV, an antivirus scanner. All these tools are priceless during a data rescue session after a system crash." Visit the distribution's home page to read the full release announcement.
GParted LiveCD 0.3-1
An updated version of GParted LiveCD has been released. From the release notes: "This version has some minor improvements. Nothing I can say here can top full move support in GParted, so I won't bore you with too many details. The coolest things are the new artwork by Junel Mujar and it's now possible to boot from a hard drive. The hw_random crash has also been fixed." Among the included packages, the Linux kernel has been upgraded to version 22.214.171.124, GParted to 0.3, and Thunar to 0.4.0rc1.
Kurumin Linux 6.1
Carlos Morimoto has announced the release of Kurumin Linux 6.1. The latest version of the popular Brazilian distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux uses the Linux kernel 126.96.36.199 with patches from KANOTIX, new drivers and security updates. Other improvements include the following: notebooks with wide screens are now detected and set up correctly; support for Intel ipw2200 wireless networking in Centrino notebooks; improved script for configuring wireless networking with NdisWrapper; the 'powernow' feature is now activated automatically whenever hardware with power saving features is detected; many bug fixes. Read the complete release announcement (in Portuguese) for more information.
Zenwalk Linux 3.0
Zenwalk Linux 3.0 has been released: "The development team of the Zenwalk Linux operating system is pleased to announce that the latest stable major release, Zenwalk 3.0, is now available for download as a CDROM ISO, and from CD stores. This release includes numerous software and visual advancements. Key software improvements include XFce 188.8.131.52, the Linux kernel 184.108.40.206 Firefox 220.127.116.11, Thunderbird 18.104.22.168, Xarchiver 0.4, as well as many others all updated to the latest releases (around 200 packages updated or added). Visual aspects of the desktop have been improved by using a complete Tango icon set." Read the rest of the release announcement for further details.
Linux From Scratch 6.2-3 LiveCD
Alexander Patrakov has announced an updated version of the Linux From Scratch (LFS) live CD: "The LFS LiveCD Team is proud to announce the release of the x86-6.2-3 version of LFS LiveCD. This version is built using LFS 6.2 and many Beyond Linux From Scratch packages from the Subversion branch. Source packages for LFS 6.2, and the LFS book itself, are included on the live CD. The CD is also suitable as a host for building x86 and x86_64 Cross LFS systems. Other features and bugfixes: the CD supports hibernation; the CD file system can be written to; the CD contains a visually pleasing and easy-to-use window manager, XFce...." Read the rest of the release announcement for more details.
SimplyMEPIS 6.0-1 DVD
A DVD edition of the recently released SimplyMEPIS 6.0 is now available for download or purchase: "MEPIS has announced the release of SimplyMEPIS 6.0-1 DVD Edition; an update of SimplyMEPIS 6.0. The SimplyMEPIS 6.0-1 bootable DVD not only includes hundreds of bug and security fixes, but the 1,900 packages of the three SimplyMEPIS Extras CDs, as well. SimplyMEPIS 6.0-1 DVD edition has been cover-mounted on the October 2006 issue of Linux Magazine from Linux New Media AG. The issue went on sale September 8 in the UK will be available at thousands of bookstores and newstands worldwide including Borders, Barnes & Noble, Fry's, Micro Center, Chapters, WHSmith and Eason." Read the complete press release for more details.
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Development and unannounced releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
New distributions added to waiting list|
- Bardinux. Bardinux is an Ubuntu-based Linux distribution produced by the Secretariat of Free Software at the Universidad de La Laguna in Spain's Canary Islands. It is a desktop-oriented distribution designed specifically for the needs of the university.
- Brighton Chilli. Brighton Chilli is a specialist live CD project based on FreeBSD and FreeSBIE. Its main purpose is to offer a live CD environment capable of running a WiFi hotspot managed by ChilliSpot.
- Aris OS. Aris OS is a new, general purpose distribution based on Gentoo Linux. It was formerly known as Reaper OS.
* * * * *
DistroWatch database summary
And that concludes our latest issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next issue will be published on Monday, 18 September 2006. Until then,
|• Issue 616 (2015-06-29): MidnightBSD 0.6, openSUSE's "42", encryption added to the ext4 file system, FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi|
|• Issue 615 (2015-06-22): Raspbian 2015, Fedora works around Intel driver issue, openSUSE adopts GCC 5, frozen desktop while copying files|
|• Issue 614 (2015-06-15): Chromixium OS 1.0, Debian 8.1 released, OpenBSD running in the cloud, sudo myths|
|• Issue 613 (2015-06-08): Fedora 22, Cinnamon 2.6 released, FreeBSD's history, working around Secure Boot|
|• Issue 612 (2015-06-01): Manjaro OpenRC, Debian, Devuan and systemd, Fedora 22 released, Mandriva closes its doors|
|• Issue 611 (2015-05-25): Kubuntu 15.04, openSUSE adopts Plasma 5, Ubuntu's Snappy, words from Debian's Neil McGovern|
|• Issue 610 (2015-05-18): NethServer 6.6, interview with Neil McGovern, CentOS supports AArach64, Foresight discontinued|
|• Issue 609 (2015-05-11): OpenIndiana 2015.03, LXLE 14.04, PC-BSD Current, creating ISO images, Ask A Leader with Peter Ganten|
|• Issue 608 (2015-05-04): Debian 8.0, Bodhi forks Enlightenment, new Debian GNU/Hurd release, distribution release frequency|
|• Issue 607 (2015-04-27): Ubuntu 15.04, Chapeau 21, Debian 8.0 features, Fedora 22 Beta details|
|• Issue 606 (2015-04-20): Linux Mint 2 "LMDE", Matthew Miller, Debian's new Project Leader, Evolve OS name change|
|• Issue 605 (2015-04-13): SuperX 3.0, HAMMER2 features, Linux 4.0, Vince Pooley, Google Code closing|
|• Issue 604 (2015-04-06): Void 20150221, Haiku's commercial partners, Debian release date, Tumbleweed features|
|• Issue 603 (2015-03-30): Tails 1.3, LibreOffice Online, Linux Firewalls book review, Kubuntu with Plasma 5|
|• Issue 602 (2015-03-23): Bodhi Linux 3.0.0, distro popularity, OpenBSD's new web server, GNU Manifesto turns 30|
|• Issue 601 (2015-03-16): Ubuntu MATE 14.10, modern distros for old hardware, AppArmor in Debian, Fedora 22 Alpha|
|• Issue 600 (2015-03-09): Korora 21, distro diversity, Ubuntu gets systemd, PC-BSD security features|
|• Issue 599 (2015-03-02): Sabayon 15.02, creating good passwords, new YaST modules, LMDE preview
|• Issue 598 (2015-02-23): Netrunner 14.1, Vivaldi web browser, Debian election, Cinnamon improvements|
|• Issue 597 (2015-02-16): MakuluLinux MCDE 2.0, Ubuntu phones launch, m0n0wall ceases development, live Linux updates|
|• Issue 596 (2015-02-09): ArchBSD 2014.09.04, encrypted e-mail, Fedora upgrade stats, FreeBSD's support policy|
|• Issue 595 (2015-02-02): ExTiX 15.1, Destroying encrypted data, openSUSE election, OSDisc statistics|
|• Issue 594 (2015-01-26): KaOS 2014.12, Commercial distros, Snappy Ubuntu, PackageKit fixes|
|• Issue 593 (2015-01-19): ReactOS 0.3.17, Unity on Mir, Bluetooth support, openSUSE election|
|• Issue 592 (2015-01-12): Mint 17.1, load averages, binary logs, GNOME Software|
|• Issue 591 (2015-01-05): Manjaro 0.8.11, systemd, Devuan, Torrent Corner|
|• Issue 590 (2014-12-22): Fedora 21, Ubuntu phone, expanding ZFS storage, Able2Extract|
|• Issue 589 (2014-12-15): Parsix 7.0, Ubuntu "Snappy", PC-BSD upgrades, How Linux Works|
|• Issue 588 (2014-12-08): PC-BSD 10.2, rolling-release Ubuntu GNOME, Bitrig, systemd|
|• Issue 587 (2014-12-01): Trisquel 7.0, Kubuntu 14.10 "Plasma5", FreeBSD on 64-bit ARM, Jolla and UbuTab|
|• Issue 586 (2014-11-24): Scientific Linux 7.0, Debian and systemd, Ubuntu MATE, application-level firewalls|
|• Issue 585 (2014-11-17): openSUSE 13.2, PC-BSD's "roles", MATE + Compiz on Mint, cleaning package cache|
|• Issue 584 (2014-11-10): OpenMandriva 2014.1, Debian freeze, trickle, systemd and boot times|
|• Issue 583 (2014-11-03): Ubuntu 14.10, ownCloud, Kylin interview, The Book of PF, Elive's commercial ways|
|• Issue 582 (2014-10-27): GhostBSD 4.0, Tumbleweed and Factory merge, systemd and fork of Debian|
|• Issue 581 (2014-10-20): SparkyLinux 3.5, Fedora's graphics stack, Debian and systemd, OpenBSD 5.6|
|• Issue 580 (2014-10-13): Rolling releases, Arch as best distro, GNOME on Wayland, MINIX 3.3.0|
|• Issue 579 (2014-10-06): PC-BSD 10.0.3, Debian's Jessie freeze, setting up home server|
|• Issue 578 (2014-09-29): Calculate 14, Debian's default desktop, Shellshock vulnerability, practical Tiny Core|
|• Issue 577 (2014-09-22): SymphonyOS 14.1, FreeBSD drops pkg_add, MINIX on ARM, GNU screen|
|• Issue 576 (2014-09-15): PCLinuxOS 2014.08, Mint's documentation, Debian's hardware database, CDE|
|• Issue 575 (2014-09-08): Porteus 3.0.1, Fedora's blivet-gui, Red Hat's Docker, systemd|
|• Issue 574 (2014-09-01): Ubuntu Kylin 14.04, Haiku and Linux kernel, Wayland support, Lumina, Bash completion|
|• Issue 573 (2014-08-25): SolydXK 201407, VPN gateway with FreeBSD, Ubuntu MATE, Raspbian, trusting binary packages|
|• Issue 572 (2014-08-18): ZFSguru 10.1, Fedora's Flock, beta installer for "Jessie", Ubuntu Core, rolling releases|
|• Issue 571 (2014-08-11): HandyLinux 1.6, LMDE update, default desktop in "Jessie", running out of disk space|
|• Issue 570 (2014-08-04): Neptune 4, Kubuntu's KDE Plasma 5, FreeBSD and UEFI, Linux servers|
|• Issue 569 (2014-07-28): Deepin 2014, Ask Fedora, Gentoo and LibreSSL, encrypted package downloads|
|• Issue 568 (2014-07-21): Antergos 2014.06.24, Mint based on Debian stable, upgrading CentOS, BinaryTides|
|• Issue 567 (2014-07-14): Manjaro 0.8.10, PC-BSD jails, Debian and glibc, Fedora's DNF, Xiki and Opera 24|
|• Issue 566 (2014-07-07): LXLE 14.04, OpenBSD's SimpleDE, openSUSE artwork, home security basics|
|• Issue 565 (2014-06-30): Chakra 2014.05, Fedora on BeagleBone, Matthew Miller interview, e-book readers|
|• Issue 564 (2014-06-23): Antergos 2014.05.26 and Q4OS 0.5.11, Debian LTS and glibc, Fedora DNF|
|• Issue 563 (2014-06-16): Mint 17, CentOS 7 pre-release, Debian MATE, accessing encrypted content|
|• Issue 562 (2014-06-09): GoboLinux 015, Gentoo interview, Fedora leader change, climagic tricks|
|• Issue 561 (2014-06-02): OpenMandriva 2014.0, Debian GNU/Hurd, Lubuntu and LXQt, Final Term, TrueCrypt|
|• Full list of all issues|